List of Indian women freedom fighters and their contribution.

Safalta expert Published by: Saumya Sahoo Updated Fri, 26 Aug 2022 02:16 PM IST

Indian women freedom fighters

As India celebrates Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav on its 75th anniversary of independence this year, India's history of freedom struggles mentions the contributions of India's unnamed female freedom fighters. It's incomplete if we don't know Indian female freedom fighters. GK Capsule Free pdf - Download here
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#Indian women freedom fighters
#Women's involvement in the Indian freedom struggle
#This article describes an Indian woman or female freedom fighter who played an important role in Indian history.
 

Women's involvement in the Indian freedom struggle

The sacrifices of Indian women occupy the most important place. They fought with true spirit and indomitable courage and faced various forms of torture, exploitation, and hardship in order to obtain our freedom. The entire history of the liberation movement is filled with stories of courage, sacrifice, and political insight of hundreds and thousands of women across our country. It began in1817 when Bhima Bai Holkar bravely fought British Colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare. In the 19th century, 30 years before the 'First War of Independence of 1857', many women fought against the British East India Company, including Rani Channama from Kittur and Rani Begum Hazrat Mahal from Avada.
 
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This article describes an Indian woman or female freedom fighter who played an important role in Indian history.

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Rani Lakshmi Bhai

No other female warrior in Indian history has exerted such a powerful influence on the mindset of the Indian people as Lakshmi Bhai, Rani of Jhansi. She was the second wife of the ruler of Jhansi Raja Gangadhar Rao, who protested against the "doctrine of corruption". Refusing to give up Jhansi, she fought valiantly during the 1857 Rebellion, disguised as a man, and died on the battlefield fighting the British. Their courage inspired many Indians to stand up against foreign rule.

2. Begum Hazarat Mahal

Another woman we remember in this context was Hazrat Mahal Begum. She was the wife of the exiled ruler of Lucknow and took an active part in her 1857 rebellion against her annulment doctrine that Dalhousie wanted her to renounce Lucknow. She put up fierce resistance. However, after the fall of Lucknow, she fled to Kathmandu.

3. Kasturba Gandhi

Kasturba, the wife of Mahatma Gandhi, was one of her main supporters of Gandhi's program. One of the first women to be imprisoned in the Transvaal, she participated in the Quit India Movement (1942) and was arrested. She died in captivity in Pune.

4. Kamla Nehru

Kamala Nehru, who married Jawaharlal to  Nehru in 1916, participated in various movements and led the civil disobedience movement. She played a key role in organizing the tax-free campaign in the Union State (now Uttar Pradesh).

5. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit 

Jawaharlal Nehru's sister Vijay Laxmi Pandit joined the non-cooperative movement. She was imprisoned three times in 1932, 1941, and 1942 in connection with civil disobedience movements. In 1937 she was elected to the Union State Legislature and appointed Minister of Local Government and Public Health. She played a key role as India's representative at the first UN conference in San Francisco, where she challenged British power. She was the first woman to become President of the United Nations General Assembly.

6. Sarojini Naidu

She holds an honored place among women's freedom fighters in India. She was responsible for the awakening of Indian women. She was the first Indian President of the Indian National Congress at her 1925 Kanpur Congress. In 1928, she traveled to the United States with Gandhi's non-violent message. When Gandhi was arrested in a protest in 1930, Sarojini took the helm of his movement. In 1931, she participated in the round table with Gandhiji and Pandit Malavyaji. In 1932 she also served as Speaker of the Bundestag. She was arrested during the Quit India protests and served 21 months in prison in 1942. She was a talented English poet popularly known as the Nightingale of India. After independence, she became the first female governor of an Indian state (Uttar Pradesh).

7. Madam Bikaji Kama

Madam Bikaji Kama was an inspiration to British Indian youth, influenced by Dadabai Naoroji. She hoisted her first national flag at her 1907 International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart (Germany), founded the Free India Society, founded the magazine Bande Mataram, and launched her revolutionary I broadened my thinking. She traveled extensively and spoke to people about the struggle for Native American independence. She deserves to be called "the mother of India's first American cultural representative."



 

What were the women's involvement in the Indian freedom struggle?

The sacrifices of Indian women occupy the most important place. They fought with true spirit and indomitable courage and faced various forms of torture, exploitation, and hardship in order to obtain our freedom. The entire history of the liberation movement is filled with stories of courage, sacrifice, and political insight of hundreds and thousands of women across our country. It began in1817 when Bhima Bai Holkar bravely fought British Colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare. In the 19th century, 30 years before the 'First War of Independence of 1857', many women fought against the British East India Company, including Rani Channama from Kittur and Rani Begum Hazrat Mahal from Avada.

Who was Kitul Chennama?

Rani Chennama was born in 1778 in the small Kakati village of Karnataka, nearly 56 years older than Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi. From an early age, she learned horse riding, swordplay, and archery. When she was fifteen, she married Marathaja Desai. Although Rani did not win the war against the British, she is nonetheless remembered in the world of history for centuries. She was revered in Karnataka as a symbol of courage. When Rani Kittur lost her son due to the doctrine of lapse imposed in their region. She fought fearlessly against the British, but this humiliation was not swallowed by the British, as Rani negotiated with Chaplin and the governor of Bombay's presidential office. For 12 days the brave Queen and her soldiers defended the fortress, but the Raani were defeated (1824 AD). She was imprisoned and held for life at Fort Bilingual. She spent the rest of her days reading sacred texts and performing pooja until her death in 1829 CE.

Contribution of Vijay Lakshmi Pandit 

Jawaharlal Nehru's sister Vijay Laxmi Pandit joined the non-cooperative movement. She was imprisoned three times in 1932, 1941, and 1942 in connection with civil disobedience movements. In 1937 she was elected to the Union State Legislature and appointed Minister of Local Government and Public Health. She played a key role as India's representative at the first UN conference in San Francisco, where she challenged British power. She was the first woman to become President of the United Nations General Assembly.

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