Hindi Alphabets, Varnamala, vowel and Consonants, Check here!

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Fri, 11 Nov 2022 08:55 AM IST


In comparison to English alphabets, learning the Hindi alphabet, or Hindi Varnamala, is relatively challenging. Read here about Hindi Varmala .

Hindi Varnamala: The Hindi Varnamala has 26 letters which are the basic sounds of the language. Without knowing these letters of Hindi Varnamala you cannot learn to speak the language. After learning these letters and their sounds, you can learn the grammar of the language. Thereafter you can try framing sentences and speaking in Hindi. Here we have mentioned all the letters of Hindi Varnamala to make the learning process easier for you. If you are looking for your school online coaching, or looking for expert guidance, you can join Safalta's Online School Coaching Program- Here.

General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: Download Here Attempt Free Mock Tests- Click Here

Table of Content

Hindi at a look

India makes extensive use of Hindi (Hindi), an Indo-Aryan language.

Free Demo Classes

Register here for Free Demo Classes

Please fill the name
Please enter only 10 digit mobile number
Please select course
Please fill the email
Something went wrong!
Download App & Start Learning
Hindi is one of India's two official languages, along with English. It is spoken by around 498 million people around the world and is written in the Devanagari script. Here's a quick summary:

Pronunciation: [`ɦɪndiː]
Native Name: Hindi (हिन्दी)
Number of Speakers: 490 million
Language family: Indo-European
First Written: 4th century AD
Writing System: Devanagari Script (देवनागरी)
Spoken in: Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Status: Official language of the Government of India; Official Language of Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.
Two digit language code:

Hindi Alphabet

In contrast to English, Hindi also divides its alphabet into vowels (स्वर)  and consonants(व्यंजन).. This section has covered the entire Hindi Varnamala as well as its categorization. The Hindi Aksarhmala, also known as the Hindi Alphabet Chart, has been individually discussed and consists of 13 vowels and 36 consonants.

Hindi Consonants (व्यंजन)

They are referred to as "vyanjan(व्यंजन)`" in Hindi. The basic form of these words is typically thought to be a consonant spoken with an inherent "a" sound. 36 consonant letters are listed below, along with their pronunciations.

हिंदी वर्णमाला- व्यंजन





Hindi Alphabet- Vowel (स्वर)

The table given consists of Vowel (स्वर)

हिंदी वर्णमाला- स्वर







Hindi Alphabet- Dependent Vowels (आश्रित स्वर )

The table given consists of Dependent Vowels (आश्रित स्वर )

हिंदी वर्णमाला- मात्राएँ



Hindi Varnamal Chart

Make sure your child memorises the Hindi alphabet on their fingers and learns the entire Hindi Varnamala Chart for all of the Hindi letters from the image below. Try having them sing the chart; it will be simple for them to memorise.

Interesting Hindi-related information

  • Hindi Letters Chart has 36 consonants and 13 vowels. 
  • Including India and other nations, Hindi is the fourth most widely used language in the world. 
  • Hindi is spoken by more than 435 million people worldwide. 
  • Aside from English, Hindi is the official language of India. 
  • Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand all have Hindi as their official language. 
  • Other nations that speak Hindi include Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, and Suriname.

Tips to learn Hindi Varmala for kids

Persistence and patience are necessary to learn any new language. Use studying tools to help your youngster become well-versed in the Hindi alphabet.
Here are 4 strategies for helping your kid learn the Hindi alphabet quickly:

1. Establish a learning pace. 
Some kids pick things up quickly, while others need more time. Give your kid permission to study a few alphabets every day. As they progress in their study, gradually increase the amount of alphabets.

2. Graph on a white or chalkboard. 
On a whiteboard or blackboard, scribble words and short sentences with unfinished clauses. Allow your kid to complete the blanks. To make learning pleasant, use illustrations and coloured chalks or markers.

3 . Enjoyable action terms 
Children are typically quite active. Allow children to carry out the action as they learn the alphabet through action words. Your youngster might, for instance, carry out the action while reciting the alphabet in words like "walk," "run," "feed," etc. You can combine it with other teaching strategies as well.

4 . Games for letters 
With your child, do alphabet games. You can make your own entertaining puzzles if you don't want to use internet educational games. Make a maze game, for instance, in which letters must navigate their way to corresponding images.

Who is the father of the Hindi?

Bhartendu Harishchandra

हिंदी में कुल कितने व्यंजन है?

कुल 39 व्यंजन हैं, जिसमें 33 व्यंजन मानक हिंदी व्यंजन हैं, चार संयुक्त व्यंजन (क्ष, त्र, ज्ञ, श्र ) हैं और दो उत्क्षिप्त व्यंजन हैं।

हिन्दी वर्णमाला में कितने वर्ण होते हैं?

44 वर्ण

Free E Books