In terms of several aspects of digital adoption, India is one of the top two nations in the world, just behind China. India's digital economy is anticipated to reach $1 trillion by 2022. At the 2019 India Digital Summit in New Delhi, this was the main topic of discussion. The conference discussed the requirements India must meet to develop a digital economy worth $1 trillion, as well as the obstacles on the road and cybersecurity dangers. To know more about such events download our August Current Affairs Magazine.
When it comes to the condition of our fundamental physical infrastructure, including roads, water, and power as well as those connected to sanitation, public health, and primary education, we are far from meeting worldwide benchmarks.
Source: safalta.comA comprehensive strategy to use technology for development is the Digital India programme. Let’s know more about Digital India Programme.
An Overview of Digital India
Every Citizen's Utility
- High-speed internet as a fundamental service
- Digital identity from birth to death
- Using mobile devices and banking to participate in the digital and financial sphere
- A Common Service Center is conveniently located (CSC)
- Private area that may be shared on a public cloud
Digital Infrastructure for Governance and On-Demand Services
- Seamless departmental integration of services
- Real-time services provided through web and mobile platforms
- Every citizen's rights must be portable and accessible via the cloud
- Digital transformation for business efficiency
- Cashless and electronic financial transactions
- Using the Geospatial Information System (GIS) for development and decision support
Digital empowerment of citizen
- Universal digital library
- Universally accessible digital resources
- All documents/certificates to be available on the cloud
- Availability of digital resources/services in Indian languages
- Collaborative digital platforms for participative governance
- To get India ready for a knowledge-based future.
- Realizing that IT (Indian Talent) + IT (Information Technology) Equals IT will be transformational (India Tomorrow).
- Placing a focus on technology to enable transformation.
- Regarding the Umbrella Program's broad departmental coverage.
- The programme combines a wide range of concepts and viewpoints into a unified, complete vision, allowing each of them to be understood as a component of a bigger objective.
- The Digital India Programme will bring together several existing programmes that will be reorganised, refocused, and put into action in unison.
Nine pillars of Digital India
- Broadband Highways
- Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity
- Public Internet Access Programme
- e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology
- e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of Services
- Information for All
- Electronics Manufacturing
- IT for Jobs
- Early Harvest Programmes
What is the Mission of Digital India?Digital India is an initiative of the Indian Government for providing internet networks with high speed to rural areas. The main mission of Digital India focuses on three areas:
- Providing infrastructure digitally as a source of utility to all the citizens.
- On-demand governance and services.
- For looking after every citizen’s digital empowerment.
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1. Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity: This is the initiative that focuses on network penetration and filling the gaps in the country’s connectivity.
2. Public Internet Access Program: There are two sub-components of the Public Internet Access program i.e.
3. Broadband Highways: This has three sub-components i.e. Broadband for all Urban, Broadband for all Rural, and National Information Infrastructure (NII).
4. e-Kranti: This is the electronic Delivery of Services for improving the public services delivery and also simplifying the process of accessing them. Various e-governance initiatives have been undertaken by various Central Ministers and State Governments to usher in an era of e-Government.
5. e-Governance: Under this Reformation of Government through technology is done- Processing of the Re-engineering by the Government using IT to simplify and make the processing of the government more efficient is critical for the transformation to make the government’s services delivery more effective across different government domains and need to be implemented by all
Departments and Ministries.
6. Electronics Manufacturing: This pillar always focuses on the promotion of the manufacturing of electronics in the country.
7. Early Harvest Programmes: Under this pillar, there are groups of different short-term projects which immediately affect the Indian Digital ecosystem like IT platform for crowd Sourcing of eGreetings, mass messaging, biometric attendance in the offices of government, all universities WI-FI, etc.
The main objective of Digital India is “Power to Empower”.
The three components of digital India are digital delivery of services, digital infrastructure creation, and digital literacy.
Below are the main objectives of Digital India:
Main Objectives of Digital India:
1. For providing high-speed internet for all gram panchayats.
2. For providing easy access to CSC (Common Service Centre) in all the localities.
3. It is the initiative that combines a large number of ideas and thoughts into a single, comprehensive vision so that each of them is seen as part of a larger goal.
4. The Digital India Programme focuses on restructuring many existing schemes that should be implemented in a synchronized manner.
Below are some of the main Digital India Mission Advantages:
Digital India Mission Advantages:
- It has increased the electronic transactions related to e-governance.
- CSC (Common Service Center) is made under the National e-Governance Project of the Indian Government which provides access to communication technology (ICT) and information.
- A 2,74,246 km optical fiber has been connected to over 1.15 lakh Gram Panchayats under the Bharat Net program.
- Internet data is the major tool for the delivery of services and urban penetration of the internet has reached 64%.
Initiatives of Digital India:The Government has created initiatives under the Digital India campaign. Below are some of the initiatives for Digital India:
- E-Hospitals: It is HMIS (Hospital Management Information System) and it is a one-stop solution for connecting patients, doctors, and hospitals through a single digital platform.
- DigiLockers: This is a Flagship initiative that aims at ‘Digital Empowerment’ of the citizen by providing access to authentic digital documents to the citizen’s digital document wallet.
- BHIM: Bharat Interface for Money is an app that makes transactions of payment simple, quick, and easy using Unifies Payments Interface (UPI).
- E-Pathshala- Developed by e-Pathshala, NCERT that showcases and disseminates all the educational e-resources that include audio, textbooks, video, periodicals, and a variety of other non-print and print materials through the mobile app and website.