Aptitude tests are an inextricable part of all public sector entrance exams in India. In India, aptitude tests are divided into two sections:
- Quantitative Aptitude
- Logical Reasoning
The Reasoning Ability portion in most competitive tests contains two types of questions. Logical and analytical reasoning are the two forms of reasoning. In this post, we'll go through all of the topics covered in logical reasoning, as well as how to solve them.
What is Logical Reasoning?
Aptitude problems that require a reasonable degree of thought to arrive at the correct solution are referred to as logical reasoning.
Source: Amar UjalaThe majority of the questions are built around ideas, while the rest include creative thinking.
There are two forms of logical reasoning:
Verbal Reasoning is the capacity to consider and solve problems that are articulated in words logically. The ability to derive knowledge and meanings from a sentence is tested in verbal reasoning.
Nonverbal Reasoning is the ability to objectively interpret concepts and solve problems expressed in numbers, letters, or figures in conjunction with words is known as nonverbal reasoning. Nonverbal reasoning assesses a person's ability to deduce and infer logic from data and consequences in a problem.
One such portion is rational reasoning, which appears on almost all major government tests. The two forms of reasoning can be used in substantial parts of the reasoning curriculum.
Steps to Solve Logical Reasoning Based Questions
Listed below are some of the steps to solve Logical Reasoning questions and answers:
- Read and understand the information carefully.
- Analyze critical logical information.
- Think of all the possible solutions.
- Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities.
- Come to a correct logical conclusion.
The following types of questions are included in the logical reasoning portion of the test:
Verbal Questions – These questions can be answered orally and do not require a pen-and-paper solution.
Image-Related Questions – Candidates may be asked to find identical or dissimilar figures based on mirror images or paper constructions included in the question.
Puzzle Questions – Seating arrangements or organizing people/days/months/places, etc. in various formats are examples of puzzle questions.
Sequence Questions – A series or sequence of individuals, numbers, alphabets or other items may be given in these questions, and questions based on them may be asked.
List of Topics under the Logical Reasoning Section
Aspirants need to study all the below topics under the Logical Reasoning section:
- Alphanumeric series
- Reasoning Analogies
- Artificial Language
- Blood Relations
- Cause and Effect
- Critical path
- Cubes and cuboids
- Data Sufficiency
- Decision Making
- Deductive Reasoning/Statement Analysis
- Embedded Images
- Figure Matrix
- Mirror and Water Images
- Odd One Out
- Picture Series and Sequences
- Paper Folding
- Pattern Series and Sequences
- Order & Ranking
- Seating Arrangements
- Shape Construction
- Statement and Assumptions
- Statement and Conclusions
7 Tips to Crack Logical Reasoning Successfully
Quick Tips that Make Quantitative Aptitude Easy to Crack