Guru Nanak Jayanti 2023: Celebrating the Life and Legacy of Sikhism's Founder

Updated Wed, 22 Nov 2023 04:00 PM IST

Highlights

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon day of the Kartik month of the Nanakshahi calendar, which typically falls in November. This year, Guru Nanak Jayanti falls on Monday, November 27, 2023.

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Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Gurpurab, marks the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the revered founder of Sikhism. This auspicious occasion is celebrated with great fervor and devotion by Sikhs worldwide, commemorating the life and teachings of a spiritual luminary who transformed the religious landscape of India.

Born in 1469 in the village of Talwandi, now known as Nankana Sahib in present-day Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev Ji embarked on a spiritual journey that led to the establishment of Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that emphasizes the oneness of God, equality of all humanity, and the pursuit of righteousness.

Guru Nanak's teachings, enshrined in the holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib, revolved around the concept of "Ik Onkar" – the oneness of God. He challenged the prevailing social and religious hierarchies, advocating for the equality of all individuals, regardless of their caste, creed, or gender. His message of universal brotherhood and compassion resonated deeply with the masses, laying the foundation for a vibrant faith that has endured for centuries.

Guru Nanak Jayanti: A Day of Celebration and Reflection

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon day of the Kartik month of the Nanakshahi calendar, which typically falls in November. This year, Guru Nanak Jayanti falls on Monday, November 27, 2023.

The day is marked by a series of religious ceremonies and festivities in gurdwaras, the Sikh houses of worship.

Source: Safalta

Devotees gather to recite hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib, listen to spiritual discourses, and engage in community service, embodying the values of langar, a communal kitchen that provides free meals to all, regardless of their background or beliefs.

Guru Nanak Jayanti is not merely a celebration of the past but a call to action in the present. It serves as a reminder to embody the virtues that Guru Nanak so passionately advocated for – compassion, humility, service, and the pursuit of truth.

Guru Nanak's Legacy: A Beacon of Hope and Inspiration

Guru Nanak's legacy extends far beyond the Sikh community, influencing countless individuals and shaping the cultural landscape of India and beyond. His teachings continue to offer solace and guidance to seekers of truth and enlightenment, reminding us of the inherent goodness within humanity and the power of love and compassion to transform lives.

Interesting Facts about Guru Nanak

  • Guru Nanak worked as a storekeeper in Sultanpur, which was owned by Nawab Daulat Khan Lodhi.

  • Guru Nanak's first words after his enlightenment were about the oneness of God and equality among all, regardless of their religious background.

  • Bhagirath was Guru Nanak's first disciple, who embraced his teachings.

  • Guru Nanak traveled extensively for about 23-24 years, visiting places like Tibet, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Arabia, Iraq, and Iran.

  • Mardana, a Muslim from a lower caste of marasis, was Guru Nanak's close friend and companion.

  • There is no evidence to support the claim that Guru Nanak's name was inscribed in Baghdad, Iraq.

  • Guru Nanak and Mata Sulakhni had two sons named Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das.

  • The comprehensive biographies of Guru Nanak are known as the Janamsakhis.

  • Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna, also known as Guru Angad, as his spiritual successor, instead of passing the leadership to his biological sons.

  • Guru Nanak is believed to have left his physical form on September 22, 1539, in Kartarpur Sahib.

Stats Related to Guru Nanak's Life and Legacy

  • Guru Nanak's Travels: Embarked on four major journeys, covering vast regions of India, Persia, and Arabia, spreading his message of universal brotherhood and spirituality

  • Guru Nanak's Teachings: Emphasized the oneness of God, equality of all humanity, and the pursuit of righteousness

  • Guru Nanak's Legacy: Founded Sikhism, a monotheistic religion with over 25 million adherents worldwide

  • Guru Nanak's Influence: His teachings continue to inspire individuals and communities across the globe, promoting values of compassion, humility, and service

Guru Nanak Jayanti serves as a vibrant reminder of the transformative power of spirituality and the enduring legacy of a remarkable spiritual leader who continues to illuminate the path towards a more just, harmonious, and compassionate world.

What is Guru Nanak Jayanti?

Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Gurpurab, is a sacred occasion that commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the revered founder of Sikhism. This joyous celebration falls on the full moon day of the Kartik month of the Nanakshahi calendar, typically in November.

When is Guru Nanak Jayanti in 2023?

In 2023, Guru Nanak Jayanti will be celebrated on Monday, November 27.

Where is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated?

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated with great fervor and devotion by Sikhs worldwide, particularly in gurdwaras, the Sikh houses of worship. The main celebrations take place in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, Guru Nanak's birthplace, where devotees gather to pay their respects and immerse themselves in the spiritual atmosphere.

How is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated?

The day is marked by a series of religious ceremonies and festivities, including:
Akhand Path: A continuous recitation of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy scripture, lasting for 48 hours.
Kirtan: Devotional singing of hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib.
Langar: A communal kitchen that provides free meals to all, regardless of their background or beliefs.
Katha: Spiritual discourses on Guru Nanak's teachings.
Seva: Community service, embodying the Sikh principle of selfless service.

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