English For Government Exams 2022 : Topics, Syllabus, Weightage And Tips

Safalta expert Published by: Yashaswi More Updated Tue, 22 Feb 2022 10:59 AM IST


Check out the general English for competitive/Government Exams- Syllabus, Topics and Tips on how to prepare here at Safalta.com

Free Demo Classes

Register here for Free Demo Classes

Please fill the name
Please enter only 10 digit mobile number
Please select course
Please fill the email
Something went wrong!
Download App & Start Learning
Major competitive and government exams include English as a requirement. Even though the general English part is difficult, candidates with solid English fundamentals can achieve good results. As a result, this post will cover crucial general English themes for competitive tests. Candidates will receive competitive exams in English in PDF format on a variety of themes, which will include lists, rules, and general English questions and answers. Aspirants who want to apply for the various Government exams in 2021 should review the topics of general English for competitive exams, as English is a crucial part of the syllabus for the majority of these exams.

Source: Safalta.com

In addition, check out and join this English Coaching for free- click here.

Preparing for the Government Exams? Refer to the links given below-



General English Topics for Government Exams-

Because there are no formulas or strategies to know, the English component is considered the most significant and scoring section. Furthermore, when compared to other difficult sections of competitive tests, completing problems in the general English segment takes less time. The general English questions of the exam are designed to assess applicants' knowledge and understanding of basic grammar, vocabulary, and important English norms.

As a result, a few key themes in general English for competitive exams are listed below to aid candidates in their preparations.

-Rules For Tenses 
-Rules For Prepositions 
-List of Prepositions
-Rules and List of Conjunctions 
-Active And Passive Voice Rules
-List of One Word Substitutions
-List of Homophones/Homonyms
-List of Synonyms and Antonyms
-Idioms And Phrases
-Spotting the Error
-Reading Comprehension
-Cloze Test
-Letter Writing Format
-Precis Writing
-Sentence Correction Questions
-Adjective Degree Of Comparison Rules
-Article Rules
-Direct & Indirect Speech Rules
-Sentence Rearrangement & Para jumbles

Also Check | Informal Letter Format

Candidates should bookmark this page since we will continue to add fresh general English topics for competitive exams to the list above. Candidates studying for various competitive tests should be familiar with the most popular and perplexing words, as well as their definitions, as these are commonly questioned in the English component of the exams. Check out the following list:

1. Difference Between Besides and Beside    
2. Difference Between Center and Centre
3. Difference Between Yolk and Yoke
4. Difference between Rain, Reign and Rein
5. Difference Between Principal and Principle    
6. Difference Between Subject And Predicate
7. Difference Between Program and Programme
8. Difference Between Fair and Fare
9. Difference Between Award and Reward    
10. Difference Between Precis and Summary
11. Difference Between Affect and Effect
12. Difference Between Phrase and Clause


Syllabus for Government Exams in General English

Synonyms and antonyms, fill in the blanks, cloze test, reading comprehension, para-jumbles, error spotting, and other topics are covered in the English Syllabus for competitive exams. Candidates must have strong vocabulary, grammar, and communication skills in order to pass the general English component of numerous government tests. As a result, it is critical to keep up to date with the full English syllabus in order to study for competitive tests and achieve good results.

The following are some of the general English syllabus topics that are covered in almost all competitive exams –

English Syllabus For Competitive Exams


Synonyms And Antonyms, Homonyms

Spelling Test/Cloze Test

Fill in the Blanks

Idioms & Phrases

One Word Substitution

Sentence or Phrase Improvement

Word Association


Active and Passive Voice

Direct & Indirect Speech

Fill in Blanks – Conjunction, Preposition, Tenses, etc.

Sentence Correction/Error Spotting

Multiple Meaning

Rearrangement of Sentences

Para Jumbles/ Jumbled Sentence

Paragraph Completion


Reading Comprehension


Essay Writing/ Letter Writing/ Precis Writing

For the best preparation, candidates can check the syllabus of different Government Exams-
RBI Assistant Syllabus
SSC CHSL Syllabus
SBI PO Syllabus
RRB Exam Syllabus


