JEE Eligibility Criteria, Pattern, Syllabus : Everything You Need to Know

Safalta Expert Published by: Vinita Upadhyay Updated Tue, 07 Dec 2021 10:55 PM IST


Check JEE 2022 eligibility criteria here at Safalta. Get to know the age limit, educational qualifications, number of attempts and so on. 

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IIT JEE (Joint entrance examination) is a national level examination conducted in India as an esteemed engineering entrance examination. The sole aim of the aspirants appearing in the JEE  exam is acquiring admissions in some of the top technical and engineering institutes across India. There are lakhs of students who register and write the JEE exam every year. But there are only thousands who crack the exam and acquire admission in some of the best technical and engineering institutions like IITs, NITs, CFITs, and various other premier institutes in the country.

Students start preparing for JEE at an early stage but the exam being technical in nature, it is not easy to clear IIT JEE. This exam is considered to be one of the most difficult, demanding, and challenging engineering entrance examinations in India because of the gigantic syllabus and the questions asked which are not only tricky but demand adept analyzing and problem-solving skills.


The students who wish to give JEE  in 2022 should not only be academically strong but also need to be analytically strong which requires strategic planning, determination, and enthusiasm to prepare all the concepts.

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Everything you need to know about IIT JEE

1JEE 2022 Exam Categories   2. Syllabus for JEE Main 3. JEE Main Exam Pattern 2022

4. JEE Main Exam Pattern Highlights

5. JEE Advanced Syllabus 6. Highlights of JEE Advanced Exam Pattern

JEE 2022 Exam Categories

JEE exam is conducted in two phases – JEE Main and JEE Advanced. The first phase of the entrance exam is JEE Main and only those who crack the first phase of the exam will be eligible for the second phase which is JEE Advanced. Hence, it is equally important to clear both the examinations if one aims to get admission into the prestigious colleges and institutes.

JEE Main

National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the JEE Main exam as well as declares the results and administers the counseling process. JEE Main is considered to be the preliminary stage. Students who clear this stage are provided admissions in 20 IIITs, 31 NITs, and 18 other Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs). It is essential for the candidates to clear the exam and score the top ranks. Only those who are in the top ranks are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.

This exam is conducted twice a year. Hence, JEE Main 2022 will also be conducted in multiple sessions – one in  January and the other in April. Students can appear for any of the two sessions. The best score out of the two exams of JEE Main will be considered for admissions or make the student eligible for JEE Advanced. The merit list of the JEE Main is based on percentile scores.

The exam is held online in a computer-based mode and consists of three papers.
  • Paper 1 is for B.Tech
  • Paper 2 for B.Arch programs
  • Paper 3 will be for B.Planning courses.
  • The major subjects included in the syllabus are Maths, Physics, and Chemistry.
Some of the important dates that students who want to appear in 2022 examinations are given in chronological order:
JEE Main 2022 Events Dates
Application form availability September 2021
Last date for online submission October 2021
Application correction date October 2021
Admit card December 2021
Exam date January 2022
Answer keys release March 2022
Declaration of Result April 2022
Counseling May 2022

JEE Advanced

The second or final phase of JEE is JEE Advanced. This exam is conducted on a rotational basis every year by 7 different zonal IITs. Candidates who clear JEE Main and score the top ranks are eligible to write this exam.
This exam is a computer-based test (online) and comprises two papers i.e paper 1 and paper 2 which are mandatory papers The exam is carried out in two shifts on the same day and only those students who clear both the exam will make it to the merit list.
After clearing this exam, aspirants are provided admissions for B.E. or B.Tech. courses in 23 IIT and 9 Primer institutes.
Some of the important dates that students who want to appear in 2022 examinations are given in chronological order:
 JEE Advanced 2022 Events Exam Dates
Online Registration Opening April 2022
Last Day for Submission May 2022
Admit Card Download May 2022
Exam Date May 2022
ORS online display: June 2022
Review of Responses: June 2022
Online display of the Answer Keys: June 2022
Candidates’ Feedback on Answer Keys: June 2022
Result out: June 2022

Syllabus for JEE Main 

A subject-wise list of all the chapters covered in the syllabus is provided below. The topic-wise weightage of IIT JEE  is highly uncertain, therefore, the students are advised to prepare the entire syllabus without skipping any part or concept. JEE Main syllabus is plotted as per class 11 and class 12 NCERT textbooks to ensure uniformity across the country

JEE Main- Physics Syllabus

Physics and Measurement Thermodynamics
Kinematics Rotational Motion
Gravitation Work and Energy
Power Properties of Solids and Liquids
Laws of Motion Electronic Devices
Oscillations Waves
Current Electricity Electromagnetic Waves
Communication Systems Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetism Alternating Currents
Magnetic Effects of Current Kinetic Theory of Gases
Dual Nature of Matter Radiation
Atoms Nuclei
Optics Electrostatics

JEE Main - Chemistry Syllabus

Physical Chemistry
Basic concepts in Chemistry States of Matter
Chemical bonding Atomic Structure
Solutions Solutions
Redox Reactions Chemical Thermodynamics
Equilibrium Electrochemistry
Surface Chemistry Chemical Kinetics
Organic Chemistry
Polymers Principles of Practical Chemistry
Organic Compounds – Characterisation and Purification Oxygen, Halogens, and Nitrogen Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons Biomolecules
Basics of Organic Chemistry Chemistry in everyday life
Inorganic Chemistry
Hydrogen Classification of Elements
Periodicity Alkali metals
Group 13 to Group 18 Elements Alkaline earth metals
D and f block elements Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry Isolation of metals

All three sections of chemistry are interlinked with each other. Candidates can commence with the Physical Chemistry section before preparing for the other two parts. Practicing and solving different types of questions regularly like matching type, multiple-choice, and assertion reason type questions are vital to boost one’s reasoning skills.

