Tenses Rules and Examples, Learn Rules and Types of All Tenses

Safalta Expert Published by: Noor Fatima Updated Tue, 11 Oct 2022 01:42 PM IST

Highlights

Here is all you need to know about Tenses Rule. Learn types, rules and examples of Tenses. 

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Tenses can be referred to as a word form that signifies the time period of the event, a task, or an incident related to the period of time. It reflects the continuation or completion of any activity or task. Whether you are studying in a school or college, preparing for any competitive exam or other English mastership exams, good command over tenses can help you score good grades. Knowledge of tenses is very important, as it is a crucial part of the English language. Whatever we speak, write, and present, we have to do it as per the rules of tenses.

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Therefore, learning the types and rules of tenses becomes crucial when it comes to learning and working on the English language. Read the complete blog to learn the types and rules for all types of Tenses. 

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Table of Content
All Tenses Rules Chart
Types of Tenses
Past Tense Rules
Simple Past Tense
Past Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Present Tense Rules
Simple Present Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Future Tense Rules
Simple Future Tense 
Future Continuous Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Tenses Rules and Applications

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In almost all the government and competitive exams, tenses are one of the most significant sections of the English section. Candidates can score good grades if they know and are well aware of the rules of tenses to avoid any mistakes. To learn and understand the tenses rules, we have tabulated the rules for all types of Tenses below.
 

All Tenses Rules Chart

Tenses Rules
Simple Past Tense Subject + V2 + Object 
Past Continuous Tense Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular)
Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural) 
Past Perfect Tense Subject + had + V3 + Object 
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object
Simple Present Tense Subject + V1 + s/es + Object (Singular) Subject + V1 + Object (Plural)
Present Continuous Tense Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object 
Present Perfect Tense Subject + has + V3 + Object (Singular) Subject + have + V3 + Object (Plural) 
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object (Singular)Subject + have been + V1 + ing + Object (Plural) 
Simple Future Tense Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object 
Future Continuous Tense Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object 
Future Perfect Tense Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object 
Future Perfect Contnuous Tense Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object  

We will now talk about each section with different types of Tenses, rules for tenses, and their examples.

Types of Tenses

There are three types of Tenses
  • Past Tense 
  • Present Tense 
  • Future Tense
These four tenses are further categorized into four more tenses-
  • Simple
  • Continuous 
  • Perfect 
  • Perfect Continuous 

Past Tense Rules

The Past Tense describes a Past activity or task. It is a type of verb that describes the tasks that have already taken place. 

For Example-
  • Rohan attended the music class.
  • She departed before I reach home.
  • Priya wrote a letter to her friends.

Simple Past Tense Rules

Subject + V2 + Object 

For Example-
  • Sheetal ate dinner.
  • I prepared for the exam.

Past Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular) Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)

For Example-
  • I was eating dinner.
  • Sia was writing a letter to the principal.

Past Perfect Tense Rules

Subject + had + V3 + Object

For Example-
  • He had taken the receipt.
  • I had washed my clothes.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object

For Example-
  • He had been standing at your gate the whole night.
  • I had been drinking plenty of water for the whole summer.

Present Tense Rules

The Present Tense describes the present events or tasks. It is a type of verb that signifies the tasks that are recently taking place. 
 

Simple Present Tense Rules

Subject + is/am/are + V1 + Object (Singular Verb s/es)

Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural Verb (V1)

For Example-
  • I go to school daily.
  • She enjoys eating fast food.
  • Rohan studies well.

Present Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular) Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)

For Example-
  • I am eating Chinese food.
  • Sia is writing a letter to her friend.

Present Perfect Tense Rules

Subject + had + V3 + Object

For Example-
  • He has taken the ticket.
  • I have brushed my teeth.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object

For Example-
  • He has been waiting for your call the whole night.
  • I have been studying for UPSC for the whole year.

Future Tense Rules

The Future Tense denotes the events and occurrences that haven’t taken place yet but will occur in the future. It is a type of verb that will take place in the future.

For Example-
  • She will attend the piano classes from tomorrow 
  • The train will depart in 20 minutes. 
  • Rohit will shift to Delhi next month.

Simple Future Tense Rules

Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object

For Example-
  • I shall go to the music class tomorrow.
  • My mother will pick me up from school. 

Future Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object

For Example-
  • He shall be preparing for the exam.
  • We will be going to Mumbai.

Future Perfect Tense Rules

Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object

For Example-
  • I shall have started exercising by that time.
  • We will have reached Kerala by then.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense Rules

Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object

For Example-
  • By next year we will be shifting to London.
  • They shall be providing food in the slum area tomorrow.

Tenses Rules and Application 

Sometimes learning and understanding the Rules and types of Tenses can be confusing. To make it easy for you, we have compiled the tenses rules and their application with the help of examples in the table below. 
Tenses Application Example
Simple Past Tense Past Events Rohan wrote a letter.
Past Continuous Tense Past events associated with occurence of other tasks Rohan was writing a letter.
Past Perfect Tense Events that occured before past events Rohan had written a letter.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past events associated with a past task Rohan had been writing a letter.
Simple Present Tense Facts and truths Rohan writes a letter. 
Present Continuous Tense Current Events Rohan is writing a letter. 
Present Perfect Tense Tasks of past and continuing or expected to be continued in present  Rohan has written a letter.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Past tasks, continued & finished in the current time Rohan has been writing a letter.
Simple Future Tense Coming Events Rohan will write a letter.
Future Continuous Tense Future occurences & are expected to go on Rohan will be writing a letter.
Future Perfect Tense Current tasks finished in the given time period in future Rohan will have written a letter.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense Actiivities continue in the future & highlighting the period Rohan will have been written a letter. 
Stay tuned for the discussion and explanation of more Class 12 English Syllabus topics with Safalta. 

What are the types of Tenses?

There are three types of Tenses; Past, Present, and Future. These are further divided into four sections; simple, Continuous,  perfect, and perfect continuous.

What is the Rule for Simple present tense?

The Rule for Simple Present Tense is Subject + V1 + s/es + Object (Singular) Subject + V1 + Object (Plural)

 

What is the Rule for Present Continuous Tense?

The Rule for Present Continuous Tense is Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object 
 

Which tense is used to describe future happenings?

Future Tense 

Which Tense describes current events or occurrences?

Simple Tense 

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