Know About The Common Cybersecurity Threats

Safalta Expert Published by: Shubhi Chandra Updated Sat, 01 Jun 2024 11:55 AM IST


The cybersecurity attacks is an illegal attempt done by the cybercriminals or hackers to steal,alter or destroy the important data through unauthorised network of computer system.Cybersecurity threats include data breaches,computer viruses or other vectors.The cost of a cybercrime is expected to reach about $10.5 trillion by 2025.

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 As computers become an important part of our lives, cybercrime also plays a vital role. We are all dependent on our computer systems, so that the cybercriminals are dependent on our computers to attempt the cyberattacks.The rate of cybersecurity threats are increasing day by day.A cybersecurity attack is an illegal attempt by  cybercriminals, hackers or other digital rivals to steal, alteror destroy data or information through an unauthorized network of computer system.The main goal of cyberattacks is to target a wide range of victims, from the common man to large businesses or even governments.The execution of cyber threats can range from basic phishing to multi-level actions taken by organized hackers.Cybersecurity threats include data breaches, computer viruses and other vectors.These threats can harm individuals, organizations, and the whole nation and impact the availability and confidentiality of data and other devices.The cost of cybercrime is expected to reach a staggering $10.5 trillion in 2025.There are many factors that are responsible for cyberattacks: human error,rapid growth of technology, malicious intent and inappropriate security measures.


Factors of Cybersecurity Threats
Types of Cybersecurity Threats
Protection against Cybersecurity Threats

Factors of Cybersecurity Threats:  Cyber threats harm the confidentiality and integrity of any organisation or nation.There are many reasons behind the cyberattacks, like activities.

Improper Security Measures:  Due to the lack of security, attackers can destroy sensitive data to gain unauthorized access to the computer systems 
Rapid Technology Growth:  Cyberattackers use tools and tactics to commit cyberattacks.They use advanced techniques for these practices.
Human Error: Sometimes, the employees of the company, unintentionally or intentionally, expose the secret information to others or download the malicious software accidentally, resulting in cybercrime.
Malicious Intent:  Hackers use different methods to do illegal activities, such as social engineering, malware attacks.This can result with the leakage of important information and financial loss, including defamation.

Types of Cybersecurity Threats:  The main aim of the cyberhackers is to steal or damage confidential data and harm the reputation of the individual or the company.Cybercrimes are of many types but here we discuss the most important one:

Social Engineering Threats:  In the context of cybersecurity, social engineering is a technique used to manipulate and influence people to disclose personal and financial information. It is used to psychologically exploit the person to collect information through the use of powerful motivators like love, money and fear.There are many examples of social engineering attacks:
Pretexting:  In pretexting, attackers may create a false pretext that gains the victim’s trust.This includes posing as an investment banker or an HR representative of the company.
Vishing and Smishing:  In this type of threat, the attackers use voice message or SMS with an offer to pay in exchange for a product or service.
Piggybacking: is also known as tailgating. An attacker uses the trick so that the user uses his own access card to give the confidential information to him.
Disinformation campaigns: These are used to spread false information from a fake account  through social media networks. 
Baiting:  This is a very common type of cyberattack.Attackers promise to give prizes or money in exchange for a small amount of payment.

Malware:  Malicious software, commonly known as malware, is any program or code that is developed by hackers to steal data or destroy any computer system. It is the most common type of cyberattack.

Source: Safalta

It may install the harmful software with the intention of harm the computer or the server. Ransomware, worms,trojans, spyware, and keyloggers are some examples of malware attacks.
Ransomware:  Ransomware encrypts the data on the victim's computer with an unknown key and asks to pay the ransom (money) in exchange for a decryption key. Once the price is given, the victim gets back his account.
Worms:  A worm is a self-replicable program that spreads itself to other computers. Worms generally slow down the network and once it affect the host, it can delete all the files present in the computer system.
Trojans:  A trojan is malware that appears on a desired operating system, such as playing an online game. It is little different from a virus and found in the non-executable files.
Spyware:  Spyware is another type of malware that collects the users information without his knowledge and gives it to hackers.
Keylogger:  Keyloggers are the tools that record every activity on the device. It hacks the passwords and other important data and sends it to the attackers.

