Odisha, India's first state, was founded on April 1, 1936, nearly a decade before India gained independence from British colonialism. The state was created as a separate British India province, and the day is commemorated as Orissa Day to promote remembrance and foster a sense of unity among all of the state's people.
History of Odisha
Source: Amar UjalaOdisha was ruled by King Kharavela after the Mauryan rule ended. By overcoming Magadh, Kharavela was able to avenge the Mauryan invasion.
The Mughal Empire conquered coastal Orissa in 1576. In the mid-1700s, the Marathas seized control of parts of the coast. East India the company combined the southern coast of Orissa with the Madras Presidency after the Carnatic wars. In 1912, the Bengal coastal region split into two provinces: Bihar and Orissa. On April 1, 1936, Orissa was created as a province for people who spoke Oriya.
Utkal Divas: Festivals
Odisha is India's third-largest state in terms of tribal population. Throughout history, it has been ruled by a variety of rulers. Cuttack served as the state capital from 1135 to 1948, when it was replaced by Bhubaneshwar. Forests cover over 31% of the province, and it is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Odisha has also left its mark on early human civilization, with many fossil tools dating back to the Lower Paleolithic period found in the state.
On November 9, 2010, the Indian Parliament renamed Orissa to Odisha. The Oriya language was also called Odia at the same time.