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Ananya Shree

Class 11th
Biology
1 year ago

Discuss the role of auxins in plant growth.

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Muskan Anand

1 year ago

Cell division and Differentiation: Auxins promote cell division and their subsequent differentiation into tissues. They are used in cultures to bring about organogenesis. Apical dominance: Auxins are more concentrated in the terminal buds rather than lateral buds. Therefore the presence of the terminal buds inhibits the growth of lateral buds which is also true when auxins are applied to the cut surface of the stem. This is used in preventing the sprouting of potato buds (axillary buds). Root Initiation: Low concentrations of auxins promote rooting which can propagate more plants vegetatively. Abscission formation: The development of abscission is due to a decrease in auxin concentration resulting in fruit fall and defoliation. In young leaves and fruits, the concentration is high. Hence the external application of auxins helps to prevent premature fruit drop of apple, pear, and defoliation of cabbage. Parthenocarpy: A normal fruit develops after fertilization, during which the auxin concentration increases. The application of auxins stimulates fruit formation without fertilization and is called parthenocarpy. Herbicide: Synthetic auxins like 2, 4 – D and 2, 4, 5-T are toxic to broad-leaved plants and because of this used as selective herbicides in crop plants, lawn grass, etc.

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