Top 10 longest National Highways in India 2023!

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Sat, 09 Sep 2023 10:26 AM IST


National Highways, which link India's northern, southern, eastern, and western regions, have evolved into the core of the country's road system. Check here to know about the longest highway.

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The road networks are the arteries of the economy, providing forward and backward linkages. The candidates preparing for various examinations must be aware of the list of the 10 longest highways. India has the second-largest interconnected road network, and 1.8% of all Indian roads are national highways. In addition, there are 599 national highways in India, according to a report by the Ministry of Roads, Transport, and Highways. The highways are managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). Often considered the lifeline of the nations.


The space below has the list of the top 10 highways and other details. If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.

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Table of content


India's longest highway

NH 44 is India's longest national route. Formerly known as National Highway 44, National Highway 7 (NH 44). The 3,745-kilometer-long NH 44 runs along the NHDP's North-South Corridor. It starts in Srinagar in the north and ends at Kanyakumari in the south. The NH 44 route was created by combining seven significant old-number national highways, including NH 1A, NH 1, NH 2, NH 3, NH 75, NH 26, and NH 7.

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Top Ten National Highways in India by Length

As is common knowledge, India has more than 200 national highways. The top 11 national highways in India, the cities they link to, and their distances are all listed below for your convenience.
S. No National Highway Distance (in km) Route
1 NH 44 (old NH 7) 3,745 Srinagar to Kanyakumari
2 NH 27 3,507 Porbandar in Gujarat to Silchar in Assam
3 NH 48 (old NH 8) 2,807 Delhi to Chennai
4 NH 52 2,317 Sangrur, Punjab to Ankola, Karnataka
5 NH 30 (Old NH 221) 2,040 Sitarganj in Uttarakhand to Ibrahimpatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
6 NH 6 1,873 Jorabat in Meghalaya and terminates at Selling in Mizoram
7 NH 53 1,781 Hajira in Gujarat and Pradip port in Odisha.
8 NH 16 (Old NH 5) 1,711 East coast of West Bengal to Chennai in Tamil Nadu.
9 NH 66 (Old NH 17) 1,622 Panvel and terminates at Kanyakumari
10 NH 19 (Old NH 20) 1,435 Delhi to Kolkata
11 NH 34 1,426 Gangotri Dham in Uttarakhand to Lakhnadon in Madhya Pradesh


The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways is the owner of the network of trunk roads that make up India's national highways. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL), and the public works departments (PWD) of state governments are responsible for building and maintaining it. As of April 2019, India had 142,126 kilometers (88,313 mi) of national highways. All of India's major cities are connected by national highways running from north to south, east to west. Golden Quadrilateral exists in India (GQ). GQ is a national highway system that links India's principal economic, agricultural, and cultural hubs. It creates a quadrilateral that connects Delhi (north), Kolkata (east), Mumbai (west), and Chennai, India's four largest metropolises (south).

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Facts About the Longest Highway

  • India's road system is the second-largest in the world. 
  • There are almost 599 national highways (MoRTH), totaling 132,500 kilometers in length. India has 200,000 km of state highways in its entirety. 
  • The main highway has a two-digit number, and all of the three-digit highways are branches of the main highway. 
  • For instance, Highway number 144 is a subsidiary branch of Highway number 44. These are further divided into subgroups and given names with an alphabetic suffix, such as 144A, 244A, etc. 
  • Only 1.8% of all Indian roadways are used by the national highways. Nevertheless, they manage 40% of the nation's traffic on roads.
  • National Highway System Colors: *National highways are designated by the colors yellow and white. *White and green for public highways Black and white are only used on city highways. 
  • The two shortest national highways in India are NH 118 and NH 548. In the state of Jharkhand, NH 118 runs just over 5 kilometers between the cities of Asanbani and Jamshedpur. About 5 kilometers of the NH 548 run through the Maharashtra state.
  • In India, NH44 is the longest national highway, which is 3,745 km long. The length of this national highway intersects from Srinagar in the North to Kanyakumari in the  South.
  • The Leh-Manali Highway, which connects Shimla in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Jammu and Kashmir, is the second-highest motorway in the world.

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The above list highlights the top 10 longest National Highways in India in 2023, showcasing the extensive road infrastructure of the country. These highways connect major cities and regions, contributing significantly to India's transportation network and overall development.

What does each hue represent in National Highways? 

The colour scheme for national highways is yellow and white. State roads are painted in green and white. For city highways, use black and white.

Which Indian national highway is the shortest? 

The answer is that NH 118 and NH 548 are the two shortest interstates in India.

Who maintains and manages the National Highways in India?

The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is responsible for the development, maintenance, and management of the National Highways.

How are the distances measured for National Highways?

The distances mentioned represent the total length of the National Highway from its starting point to the endpoint, passing through various cities and towns.

Are these National Highways tolled or toll-free?

Many National Highways in India have toll plazas, while some sections may be toll-free. The toll collection helps fund the maintenance and development of the highways.

Can these National Highways be used by cyclists and pedestrians?

National Highways primarily cater to motorized vehicles. However, cyclists and pedestrians are allowed on certain sections, but it is advised to exercise caution due to heavy traffic.

Are there rest areas or amenities available along these National Highways?

Yes, there are rest areas, fuel stations, food joints, and accommodations available at regular intervals along these National Highways to cater to the needs of travelers.

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