Present Tense, Learn Types and Rules

Safalta Expert Published by: Noor Fatima Updated Wed, 12 Oct 2022 09:10 PM IST

Highlights

Here is all you need to know about Present Tense, Types, and Rules. Read the article to learn and understand Present Tense, its Types, and Rules. 

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A verb and its form depict the time of the activity or occurrence in a sentence. If the verb employed describes the present time, it is a Present Tense. For Example, I write; She eats; They play. It is very crucial to be assured of the usage of tense in a sentence. Tenses are verb form that indicates the time of the event, a task, or an incident. It depicts the continuation or completion of any activity.

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Knowledge of tenses is very important, as it is a crucial part of the English language. Here, in this blog, we will discuss Present Tense Rules, along with the types and examples. Simple Present Tense records the tasks or occurrences that are taking place at the present moment. Additionally, facts and truths are recorded under the Simple Present Tense. In simple terms, the Simple Present Tense is used when we talk about an activity that is occuring right now. It also describes things we do in our daily routine or describes our views, ideas, beliefs, feelings, a planned thing, or a task that will take place in the future. Furthermore, this tense is also used with some adverbs to describe something that takes place just once in a while. The form of verb used in Simple Present Tense is the same as the root form. 

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Table of Content
Simple Present Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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Simple Present Tense

In Simple Present Tense, we keep the tasks or occurrences that are happening at the present moment. Moreover, facts and truths that are and always be true are recorded under the Simple Present Tense. In simple terms, the Simple Present Tense is employed when we talk about the happening or activity that is taking place right now. It also depicts things we do in our daily routine or describes our views, ideas, beliefs, feelings, a planned thing, or an event that will occur in the coming days. Additionally, this tense is also used with some adverbs to describe something that takes place just once in a while. The form of verb used in Simple Present Tense is the same as the root form. 

Simple Present Tense is also employed to express occurrences that happen regularly. Furthermore, repeated actions and Universal truths are also recorded under this Tense.

Positive/ Assertive Sentences
Rule- Subject+ Verb (First Form) + s/es + Object
Examples-
  • I go to the market.
  • He goes to a school.
  • They go to a park.
  • She plays piano. 
Negative Sentences
Rule- Sub + do/does + not + verb (first form) +object
Examples-
  • I do not to the market.
  • He does not go to school.
  • They do not go to a park.
  • She does not play piano. 
Interrogative Sentences
Rule- Do/Does +not +Verb (First form) +object
Examples-
  • Do I go to the market?
  • Does he go to a school?
  • Do they go to a park?
  • Does she play piano?
 

Present Continuous Tense 

This tense expresses the happening of events taking place in the present.

Assertive/ Positive Sentences
Rule- Subject + Is/am/are + Verb (First Form) + Object
Examples-
  • I am going to play.
  • He is going to school.
  • We are going to the temple.
  • They are going to the park.
Negative Sentences
Rule- Subject + is/am/are + not + Verb (first form) + ing+ Object
Examples-
  • I am not going to play.
  • He is not going to school.
  • We are not going to the temple.
  • They are not going to the park.
Interrogative Sentences
Rule- Is/am/are+ Subject+ Verb (first form) + ing+ object
Examples-
  • Am I am going to play?
  • Is he going to school?
  • Are we going to the temple?
  • Are they going to the park?
 

Present Perfect Tense 

Present Perfect Tense describes the tasks or occurrence that has recently been completed. This tense is used in repeated tasks and actions. In this tense, time is inappropriate, and activities that started in the past but are not yet completed, and will probably end in the present.

We use the Present Perfect Tense in situations like occurrences or tasks that started in the past and have persisted to the present. It also-
  • Describes a completed task
  • To express a period that has not yet concluded 
Positive Sentences
Rule- Subject+ has/have+ verb (third form) + Object
Examples-
  • She has done the homework.
  • I have attended the piano class.
  • They have completed their assignment.
  • Rohan has completed his master’s degree.
Negative Sentences
Rule- Sub + Has/have not a Verb (third form) +object
Examples-
  • She has not done the homework.
  • I have not attended the piano class.
  • They have not completed their assignment.
  • Rohan has not completed his master’s degree.
Interrogative Sentences
Rule – Has/have+ subject+ verb (third form) + object
Examples-
  • Has she done the homework?
  • Have I attended the piano class?
  • Have they completed their assignment?
  • Has Rohan completed his master’s degree?
 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense 

Present perfect continuous tense expresses the occurrence of an action that started in the past and continued to the present. It depicts or suggests an activity that is taking place now. This tense also represents the occurrence of an activity that began in the past and will continue in the future. When there is no mention of time, the present perfect continuous tense expresses a task or occurrence that started in the past and is now done or over.

This tense indicates a present tense action that is being continued. In other words, it expresses an ongoing task that has not been completed at the time of expression. We use the present perfect continuous tense when a future task is specified without depicting the time it will take place.

Moreover, when we talk about a planned or predetermined task or event that is programmed to take place at a particular time in the future and situations when an action is taking place but not essentially while we are expressing it. Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used in changing circumstances. We use adverbs such as always that indicate an often-occurring activity. 

Positive Sentences
Rule- Subject+ has/have+ been+ verb (first form) + ing+ object
Examples-
  • I have been doing my homework.
  • She has been dancing with her friends. 
  • They have been cooking the food. 
  • Olivia has been studying. 
Negative Sentences
Rule- Sub+ has/have + not + been + verb (first form) + ing+ object
Examples-
  • I have not been doing my homework.
  • She has not been dancing with her friends. 
  • They have not been cooking the food. 
  • Olivia has not been studying. 
Interrogative Sentences
Rule- Has/have+ sub+ been + verb (first form) + object
Examples-
  • Have I been doing my homework?
  • Has she been dancing with her friends?
  • Have they been cooking the food?
  • Has Olivia been studying?
Hopefully, we have helped you understand and learn Present Tense, its rules, and examples.

Where is the Present Tense used?

Simple Present Tense is also employed to express occurrences that happen regularly. Furthermore, repeated actions and Universal truths are also kept under this Tense.

What is the rule for Present Continuous Tense?

  • Positive Sentence Rule- Subject + Is/am/are + Verb (First Form) + Object
  • Negative Sentences Rule- Subject + is/am/are + not + Verb (first form) + ing+ Object
  • Interrogative Sentences Rule- Is/am/are+ Subject+ Verb (first form) + ing+ object

What is the rule for Present Perfect Tense?

  • Positive Sentence Rule- Subject+ has/have+ verb (third form) + Object 
  • Negative Sentences Rule- Subject+ has/have+ not+ verb (third form) + Object 
  • Interrogative Sentences Rule- Has/have+ subject+ verb (third form) + object

What is the rule for Present Perfect Continuous Tense?

  • Positive Sentence Rule - Subject+ has/have+ been+ verb (first form) + ing+ object
  • Negative Sentences Rule- Sub+ has/have + not + been + verb (first form) + ing+ object
  • Interrogative Sentences Rule- Has/have+ sub+ been + verb (first form) + object

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