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Current Affairs 1st April 2021: Odisha Day 2021: Know the History of Utkal Divas / Odisha Day

1st April, 2021 Published by: Saloni Bhatia Updated Thu, 01 Apr 2021 11:03 PM IST
Source: Amar Ujala
Every year on April 1, Odisha celebrates its 86th foundation day, known as Utkal Divas or Odisha Day. It was the first state to be established on linguistic grounds in 1936. It was previously a member of Bihar. Odisha was founded as a separate province on April 1, 1936.

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Odisha, India's first state, was founded on April 1, 1936, nearly a decade before India gained independence from British colonialism. The state was created as a separate British India province, and the day is commemorated as Orissa Day to promote remembrance and foster a sense of unity among all of the state's people.
 

History of Odisha

After Magadha King Ashoka invaded the area in 261 BC to extend his Mauryan rule, it became part of Kalinga. Odisha was ruled by King Kharavela after the Mauryan rule ended. By overcoming Magadh, Kharavela was able to avenge the Mauryan invasion.
The Mughal Empire conquered coastal Orissa in 1576. In the mid-1700s, the Marathas seized control of parts of the coast. East India the company combined the southern coast of Orissa with the Madras Presidency after the Carnatic wars. In 1912, the Bengal coastal region split into two provinces: Bihar and Orissa. On April 1, 1936, Orissa was created as a province for people who spoke Oriya.

Utkal Divas: Festivals

On Utkal Diwas, the entire state celebrates with decorated shops, contests organized by local leaders, and cultural programs organized by different families.
Odisha is India's third-largest state in terms of tribal population. Throughout history, it has been ruled by a variety of rulers. Cuttack served as the state capital from 1135 to 1948, when it was replaced by Bhubaneshwar. Forests cover over 31% of the province, and it is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Odisha has also left its mark on early human civilization, with many fossil tools dating back to the Lower Paleolithic period found in the state.
On November 9, 2010, the Indian Parliament renamed Orissa to Odisha. The Oriya language was also called Odia at the same time.

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