**1. A shopkeeper marked his goods 50% above its cost price and sold it to Mohit after giving a discount of 30%. Mohit sold it to Ravi for Rs.4620 and made a profit of 10%. Find the cost price(in Rs.) of the article.**

(A) 3125

(B) 3540

(C) 2870

(D) 4000

(E) 5000

Answer: D: 4000

Explanation: Selling price by shopkeeper = Cost price for Mohit = 100/110 × 4620 = Rs. 4200 ⇒Marked price of the article = 100/70 × 4200 = Rs.6000 ∴Cost price of the article = 100/150 × 6000 = Rs.4000

**2.
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Source: safalta

Ram purchased 40 kg of variety A rice at Rs. X per kg and 32 kg of variety B rice at Rs. (X + 6) per kg. The Ram sold the whole quantity of variety A rice at 20% profit and that of variety B rice at 25% profit. The total selling price of variety A rice was Rs. 40 more than that of variety B rice. Had the two varieties been mixed and sold at an overall profit of 25%, the selling price (per kg) would have been Rs _____ (approax)?(A) Rs 40

(B) Rs 95

(C) Rs 32

(D) Rs 47

(E) Rs 49

Answer: D: Rs 47 Explanation: Rice A Rice B Cost price 40x 32(x+6) 20% profit 25% profit Selling price 120% of 40x 125% of 32(x+6) = 48x =40x+120

48x = 40x + 240 + 40 8x = 280 X = 35 kg Selling price of Mixture: ⇒ (40 ×35 + 32(35+6)) × 125/100 ⇒ 2712 × 5/4 ⇒ Rs 3390

**3. Two shopkeepers sell an article for Rs.4, 800 each. Shopkeeper A calculates his profit on cost price while Shopkeeper B calculates his profit on selling price. Both make a profit of 20% each. The actual profit made by B is RS _____ more than that made by A?**

(A) Rs 200

(B) Rs 140

(C) Rs160

(D) Rs150

(E) Rs 220

Answer: C: Rs160 Explanation: Since shopkeeper B calculates actual profit on S.P., Actual profit for B = 20% of 4800 = Rs. 960 Since shopkeeper A calculates actual profit on C.P. , C.P. for A = 4800/1.20 = Rs. 4000 ∴ Actual profit for A = 20% of 4000 = Rs. 800

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**4. A shopkeeper gives two successive discounts of 10% and 20% on the marked price of shirt. If he received the profit is 1/10 of the total discount, then find the approximate profit percentage?**

(A) 1%

(B) 2%

(C) 3%

(D) 8%

(E) 4%

Answer: E: 4% Explanation: MP of shirt = x SP of shirt = x × 90/100 × 80/100 = 0.72x Discount = x – 0.72x = 0.28x Profit = 0.28x/10 = 0.028x CP of shirt = 0.72x – 0.028x = 0.692x Required percentage = 0.028x/0.692x × 100 = 4%

**5. The marked price of the bulb is 60% more than its cost price. A shopkeeper offers a discount of x% on marked price of the bulb while he gets the profit of 36%. Find the value of x?**

(A) 15

(B) 20

(C) 30

(D) 25

(E) 40

Answer: A: 15 Explanation: CP of bulb = 100a MP of bulb = 100a × 160/100 = 160a 160a × (100 – x)/100 = 100a × 136/100 x = 15

**6. Sum of the selling price of mobile and watch is Rs.9000. Ratio of the discount offered byshopkeeper on mobile and watch is 1:3. If the sum of the marked price of mobile and watch is Rs.15000, then find the discount offered by shopkeeper on watch?**

(A) 1000

(B) 2000

(C) 3000

(D) 4500

(E) 4000

Answer: D: 4500 Explanation: Discount of mobile and watch = 15000 – 9000 = 6000 3x + x = 6000 x = 1500

**7. A shopkeeper bought two articles for Rs.1600. He sold first at a loss of 15% and second at a profit of 10%. Find the difference between the selling prices of both the articles if the cost price of first article is 200 less than the cost price of second article.**

(A) 450

(B) 395

(C) 520

(D) 300

(E) 400

Answer: B: 395 Explanation: Cost price of first article = (1600-200)/2 = 700 Cost price of second article = 1600 – 700 = 900 Selling price of first article = 700 × 85/100 = 595 Selling price of second article = 900 × 110/100 = 990 ∴ Difference between selling price = 990 – 595 = 395

**8. The marked price of a book is 50% more than the cost price and the profit % earned by shopkeeper is equals to the discount %. If the selling price of the book is Rs.639.6, then find the cost price of the book.**

(A) 475

(B) 617

(C) 533

(D) 582

(E) 580

Answer: C: 533 Explanation: Let the profit% = discount% = x% Let the cost price of the book be Y Marked price of the book = y × 150/100 = 1.5Y ATQ, Y(100+x)% = 1.5Y(100 - x)% ⇒ 100 + x = 150 – 1.5x ⇒ 2.5x = 50 ⇒ x = 20 Hence, Profit% = Discount% = 20% ∴ Cost Price = 639.6/1.2 = 533

**9. Renuka purchased a laptop for Rs.10200 from flipkart. If the flipkart sold the laptop at the profit of 20% and the flipkart also offers 20% discount on marked price of the laptop, then what is the difference between the cost and marked price of the laptop?**

(A) Rs. 1250

(B) Rs. 5250

(C) Rs. 4250

(D) Rs. 2250

(E) Rs. 3250

Answer: C: Rs. 4250 Explanation: SP of laptop =Rs. 10200 CP = 100/120 × 10200 = Rs. 8500 MP × 80/100 = Rs. 10200 MP = Rs. 12750 Difference = 12750 – 8500 = Rs. 4250

**10. In the Diwali sale, Dinesh expects a profit of 35% on the cost price of his fruits. What will be his profit, if he sells the fruits worth Rs.4050 in a week?**

(A) Rs 1050

(B) Rs 2010

(C) Rs 3580

(D) Rs 2500

(E) Rs 4000

Answer: A: Rs 1050 Explanation: CP = (100/135) × 4050 = Rs.3000 Profit = 4050 – 3000 = Rs.1050