JEE Main Maths Syllabus

Sets, Relations, and Functions Complex Numbers
Determinant Quadratic Equations
Matrices Permutations Combinations
Mathematical Induction Sequence Series
Binomial Theorem Limits and Continuity
Differentiability Statistics
Differential Equations Integral Calculus
Trigonometry Vector Algebra
Coordinate Geometry Mathematical Reasoning
3D Geometry Probability
Maths is easy to score if students keep on practicing and developing a good understanding of the basic concepts. Concentrating on the concept of building and enhancing numerical solving skills are vital for the topics covered in Maths which are a perfect blend of simple and complex topics.

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2022 

It is important to know the exam pattern by which the candidates can prepare accordingly.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) from 2019 onwards has been granted the authority to design and develop the JEE Main syllabus as well as set the exam pattern. Since 2019, a few modifications have been made to the exam pattern for the consecutive years. NTA has yet again introduced some changes. They are as follows.
  • Three papers for JEE Main. Paper 1 for B. E/ B. Tech, Paper 2 for B.Arch, Paper 3 for B.Planning.
  • Paper 1 will now consist of 77 questions where 25 questions will be asked from each section. Earlier the paper had 90 questions in total.
  • Paper 2 is now only set for B.Arch courses. It will consist of 77 questions and the total marks allotted is 400.
  • Paper 3 will consist of 100 questions and the paper will be out of 4oo marks.

JEE Main Exam Pattern Highlights

Particulars Paper 1 Paper 2 Paper 3
Exam mode Computer-based test Both online and offline Computer-based test
Number Of Sections Three sections comprising Physics, Maths, and Chemistry. Three sections consist
  •  Mathematics
  • Drawing
  •  Aptitude.
Three sections consisting of
  • Mathematics
  • Aptitude
  • Planning based tests.
Duration 3 hours 3 hours 3 hours
Number Of Questions 75 questions out of which 25 questions are asked from each section. Total of 77 questions
Maths-  25 questions Aptitude- 50 questions  Drawing- 2 questions.
Total of 100 questions where Mathematics- 25 questions Aptitude-  50 questions    Planning test -     25     questions
Question Types Multiple Choice Questions as well as numerical based questions. Maths and Aptitude - Objective Type Questions
Drawing and sketching - Skill Based
Objective types MCQs and 5 questions in Maths will have an answer that should be filled as a numerical value.
Total Marks 300 400 400
Language Of Paper Hindi and English. Gujarati is also included for candidates from some states. English, Hindi, and Gujarati. English, Hindi, and Gujarati.

JEE Advanced Syllabus

JEE Advanced 2020 syllabus comprises topics taught in class 11 and 12 Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

JEE Advanced - Physics Syllabus

Units Chapters
General Physics Units and Dimensions Experimental Analysis
Mechanics Laws of motion Kinematics
Systems of particles Gravitation
Harmonic motions Waves
The pressure in a fluid Thermal Physics
Inertia Momentum
Electricity and magnetism Magnetic Fields Electric Fields
Electric current Capacitance
Electromagnetic Induction
Optics Reflection Refraction
Wave nature of light
Modern Physics Atoms and Nuclei

JEE Advanced- Chemistry Syllabus

Physical Chemistry
Basic Concepts Energetics Solutions
Nuclear Chemistry Surface Chemistry Chemical Bonding
States of Matter Electrochemistry Chemical Equilibrium
Solid State Atomic Structure Chemical Kinetics
Inorganic Chemistry
Ores Minerals Transition Elements
Extractive Metallurgy Properties of Non-metals Qualitative Analysis
Preparation of Non-metals Preparation of Compounds Properties of Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Basic Concepts Properties, Reactions, and Preparation of Alkynes Properties, Reactions, and Preparation of Alkenes
Phenols Reactions of Benzene Alcohols
Ethers Aldehydes and Ketones Alkyl halides
Carboxylic acids Carbohydrate Haloarenes
Practical Organic Chemistry Amino acids and Peptides Properties and uses of polymers

JEE Advanced - Maths Syllabus

Unit Chapters
Algebra Quadratic Equations Complex Numbers
Logarithms Sequence and Series
Probability Matrices and Determinants
Binomial Theorem Permutation and Combination
Trigonometry Trigonometric and Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Vectors Properties of Vectors
Differential Calculus Functions Derivatives
Limits Continuity
Integral calculus Differential Equations Integration and its application
Analytical geometry 3 Dimensional Geometry 2 Dimensional Geometry

Highlights of JEE Advanced Exam Pattern

Some of the key highlights of the exam pattern are;
  • The main exam will be conducted in computer-based mode.
  • JEE Advanced comprises 2 papers (Paper 1 and Paper 2) and candidates have to appear for both the papers.
  • The question paper consists of three subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
  • Candidates have to attempt both MCQs and numerical answer type questions.
  • JEE Advanced marking scheme comprises full, partial, and zero marks scheme.
JEE Advanced Paper 1 pattern (Same for Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)
Section Types of questions No. of questions Maximum Marks
Section 1 MCQs with one or more than one correct answer 6 24
Section 2 Numerical value answer type questions 8 24
Section 3 Paragraph based questions
 (2 paragraphs, each having 2 MCQs with one correct answer only)
4 12

JEE Advanced Paper 2 pattern (Same for Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)
Section Types of questions No. of questions Maximum Marks
Section 1 MCQs with one or more than one correct answer 6 24
Section 2 Numerical value answer type questions 8 24
Section 3 Matching type questions with 4 options 4 12
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