English Weightage in Different Government Exams

SSC CGL English Weightage

English weightage in SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam
Topic Que. Level Type
Reading comprehension 5 Scoring Passage given and you have to solve them
Fill in the blanks 0-5 Scoring Mixture of vocabulary and grammar based questions
Spelling 0-3 Scoring Choose the misspelled word or correct spelling
Phrase or idiom meaning 0-2 moderate Choose the meaning of a phrase or a idiom
One word substitution 0-2 scoring Substitute one word
Phrase replacement or sentence correction 0-2 scoring Correct the sentence
Error spotting 0-3 scoring Correct the error, find the error in prepositions, tenses, grammar

Special Tips for SSC CGL English Section:

  1. Follow ‘The Hindu’ newspaper religiously (2 editorials only)
  2. Find meaning of the word you find difficult
  3. Keep a separate book to write vocabulary and try to make sentence from that word
  4. Keep revising the words till exam
  5. Practice as much as you can from Kiran Publication Book

Let’s discuss the topics to cover for the tier II English paper:

Keep major focus on these topics to score high in English section:

  • Reading comprehension
  • Error spotting
  • Spelling
  • One word substitution
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Phrase or idiom meaning
  • Phrase replacement/sentence correction

SC CGL Syllabus For English for Tier 3

The mode of the SSC CGL Tier 3 examination will be offline mode (Descriptive paper). You have to attempt the descriptive paper in the SSC tier III examination. The language of the paper will be either in English or Hindi. The time allotted for the examination will be 60 minutes and it will carry 100 marks exam.

Syllabus of SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam :

  • Essay writing
  • Formal letter writing
  • Informal letter writing


  • The time allotted is 60 minutes and to the handicapped candidate will be 80 minutes
  • The SSC CGL Tier 3 examination is important as its marks will also be considered in calculating merit list.

RBI Assistant Preliminary Exam Pattern 2022- See the weightage of English language

  1. There will be 100 questions from 3 sections; English language, Numerical Ability and Reasoning Ability
  2. The time duration of the RBI Assistant Prelims Exam is 60 minutes (each section for 20 minutes).
  3. There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each incorrect answer, no deduction for unanswered questions.
  4. The questions will be of Objective type
  5. Except for English Language, other sections will be in English and Hindi.
  6. The marks of the Prelims Exam will not be counted in the merit list, as the Prelims exam is qualifying in nature.
Sections No. of Questions Maximum Marks Duration
English Language 30 30 20 minutes
Numerical Ability 35 35 20 minutes
Reasoning Ability 35 35 20 minutes
Total 100 100 60 minutes

English Language Syllabus

The questions in the English section will be asked from the below topics. The candidate must have the proper knowledge of tenses to score good marks in this section. Building a habit of reading newspapers and magazines daily would be of great help.

  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Synonyms
  3. Antonyms
  4. Sentence Correction
  5. Word Meanings
  6. Cloze Test
  7. One Word Substitution
  8. Sentence Rearrangement
  9. Sentence Completion
  10. Phrases
  11. Active & Passive Voice

SBI PO Prelims English Language Weightage

Based on the analysis of last year, the overall level of the English section is expected to be Moderate. Below you can check out the SBI PO Prelims syllabus for the English Language along with the weightage based on the previous year's analysis.

Please note that all the below-mentioned topics might not necessarily be asked in the exam.

S. No.

Name of the Topics

Expected number of Questions


Reading Comprehension

7-10 Questions


Cloze test

5-10 Questions


Spotting errors

5-10 Questions


Para Jumble

4-5 Questions


Sentence Improvement

5-8 Questions


Fill in the blanks

5-7 Questions


Vocabulary-based Questions

4-5 Questions


Sentence Connectors

3-4 Questions


Sentence Completion 3-3 Questions

1. Reading Comprehension 

  • The passages for Reading Comprehension will most likely be based on economics or social issues economy
  • Try to go through the articles of ‘The Economist’ since most of the passages last year were picked from this newspaper

2. Cloze Test 

  • Have a thorough practice of the new pattern based Cloze Test questions
  • The passages will most likely be based on the socio-economic theme. 

3. Spotting Errors

  • A lot of changes were introduced in the spotting error-based questions last year
  • Familiarize yourself with all such new changes introduced and make sure that you practice questions based on them thoroughly

4. Para-Jumble 

  • Under these questions, usually, a set of 4-5 sentences is provided (where the first sentence may or may not be fixed) and the candidate are required to ascertain the correct sequence of those sentences so that they form a coherent passage
  • With clear basics and ample practice, arranging such jumbled sentences to form a meaningful passage becomes easy

5. Sentence Improvement 

  • Under sentence improvement, usually, a word(s)/ part(s) of the sentence is given in bold and one needs to identify the correct option, which can be used to replace them in the sentence. 
  • Again, with proper knowledge of grammar rules and sufficient practice, one can easily manage to attempt these questions. 

