Q1. Which of the above is related to the Sarkaria commission?
- Freedom of Press in India
- Banking and Financial Sector
- Centre and State Relations
- Elections Reforms
Q2. Which of the following acts modified the Constitution to lower the voting age from 21 to 18 years?
- 62nd Amendment Act
- 59th Amendment Act
- 61st Amendment Act
- 60th Amendment Act
Q3. Which of the following is related to the 73rd Amendment to India's Constitution?
- District Boards
Q4. Which of the following can be used to launch a no-confidence motion against the Union government?
- Only Lok Sabha with the prior consent of President
- Only Lok Sabha
- Either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha
- Only Rajya Sabha
Q5. In what year did Manipur and Tripura become full-fledged Indian states?
Q6. Which of the following amendments made free and compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14 a constitutional right?
Q7. Which country signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Nazi Germany, which is currently being discussed in the news?
- Soviet Union
A1. Option C is Correct
Explanation: The Sarkaria Commission was created by the Indian government in June 1983. The charter of the Sarkaria Commission was to investigate the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in India and make recommendations within the framework of the Indian Constitution. The Commission was named after Justice Rajinder Singh Sarkaria, a retired Supreme Court of India judge who chaired it. Shri B Sivaraman and Dr SR Sen were the committee's other two members.
A2. Option C is Correct
Explanation: For Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly elections, the 61st Amendment Act of 1989 lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 years.
A3. Option B is Correct
Explanation: The Panchayati Raj System was given its current form by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment of 1992. In most states, Panchayati Raj institutions have now been formed at three levels: village, intermediate, and district. However, in States with populations of less than 20 lakh people, there are only two tiers: village and district.
A4. Option B is Correct
Explanation: The Council of Ministers is collectively accountable to the Lok Sabha, and it remains in office until it has the support of a majority of Lok Sabha members. As a result, a vote of no confidence is introduced in order to expel the council of ministers and, as a result, the government from power.
The following are the requirements for a motion of no confidence:
No-confidence motions may only be introduced in the Lok Sabha (or state legislature, as the case may be). It is not permitted in the Rajya Sabha, or state legislative council, since it is being brought against the entire Council of Ministers, not individual ministers or private members.
When it is implemented in the Lok Sabha, it will require the support of at least 50 members.
A5. Option B is Correct
Explanation: The North Eastern Area (Re-organisation) Act, 1971 declared Tripura, Manipur, and Meghalaya full-fledged Indian states on January 21, 1972.
A6. Option A is Correct
Explanation: Elementary education became a constitutional right under the Eighty-Sixth Amendment Act of 2002. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children aged six to fourteen years in such manner as the State can determine,” according to the newly added Article 21-A.
A7. Option A is Correct
Explanation: Russia has made the initial Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and its secret protocol public, eighty years after the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany concluded a non-aggression treaty separating Europe into spheres of influence. Along with the treaty, the 1938 Munich Agreement and other documents relating to the occupation of Czechoslovakia before the outbreak of WWII were also on show, indicating that the west attempted to redirect Nazi Germany's hostility against Moscow.