Human Resource Manager Career: Role, Exam, Qualification, Jobs, and Salary Information

Anshuman Maurya

Anshuman is an English content writer and work on innovation content regarding digital marketing and other digital programs for constructive career growth.

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If you have a passion for working with people and have strong organizational skills, a career as a Human Resource (HR) Manager might be an excellent choice for you. In this article, you will explore the role of a Human Resource Manager, the types of HR managers, how to become one, the necessary qualifications and exams, required skills and qualities, and the job outlook and salary potential in this field. This information is specifically tailored to students interested in pursuing a career in Human Resource Management.

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Table of Content
Who is a HR Manager?
Role of HR Manager
Types of HR Managers
How to Become HR Manager
Jobs and Pay
Job Outlook

Who is a HR Manager?

A Human Resource Manager is a professional responsible for managing the human capital within an organization. They play a critical role in recruiting, selecting, and developing employees, as well as overseeing employee relations, compensation and benefits, training and development, and compliance with employment laws and regulations. HR managers serve as a bridge between management and employees, ensuring that the organization's workforce is aligned with its goals and objectives.

Role of HR Manager

 The role of a Human Resource Manager is multifaceted and involves a wide range of responsibilities.

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Some key responsibilities include:

Recruitment and Selection:

HR managers are involved in the recruitment and selection process, including job postings, conducting interviews, and evaluating candidates to find the best fit for the organization.

Employee Relations:

They handle employee relations matters, including conflict resolution, disciplinary actions, and promoting a positive work environment.

Training and Development:

HR managers identify training needs, design and implement training programs, and facilitate employee development to enhance their skills and performance.

Compensation and Benefits:

They develop and administer compensation and benefits programs, ensuring competitive and fair pay structures and employee benefits packages.

Compliance:

HR managers ensure compliance with labor laws, regulations, and company policies, minimizing legal risks and maintaining ethical standards.

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Types of HR Managers

 Within the field of Human Resource Management, there are various specialized roles that HR professionals can pursue. Some common types of HR managers include:

Recruitment Manager:

Specializes in sourcing and hiring top talent for the organization.

Training and Development Manager:

Focuses on employee training, career development, and performance management programs.

Compensation and Benefits Manager:

Manages the organization's compensation and benefits programs, including salary structures, incentives, and employee benefits.

Employee Relations Manager:

Deals with employee relations issues, fostering a positive work environment and resolving conflicts.

HR Information Systems Manager:

Oversees the implementation and management of HR technology systems and software.

How to Become HR Manager

To become a Human Resource Manager, you typically need a combination of education, experience, and specific skills. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to pursue this career:

Obtain a Bachelor's Degree:

Earn a bachelor's degree in Human Resource Management, Business Administration, or a related field. This provides a strong foundation in HR principles, labor laws, organizational behavior, and strategic management.

Gain Relevant Experience:

Seek internships, part-time jobs, or entry-level HR positions to gain practical experience in the field. This will enhance your understanding of HR functions and allow you to apply theoretical knowledge in real-world situations.

Pursue Advanced Education:

Consider obtaining a Master's degree in Human Resource Management or a related field. While not always required, an advanced degree can provide a competitive edge and open up opportunities for higher-level HR positions.

Obtain Professional Certifications:

Acquire relevant certifications such as the Professional in Human Resources (PHR) or the Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR) offered by the Human Resources Certification Institute (HRCI). These certifications validate your HR knowledge and enhance your marketability.

Develop Key Skills and Qualities:

To excel as an HR Manager, develop essential skills such as communication, leadership, problem-solving, decision-making, and interpersonal skills. Additionally, cultivate qualities like integrity, empathy, and the ability to maintain confidentiality.

Network and Stay Updated:

Attend HR conferences, join professional HR associations, and network with HR professionals to expand your connections and stay updated with industry trends and best practices.

Jobs and Pay



There are many different industries and organisations of all sizes where Human Resource Managers can find employment. HR managers might work for businesses, charities, governmental organisations, and consulting firms. Salary ranges for HR managers depend on a number of variables, including experience, education, location, and industry. HR managers may expect to make between Rs 4 lakh and Rs 15 lakh year on average, with the opportunity for increased pay as their careers progress.

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Job Outlook

Human resource managers have a bright future in front of them. The need for HR specialists is still rising as businesses increasingly realise how critical good HR practises are to attaining their objectives. The employment of HR managers is anticipated to increase steadily in the upcoming years, producing new job possibilities, according to the Bureau of Labour Statistics.

A career as a Human Resource Manager offers an exciting and rewarding path for those interested in working with people and contributing to organizational success. By acquiring the necessary qualifications, developing essential skills, and staying updated with industry trends, you can pave the way to a successful and fulfilling career in Human Resource Management. Remember, dedication, continuous learning, and a genuine passion for helping others will set you apart in this dynamic field.

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What is the role of a Human Resource Manager?

Human Resource Managers are responsible for managing the organization's human capital, including recruitment, employee relations, training, and compliance.

How do I become a Human Resource Manager?

To become an HR Manager, you typically need a bachelor's degree in HR or a related field, relevant experience, and key skills such as communication and leadership.

Are there different types of Human Resource Managers?

es, there are specialized HR roles such as Recruitment Manager, Training and Development Manager, Compensation and Benefits Manager, and Employee Relations Manager.

What certifications can help in becoming an HR Manager?

Certifications like PHR and SPHR offered by HRCI can enhance your HR knowledge and boost your career prospects.

What is the job outlook for Human Resource Managers?

The job outlook for HR Managers is promising, with steady growth in demand as organizations recognize the importance of effective HR practices.

What is the average salary of an HR Manager?

HR Manager salaries vary based on factors like experience, education, and location. On average, they can earn between Rs 4 lakh and Rs 15 lakh per year.

What skills are essential for a successful HR Manager?

Key skills include communication, leadership, problem-solving, decision-making, and interpersonal skills, along with qualities like integrity and empathy.

Can internships help in becoming an HR Manager?

Yes, internships provide practical experience and can enhance your understanding of HR functions, making you more competitive in the job market.

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