6. Fill in the Blanks

  • Fill in the blank based questions may be asked in multiple ways:
    (a) Single/ Double/ Triple filler
    (b) Fill same word(s) in multiple sentences
  • With a decent vocabulary and good enough practice, one can score good marks in this topic. 

7. Vocabulary-based Questions 

  • Vocabulary segment may include Idiom-Phrase based questions or Synonyms-Antonyms
  • Either way, one must have a good hold over vocabulary to attempt them

8. Sentence Connector 

  • 3 connectors were given. You had to identify which connector is most appropriate

9. Sentence Completion 

  • You have to choose the sentence from the given options which will complete the given sentence

10. Sentence Formation 

  • In this, you are required to form a sentence based on the data and instructions given

11. Match the column

  • This was introduced as a new question type in the 2019 paper. In this, there are two columns. Candidates are required to match the columns as per the instructions given.


Tips For General English Preparation

  1. Building vocabulary: This contributes the most to ace the English language section of competitive exams. Learn new words every day and use them in daily conversation to remember them for a longer time period. Make use of flashcards for vocabulary building. Nowadays, many mobile applications for online flashcards have gained popularity, download and use them to memorize new words.
  2. Strong Grammar Basics: Brush up and strengthen basic English grammar essentials such as noun, verb, pronoun, tenses, prepositions, conjunctions, degree of comparison, etc. Go through English grammar tests and guides, use English books like Wren and Martin to prepare. Practise exercises on tenses and active-passive voices, etc on a daily basis. Take up writing tasks, form meaningful sentences, analyse mistakes and improve.
  3. Improve comprehension skills: Practise reading comprehension daily, identify the manner of the paragraph and read the starting and last paragraph thoroughly, two times. Note down major points while reading to remember and carefully go through the questions to recognise and find the answer easily. 
  4. Reading newspapers and magazines – Daily habits of going through important newspapers and magazines will help improve grammar and vocabulary. Analyze the formation of sentences, note down new words and learn their meanings. With all this, you will simultaneously prepare for general awareness and current affairs as well. 
  5. Error spotting is difficult as you cannot remember all the grammar rules, therefore with serious reading habits, you will intuitively get to know the error in the sentence. Similarly, sentence formation is also built up with reading exercise.

Watch this video if you wish to know more about English Skills And Job and Interview Skills-


Free Demo Classes

Register here for Free Demo Classes

Trending Courses

Master Certification in Digital Marketing  Programme (Batch-11)
Master Certification in Digital Marketing Programme (Batch-11)

Now at just ₹ 64999 ₹ 12500048% off

Professional Certification Programme in Digital Marketing (Batch-4)
Professional Certification Programme in Digital Marketing (Batch-4)

Now at just ₹ 49999 ₹ 12500060% off

Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing Online Programme (Batch-21)
Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing Online Programme (Batch-21)

Now at just ₹ 24999 ₹ 4999950% off

Advance Certification In Graphic Design  Programme  (Batch-8) : 100 Hours Live Interactive Classes
Advance Certification In Graphic Design Programme (Batch-8) : 100 Hours Live Interactive Classes

Now at just ₹ 15999 ₹ 2999947% off

Flipkart Hot Selling Course in 2024
Flipkart Hot Selling Course in 2024

Now at just ₹ 10000 ₹ 3000067% off

Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing Classroom Programme (Batch-3)
Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing Classroom Programme (Batch-3)

Now at just ₹ 29999 ₹ 9999970% off

Basic Digital Marketing Course (Batch-24): 50 Hours Live+ Recorded Classes!
Basic Digital Marketing Course (Batch-24): 50 Hours Live+ Recorded Classes!

Now at just ₹ 1499 ₹ 999985% off

WhatsApp Business Marketing Course
WhatsApp Business Marketing Course

Now at just ₹ 599 ₹ 159963% off

Advance Excel Course
Advance Excel Course

Now at just ₹ 2499 ₹ 800069% off