Major ports of India:An Important statistic GK topic for all Exams

Updated Tue, 20 Jun 2023 03:35 PM IST

Highlights

How many ports do India have in the coastal line, do you know which ports are the largest in India, if not, then get all this information through this article.

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Major ports of India: All Details About Indian ports

 
India has a coastline of 7,516.6 kilometers and forms one of the largest peninsulas in the world. According to the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, about 95% of India’s trade by volume and 68% by value goes through maritime transport. It is served by 13 major ports (12 public and one private) and 187 notified small and intermediate ports. Port Blair, which was notified as a major port in 2010, has recently been withdrawn from its status. The following states have a total of 200 major and non-major ports:
 
Maharashtra (53);
Gujarat (40);
  Tamil Nadu (15);
Karnataka (10)
and others (82).

Know more
 
National Ayush Mission:All information regarding this topic
Sagarmala project :Project to connect all the coastal states of India

 
The Indian government plans to upgrade these ports and associated infrastructure through the Sagarmala project, established in 2015 and the National Maritime Development Program.
 

Ports of India: Which is the best global port in India

 
Do you know that there is an airport in India which has been ranked as the Best Global Port in India for the third time in the Atal Shastra Markenomy Award 2020 .This port is Jawaharlal Nehru Port which has been awarded the 3rd Time Global Port of India.Do you know Marine transport in India is controlled and administered by the state and the central governments.

Source: google

While major ports are managed by the Ministry of Shipping, intermediate and minor ports are administered by the government of the state in which the port is located.
 

 Major Ports of India: A checklist of Major ports 

 

There are 13 major ports in the country; 6 on the east coast and 7 on the west coast. Major ports account for 58% of the total cago shipped from Indian ports. The 9 main Indian states are Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, West Bengal, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. These handle the largest volume of freight and container traffic. Of the 13 ports, 12 are owned by the government and one port, the Tamil Nadu port of Ennore is owned by legal entities. The main ports are:
 
  •   Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNP),
  •   Candle
  •   New Port of Mangalore
  •   Tutorial
  •   Paradise
  •   Chennai
  •   Visakhapatnam
  •   Calcutta
  •   Mu StatesMormugao
  •   Manglona
  •   Ennore
  •   Port Blair.
  •   Port Blair
 

Major Ports of India: States have the largest number of ports

 
Maharashtra -53
Gujarat          -40
Tamil Nadu – 15
Karnataka – 10
 

Major Ports of India : A number of recent major initiatives in the ports sector

 
• In November 2021, the Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways and Ayush, Mr Sarbananda Sonowal, attacked the simultaneous launch of five vessels by Cochin Shipyard Limited. In November 2021, the Union Minister for Culture and Tourism, Mr. In July 2021, Parliament passed the Marine Aid for Shipping Bill 2021, which incorporates global best practice, technological developments and India's international obligations in this area.
 
• In June 2021, the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways and the Ministry of Civil Aviation signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the development of seaplane services in India. India is expected to start full operations at Iranian Cabar Port by the end of May 2021. In the Union Budget 2020-21, the total allocation for the Ministry of Maritime Merchants was Rs. 1,702 .35 crore.
 
• In the 2021 Union Budget, the government announced grant funding of 1,624 crore to Indian shipping companies to promote the flags of merchant vessels in the country. In February 2021, the Indian Parliament passed the Major Ports Authority Bill 2020. The bill aims to decentralize decision-making and strengthen excellence in the governance of major ports.
 

Source: Google

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Q1-How many ports are in India?

Answer- According to the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, around 95 per cent of India's trading by volume and 68 per cent by value is done through maritime transport. It is serviced by 13 major ports (12 Government-owned and one private) and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports.

Q2- Which port is biggest in India?

Answer-  In operation since 1873, Mumbai Port is India's second oldest port (Kolkata being the oldest). It is also India's largest port by size, spread over a 46.3-hectare area with a pier length touching 8,000 km.

Q3-Which is oldest port in India?

Answer- Indian ports: Kolkata Port Trust, India's oldest port, to lease area as big as London Docklands.

Q4- Which is the largest artificial port in India?

Answer- Chennai Port
Operated by- Chennai Port Trust
Owned by Chennai Port Trust, Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Government of India
Type of harbor Coastal breakwater-, artificial, large seaport
Size of harbor -169.97 ha (420.0 acres)

Q5- Which city is known as port city of India?

Answer- Mumbai Port is India's largest port by size and shipping traffic. Located in west Mumbai on the western coast of India, the Mumbai Port is situated in a natural harbor.

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