NCERT Books Class 12 Business studies Chapter 9- Financial Management

Safalta Expert Published by: Noor Fatima Updated Fri, 15 Jul 2022 11:57 PM IST

Highlights

Here is the information about NCERT Books Class 12 Business studies Chapter 9. You can give a read to this blog and get PDFs of the subject.

At Safalta, you can read or download NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 9 Financial Management. NCERT Books can be used as a resource by students who are in 12th grade or studying for any exam that is focused on Class 12 Business Studies.

When you don't have access to a physical copy, digital NCERT Books Class 12 Business Studies PDF are always useful.
 
You may read NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 9 Financial Management here. You may find links to Class 12 Business Studies Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Questions, Practice Papers, and more after each chapter.

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Table of Content-

Topics Covered
Starting of the Chapter
Glimpses of the Chapter
PDF Link


The Chapter 'Financial Management' explains the following-

  • Introduction
  • Meaning of Business Finance
  • Financial Management
  • Importance of financial management
  • Objectives of financial management
  • Financial decisions
  • Financial planning
  • Importance of Financial planning
  • Capital Structure
  • Factors affecting the Choice of Capital Structure
  • Fixed and Working Capital

Financial Management Goes Like This-

Introduction

In the above case, these decisions require careful financial planning, an understanding of the resultant capital structure and the riskiness and profitability of the enterprise.

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All these have a bearing on shareholders as well as employees. They require an understanding of business finance, major financial decision areas, financial risk, and working capital requirements of the business. Finance, as we all know, is essential for running a business. Success of business depends on how well finance is invested in assets and operations and how timely and cheaply the finances are arranged, from outside or from within the business. 


Meaning of Business Finance

Money required for carrying out business activities is called business finance. Almost all business activities require some finance. Finance is needed to establish a business, to run it, to modernise it, to expand, or diversify it. It is required for buying a variety of assets, which may be tangible like machinery, factories, buildings, offices; or intangible such as trademarks, patents, technical expertise, etc. Also, finance is central to running the day-to-day operations of business, like buying material, paying bills, salaries, collecting cash from customers, etc. needed at every stage in the life of a business entity. Availability of adequate finance is, thus, very crucial for the survival and growth of a business.


Financial Management

All finance comes at some cost. It is quite imperative that it needs to be carefully managed. Financial Management is concerned with optimal procurement as well as the usage of finance. For optimal procurement, different available sources of finance are identified and compared in terms of their costs and associated risks. Similarly, the finance so procured needs to be invested in a manner that the returns from the investment exceed the cost at which procurement has taken place.
Financial Management aims at reducing the cost of funds procured, keeping the risk under control and achieving effective deployment of such funds. It also
aims at ensuring availability of enough funds whenever required as well as avoiding idle finance. Needless to emphasise, the future of a business depends a great deal on the quality of its financial management. 

Importance: The role of financial management can not be over - emphasised, since it has a direct bearing on the financial health of a business. The financial statements, such as Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account, reflect a firm’s financial position and its financial health. Almost all items in the financial statements of a business are affected directly or indirectly through some financial management decisions. Some prominent examples of the aspects being affected could be as under:

The size and the composition of fixed assets of the business: For example, a capital budgeting decision to invest a sum of Rs. 100 crores in fixed assets would raise he size of fixed assets block by this amount.

The quantum of current assets and its break-up into cash, inventory and receivables: With an increase in the investment in fixed assets, there is a commensurate increase in the working capital requirement. The quantum of current assets is also influenced by financial management decisions. In addition, decisions about credit and inventory management affect the amount of debtors and inventory which in turn affect the total current assets as well as their composition.

The amount of long-term and short- term funds to be used: Financial management, among others, involves decision about the proportion of long-term and short-term funds. An organisation wanting to have more liquid assets would raise relatively more amount on a long-term basis. There is a choice between liquidity and profitability. The underlying assumption here is that current liabilities cost less than long term liabilities.

Break-up of long-term financing into debt, equity etc: Of the total longterm finance, the proportions to be raised by way of debt and/or equity is also a financial management decision. The amounts of debt, equity share capital, preference share capital are affected by the financing decision, which is a part of financing management.

All items in the Profit and Loss Account, e.g., Interest, Expense, Depreciation, etc. : Higher amount of debt means higher interest expense in future. Similarly, use of higher equity may entail higher payment of dividends. Similarly, an expansion of business which is a result of capital budgeting decision is likely to affect virtually all items in the profit and loss account of the business.

It can, thus, be stated that the financial statements of a business are largely determined by financial management decisions taken earlier. Similarly, the future financial statements would depend upon past as well as current financial decisions. Thus, the overall financial health of a business is determined by the quality of its financial management. Good financial management aims at mobilisation of financial resources at a lower cost and deployment of these in most lucrative activities.

Some Glimpses of the Chapter are-


Scroll down to get the PDF download link.

Download the NCERT Book for Business Studies, Class 12 in PDF.

Downloading the NCERT Class 12 Books is simple. Simply click the link, and a new window containing all the chapter-by-chapter NCERT Book Class 12 Business Studies PDF files will open. The chapter you want to download has been selected. The PDF will be on your device so you can read it offline.
 
NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 9 Financial Management - PDF Download

Chapter 9 Financial Management

Where can you download ‘Financial Management PDF?

Candidates can download NCERT Books Class 12 Business studies Chapter 8- Controlling PDF for free on our page. Links are given below.

Chapter 9 Financial Management
 

Is NCERT enough for Business Studies Class 12?

Yes, these are. The book can also assist in dispelling uncertainties. Studying from the NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies also has the following advantages:
  • The NCERT Books Class 12 Business studies provides students with in-depth knowledge of accounting.
  • The course books include illustrations that might aid students in comprehending the chapters.
  • These books can aid learners in independent study

What topics are covered in ‘Financial Management Chapter?

The Chapter 'Financial Management' explains the following-

  • Introduction
  • Meaning of Business Finance
  • Financial Management
  • Importance of financial management
  • Objectives of financial management
  • Financial decisions
  • Financial planning
  • Importance of Financial planning
  • Capital Structure
  • Factors affecting the Choice of Capital Structure
  • Fixed and Working Capital

Are the CBSE Books for Class 12 Business Studies significant for board exams?

For higher courses and board exams, the chapters in the CBSE Books for Class 12 Business studies are essential. For Class 12 Accountancy, students should read the chapter provided in the CBSE books. These examples and drill questions can help you get high marks.
 
We offer practice test questions to assist you sharpen your exam preparations and earn top grades. E-books can also be downloaded if you want to prepare even more thoroughly.

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