NCERT Class 12 Books Accountancy Chapter 3- Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm- Admission of a Partner

Safalta Expert Published by: Noor Fatima Updated Sat, 09 Jul 2022 12:18 AM IST

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The Chapter Goes Like This-


LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After studying this chapter you will be able to-
  • Explain the concept of reconstitution of a partnership firm; • Identify the matters that need adjustments in the books of firm when a new partner is admitted
  • Determine the new profit sharing ratio and calculate the sacrificing ratio; Define goodwill and enumerate the factors that affect it
  • Explain the methods of valuation of goodwill
  • Describe how goodwill will be treated under different situations when a new partner is admitted
  • Make necessary adjustments for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities
  • Make necessary adjustments for accumulated profits and losses
  • Determine the capital of each partner, if required according to the new profit sharing ratio and make necessary adjustments
  • Make necessary adjustments on change in the profit sharing ratio among the existing partners
P artnership is an agreement between two or more persons (called partners) for sharing the profits of a business carried on by all or any of them acting for all. Any change in the existing agreement amounts to reconstitution of the partnership firm. This results in an end of the existing agreement and a new agreement comes into being with a changed relationship among the members of the partnership firm and/or their composition. However, the firm continues. The partners often resort to reconstitution of the firm in various ways such as admission of a new partner, change in profit sharing ratio, retirement of a partner, death or insolvence of a partner. In this chapter we shall have a brief idea about all these and in detail about the accounting implications of admission of a new partner or an on change in the profit sharing ratio.


3.1 Modes of Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm

Reconstitution of a partnership firm usually takes place in any of the following ways:

Admission of a new partner: A new partner may be admitted when the firm needs additional capital or managerial help. According to the provisions of Partnership Act 1932 unless it is otherwise provided in the partnership deed a new partner can be admitted only when the existing partners unanimously agree for it. For example, Hari and Haqque are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On April 1, 2017 they admitted John as a new partner with 1/6 share in profits of the firm. With this change now there are three partners of the firm and it stands reconstituted.

Change in the profit sharing ratio among the existing partners: Sometimes the partners of a firm may decide to change their existing profit sharing ratio. This may happen an account of a change in the existing partners’ role in the firm. For example, Ram, Mohan and Sohan are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. With effect from April 1,2017 they decided to share profits equally as Sohan brings in additional capital. This results in a change in the existing agreement leading to reconstitution of the firm.

Retirement of an existing partner: It means withdrawal by a partner from the business of the firm which may be due to his bad health, old age or change in business interests. In fact a partner can retire any time if the partnership is at will. For example, Roy, Ravi and Rao are partners in the firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:2:1. On account of illness, Ravi retired from the firm on March 31, 2017. This results in reconstitution of the firm now having only two partners.

Death of a partner: Partnership may also stand reconstituted on death of a partner, if the remaining partners decide to continue the business of the firm as usual. For example, X,Y and Z are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio 3:2:1. X died on March 31, 2017. Y and Z decide to carry on the business sharing future profits equally. The continuity of business by Y and Z sharing future profits equally leads to reconstitution of the firm.


Some Glimpses of the Chapter are-






 
 
NCERT Class 12 Books Accountancy Chapter 3- Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm- Admission of a Partner PDF Download

Chapter 3- Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm- Admission of a Partner

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Chapter 3- Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm- Admission of a Partner

Why is NCERT Class 12 Books Accountancy the best study material?

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Are CBSE Books for Class 12 Accountancy crucial for board exams?

The chapters in CBSE Books for Class 12 Accountancy are vital for board exams and higher classes. Students should read the chapter given in the CBSE books for Class 12 Accountancy. These stories and practice questions can help gain excellent marks.

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