Class 8th NCERT solutions :Crops and it's management

Updated Sun, 22 May 2022 11:24 AM IST

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Crop production and management

 
Crops are the basis of agriculture and the supply of raw material for all industries, as well as crops are produced according to the increasing population, since the continuous green revolution in India, the production of wheat and rice has increased.
 
Include in this topic
Crops
Main crops
Cash crops
Management of crop Production


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  • In India main crops are…

Maine crops in india

Crop  production and management : Rice

 
 Rice is one of the main crops of India, it requires high temperature and sub-tropical climate and rainfall, black soil is best for this, many types of rice crops are grown in India, India is second in rice crop while China ranks first in its production.
 

 Crop  production and management :Wheat

 
Wheat production has increased since the Green Revolution in India, it is the most abundant product for us, its production is highest in Punjab, Haryana region, it requires moderate temperature and less rainfall. Wheat in India is mainly in winter season. The United States ranks first in wheat production, India ranks third in wheat production.
 

Crop  production and management:Milats

 
Coarse cereals are grown in less fertile land or sandy land, such crops require adequate sunlight. Coarse cereals include millet, maize, jowar, etc. Their production is more in Rajasthan and the region, its production is in the first place in the United States.
 

Crop production and management:Corn

 
It requires moderate temperature rainfall and more sunlight.

Source: Amar ujala

It is grown in well drainage fertile soils. Maize in India is mainly grown in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Jharkhand. Its production is in the first place in the United States.
 

Cash crops in India

 

Crop production and management :Cotton

 
Cotton is a cash crop, its crop is best in black soil, so its production is high in the area of black soil in India, it requires high temperature, light rain and 200 to 210 cm of rain. Cotton crop is Mainly done in China USA India-Brazil Pakistan etc.
 

Crop production and management :Jute

 
Jute crop is mainly grown in tropical areas, it requires high temperature, high rainfall and Andhra. It is also known as golden. It is mainly produced in West Bengal, Bihar and Bangladesh in India.
 

Crop production and management :Coffee

 
Coffee is produced on mountain slopes, for this, it is good in a humid climate and good morning loam soil, it is also a cash crop Brazil has a major place in the production of coffee, followed by Colombia and India.
 

Car production and management :Tea

 
Tea is grown on uphill slopes, for this also well-affected loamy soil and frequent slow rains are required. Tea is the most abundant beverage found in India. In India, it is produced in Assam and Darjeeling. A lot of labour is required for picking India’s tea is very famous in the world.
 

Management of crops productions

 
Agricultural development relates to efforts towards increasing agricultural production to meet the increasing demands of a growing population. This can be achieved in many ways like by expanding the area sown, increasing the number of crops sown and improving irrigation facilities, mechanization of agriculture by using fertilizers and high yielding seeds is also another of the development of agriculture is the aspect. The ultimate goal of the development of agriculture is to enhance food security.
 Agriculture has developed at different paces in different parts of the world. Developing countries with larger populations are more intensively agricultural. Where subsistence crops are generally grown on small holdings. Larger plots are more suitable for commercial agriculture such as in the United States, Canada and Australia.
You also read

Q1-what is the crop management?

Answer -Agriculture is the science, which mainly deals with the diverse processes or the methods used for the cultivating different varieties of plants and livestock farming or animal husbandry on the basis of human requirements.

Q2-what is the important of crop?

Answer-the Agronomic crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fiber for domestic consumption and are a major component of U.S. export trade. Horticultural plants — those grown specifically for human use — offer variety to human diets and enhance the living environment.

Q3-what is the types of crops?

Answer- The major crops can all be divided into four main categories depending on their usage.
  • Food Crops (Wheat, Maize, Rice, Millets and Pulses etc.)
  • Cash Crops (Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute and Oilseeds etc.)
  • Plantation Crops (Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber etc.)
  • Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables)

Q4-what is the major crops?

Answer-Major crops can be classified into- Food crops- Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses. Cash crops- Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute.

Q5-What is crop season?

Answer -The agricultural crop year in India is from July to June. The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-
(i) Kharif and
(ii) Rabi based on the monsoon.
The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter).

Q6-what is cropping system?

Answer -The term cropping system refers to the crops and crop sequences and the management techniques used on a particular field over a period of years. Long-term cropping systems research projects generally involve a team of scientists of different disciplines working together to answer questions and solve problems.

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