Are you searching for the latest Accountancy CBSE syllabus for class 12? If yes, then you have landed the right place. Check the CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2022-23 here. Accountancy is considered to be a vast subject therefore, many students find it difficult to solve the complex problems of accounts. If you face the same challenges then joining Safalta School Online will help you to overcome your threats of accounts. The experts take the live interactive sessions and also you have an opportunity to learn at your own pace.
CBSE class 12 Accountancy syllabus for 2022–2023 has been made available online.
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Source: SafaltaClass 12 is the culmination of higher secondary education, therefore students must be well-prepared to get entrance to reputable universities for postsecondary education. In class 11, accounting is covered, and it remains the core topic in class 12 as well. Accounting is crucial for commerce students since it aids in their understanding of the economic and commercial processes. The 2022–23 CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus will assist students in covering all topics and comprehending how marks are distributed during the semester. Let's check the full Class 12 Accountancy syllabus here.
Check the Latest CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23
CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23 Unit-1: Accounting for Partnership Firms
Part A: Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies
Unit 1: Accounting for Partnership Firms
- Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.
- Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed.
- Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts.
- Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account- division of profit among partners, guarantee of profits.
- Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).
- Goodwill: meaning, nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation - average profit, super profit and capitalization.
Note: Interest on partner's loan is to be treated as a charge against profits.
Goodwill: meaning, factors affecting, need for valuation, methods for calculation (average profits, super profits and capitalization) , adjusted through partners capital/ current account or by raising and writing off goodwill (AS 26)
Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners - sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves, accumulated profits and losses. Preparation of revaluation account and balance sheet.
Admission of a partner - effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and re-assessment of liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits by preparing revaluation account and balance sheet. explain the effect of change in profit sharing ratio on the admission of a new partner. develop the understanding and skill of reserves, accumulated profits and losses, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet.
Retirement and death of a partner: effect of retirement/death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, adjustment of accumulated profits, losses and reserves, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet. Preparation of loan account of the retiring partner. Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit till the date of death. Preparation of deceased partner’s capital account and his executor’s account.
Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm, types of dissolution of a firm. Settlement of accounts - preparation of realization account, and other related accounts: capital accounts of partners and cash/bank a/c (excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of partner(s)).
- If the realized value of tangible assets is not given it should be considered as realized at book value itself.
- If the realized value of intangible assets is not given it should be considered as nil (zero value).
- In case, the realization expenses are borne by a partner, clear indication should be given regarding the payment thereof.
CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23: Unit-2 Accounting for Companies
Accounting for Share Capital
- Features and types of companies
- Share and share capital: nature and types.
- Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares.
- Public subscription of shares - over subscription and under subscription of
- shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in advance and arrears (excluding interest),
- issue of shares for consideration other than cash.
- Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP), Sweat Equity.
- Accounting treatment of forfeiture and re issue of shares.
- Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company
Accounting for Debentures
Debentures: Meaning, types, Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at a discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash; Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral security-concept, interest on debentures. Writing off discount loss on issue of debentures.
Note: Discount or loss on issue of debentures to be written off in the year debentures are allotted from Security Premium Reserve (if it exists) and then from Statement of Profit and Loss as Financial Cost (AS 16)
CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23 Unit 3: Analysis of Financial Statements
Part B : Analysis of Financial Statements
Financial statements of a Company: Meaning, Nature, Uses and importance of financial Statement. Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in prescribed form with major headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013)
Note: Exceptional items, extraordinary items and profit (loss) from discontinued operations are excluded.
- Financial Statement Analysis: Meaning, Significance Objectives, importance and limitations.
- Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Cash flow analysis, ratio analysis.
- Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives, Advantages, classification and computation.
- Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.
- Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio. Debt to Capital Employed Ratio.
- Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio, Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio, Net Asset Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.
- Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment.
CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23 Unit-4: Cash Flow Statement
Meaning, objectives Benefits, Cash and Cash Equivalents, Classification of Activities, and preparation
CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2022-23 Unit 4: Computerised Accounting
Part B: Computerised Accounting
Overview of Computerised Accounting System
- Introduction: Application in Accounting.
- Features of Computerised Accounting System.
- Structure of CAS.
- Software Packages: Generic; Specific; Tailored.
- Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet.
- Concept of electronic spreadsheet.
- Features offered by electronic spreadsheet.
- Application in generating accounting information - bank reconciliation statement; asset accounting;
- loan repayment of loan schedule, ratio analysis
- Data representation- graphs, charts and diagrams.
Using Computerized Accounting System.
- Steps in installation of CAS, codification and Hierarchy of account heads, creation of accounts.
- Data: Entry, validation and verification.
- Adjusting entries, preparation of balance sheet, profit and loss account with closing entries and opening entries.
- Need and security features of the system.