Explainable Artificial Intelligence: A New Way of Thinking and Exploring the Possibilities of AI

Saflata Expert Published by: Pooja Arora Updated Wed, 27 Dec 2023 02:34 PM IST

Highlights

Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) has become important to understand how an AI model makes decisions and recognizes sources of error. XAI focuses on filling this gap by making AI more understandable and clear.

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Explainable AI, often as concise as XAI, is known as the capability of artificial intelligence systems to give clear explanations and consider their decisions or results for humans. As we know, when businesses extend their artificial intelligence (AI) efforts, they will get some vital and crucial questions. Is AI being used responsibly? Can the outcome that AI generates be explained? There are four principles of legal and good AI: trust, privacy, security, and transparency. AI models are now deeply embedded in our lives. Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) has become important to understand how an AI model makes decisions and recognizes sources of error.

Source: Saflata

XAI focuses on filling this gap by making AI more understandable and clear. Here's how XAI works and why it is necessary. Initially, it’s necessary to understand what XAI is and why it’s required. AI algorithms often run as “black boxes” that take input and provide output with no way to know their internal workings. XAI aims to make the logic behind the results of an algorithm transparent to humans.
                    
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Table of Content

  • Why explainable AI matters

  • The importance of explainable AI

  • Comparing AI and XAI

  • Explainable AI Theory

  • How does explainable AI work?

  • Challenges in Executing XAI

  • Advantages of explainable AI

 

Why does explainable AI matter?

An organization needs to have a full understanding of the AI decision-making process, including model monitoring and the responsibility of AI, and not trust them blindly. Explainable AI can help users learn and simplify machine learning (ML) algorithms, neural networks, and deep learning.

 

Comparing AI and XAI:

What is the comparison between “regular” AI and explainable AI? XAI performs specific procedures and actions to make sure that every decision made during the ML algorithm can be tracked and discovered. On the other hand, AI often comes up with a solution using an ML algorithm, but the architects of the AI systems do not fully acknowledge how the algorithm reached that solution. This makes it difficult to check for reliability and leads to losing control, liability, and responsibility.

Importance of Explainable AI:
 

Faith, Clarity, and Transparency: XAI helps build faith between users and AI systems and simplifies their internal workings. Individual users, businesses, or regulatory agencies can better rely on conclusions made by AI if they acknowledge the reasoning behind those conclusions.

  • Licensed and Good Compliance: In industries, they preferred explanations for AI conclusions to concur with legal rules. For example, explaining why a model suggests a particular treatment is important for regulatory permissions and moral concerns in healthcare.

  • Decency and fairness: XAI can reveal biases in AI models and help users understand and ease them. Uncovering biases allows for impartial and more unbiased AI systems.

Explainable AI Theory:

To expand on the idea of what composes XAI, the National Institute of Standards (NIST) shows four theories of XAI

  • An AI system should give “proof, support, or reasoning for each output.”

  • An AI system should give explanations that its users can understand.

  • Explanation perfection. An explanation should perfectly reflect the process the AI system used to appear at the output.

  • Understanding limits. An AI system should work only under the order it was designed for and not provide output when it lacks enough confidence in the result.

How does explainable AI work?

These theories help define the output expected from XAI, but they don’t offer any advice on how to reach that output. It can be useful to separate XAI into three categories.

  • of resolvable data. What data went into training a model? Why was that data selected? How was decency evaluated? Was any effort made to remove bias?

  • Explainable divination. What features of a model were used to reach a specific output?

  • Explainable customs. What are the independent layers that make up the model, and how do they lead to the output?

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Data and explainable AI:

Explainable data is the most achievable category of XAI. However, given the large amount of data that may be used to train an AI agenda, “achievable” is not as easy as it sounds. The GPT-3 natural language agenda is an excellent example. Although the model is capable of copying human language, it also personalizes a lot of toxic content from the internet during coaching.

Challenges in Executing XAI:

  • 1) Trade-off between exactness and illustrability: Sometimes, more illustrable models might sacrifice exactness compared to highly compound models.

  • 2) Difficulty of Models: Deep learning models, such as neuronic networks, often require millions of frameworks, making it challenging to provide clear clarification for their judgment.

  • 3) User knowledge: ensuring that the clarification generated by AI is clear and useful to the end-users, who might need more practical knowledge.

Explainable AI is a growing field, with ongoing research focused on enhancing the transparency and limpidity of AI systems. As AI continues to merge into various features of our lives, the need for explainability becomes increasingly important for encouraging trust, decency, and ethical AI distribution.
 
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Advantages of explainable AI:

Implement AI with trust and belief.

Building trust in AI. You can quickly bring your AI models to output. Make certain AI models understandable and explainable. Clarify the process of model assessment while increasing model clarity and traceability.

Speed time to AI results

Consistently observe and track models to optimize business outputs. Regularly assess and improve model performance. Fine-tune model development aims to be based on continuous judgment.

Reduce the risk and value of model governance.

Keep your AI models explainable and clear. Manage regulatory, adherence, risk, and other specifications. Keep down the overhead of manual examination and expensive errors. Reduce the risk of accidental bias.

An organization needs to fully understand the AI decision-making process, including model monitoring and the responsibility of AI, and not trust them blindly. Explainable AI can help users learn and simplify machine learning (ML) algorithms, neural networks, and deep learning.

Read More: Artificial Intelligence

  • 35% of organizations have adopted AI.

  • 77% of devices in use feature some form of AI.

  • 9 out of 10 businesses support AI for a competitive advantage.

  • AI will contribute  $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030.

  • By 2025, AI might eliminate 85 million jobs but create 97 million new ones, resulting in a net gain of 12 million jobs.

What are some real-life applications of artificial intelligence?

AI is used in various industries including healthcare, finance, transportation, manufacturing, customer service, and entertainment. It is used for tasks such as fraud detection, algorithmic trading, personalized treatment plans, self-driving cars, and voice assistants.




 

What is machine learning?

Machine learning is a technique in which AI systems learn from data to improve their performance without being explicitly programmed. It is used in tasks such as image recognition, speech recognition, and natural language processing.
 

What are some ethical concerns with AI?

There are concerns related to privacy, bias, transparency, and accountability in AI systems. There is a need to ensure that AI is developed and used in a responsible and beneficial manner.

Will AI replace humans in the workplace?

AI may automate some tasks previously done by humans, but it is unlikely to completely replace humans in the workplace. Rather, it is more likely to enhance human capabilities and create new types of jobs.
 

What are the different types of AI?

There are two main types of AI: Narrow or Weak AI, which is designed to perform a specific task, and General AI, which is designed to perform any intellectual task that a human can do.
 

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