Phishing: Phishing is a common type of cyberattack that uses email, SMS and social media to detect users' sensitive information, such as passwords, account numbers or credit cards numbers common phishing attacks include;
Spear phishing: is a type of phishing attack that targets specific individuals or organisations. The goal of it is to steal sensitive information from the target's device.
Whaling:  A whaling attack is considered as a hunt for a big fish. In this attack, the attackers target a company’s CEO to gain access to another person’s computer system.

Protection against Cybersecurity Threats: Each workload has specific value to the organization, and it is very important to protect all the workloads from cyberattacks. To protect the workloads, it is crucial to implement robust security measures to all the computer systems.This includes regular monitoring and auditing of the workloads so that the security risks can be identified earlier and we can terminate it before the full exploitation of the workloads.

Control access to sensitive data: Controlling access to sensitive data involves recognizing who can access the data and why.Sensitive data should be categorised according to its sensitive level, which means that it must consider which data is most important for the cyberattackers. This activity reduces the workload of security measures.This could involve granting access only to certain employees and also ensuring that this could be done through specific devices.
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Multi-Factor Authentication: This means that the user must go through two or more security measures before granting access to any system.Multi factor authentication adds an extra layer of security so that hackers need an additional authentication factor to access the system.This could be something like the user having a password and fingerprint as well. The best quality of this type of security is that it offers flexibility; it is two-level or three-level, depending upon the sensitivity of the system.
Adopt Zero Trust:  The zero trust policy is a secure model for organizations. It means that the organisation does not trust anyone inside or outside its perimeters for security measures.It requires strict identification for every person inside or outside the network who is trying to gain access to the system.The zero-trust model break the whole security system into micro segments so that each and every segment requires separate security system so that the hacker gets confused and the data must be secured.
Cybersecurity Training Program:  It must be essential to organise the cybersecurity training for the employees from time to time so that the employees understand the strategy of cyber threats.Cybercriminals are becoming more attentive constantly so it is important that cybersecurity training is also organised in a constant manner so the employees gain regular updates about the new hacking model. 
To join digital marketing course, Click Advanced Digital Marketing Online Programme cybersecurity threat is a very crucial issue nowadays.So eventually, what is the ultimate solution to this.There is not a single solution to minimise the risks of cybercrimes. Most humans are involved in such types of activities and they probably have all the qualities to implement cyber breaches.Even an organisation with a strict security system has to face small social attacks.It is insufficient to update the security panels; rather, it is important for an organisation to update the security measures back-to-back. It needs a very high level of security to minimise the risk of cybercrimes.The company has to regulate their softwares time to time and also organise adequate training programs for the employees so that they can sense danger earlier and alert the security system timely. The government also has to take sufficient measures to decrease the numbers of these types of crimes. Moreover, we also have to be more alert with our delicate and important information so that hackers can’t access our accounts.And if this type of situation occurs, we should inform the cybersecurity system as soon as possible so that the risk of loss may be minimised. 
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What type of businesses are at the most risk for cyberattack?

All businesses with crucial information are the target of cybercriminals.

What is cybersecurity and what is the solution to minimize the cyberattacks?

Cybersecurity is the term that is used to secure the data from hackers. Multiple layers of security, education, and awareness are the major steps to minimize cybercrime.

What are the major factors of cybersecurity threats?

Rapid growth in technology and a lack of awareness are the major factors that are responsible for cybersecurity threats.

Why are cyberthreats an issue?

Cyberattacks may steal important information about bank accounts as well as the company's details.

Are we safe from cyberattacks?

As we depend on the internet, the risk is increasing. Every 39 seconds, one cyber attack takes place.

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