Kheda Satyagraha, Know everything about Kheda Satyagraha here!

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Mon, 21 Nov 2022 12:20 AM IST

Highlights

Check all the details about Kheda Satyagraha here. Know the important events and personalities here.

Kheda Satyagraha:  The struggles like Kheda, Champaran and Ahemedabd marked the entry of Mahatma Gandhi into the national movement for Independence. These three movements have a glimpse of the Gandhian form of struggle. The Kheda Village Located in the Bardoli District became the first successful full example of Non-Cooperation, where the peasants under Gandi Ji refused to pay enhanced rents of 23%. The movement involved non-paying of enhanced rents, paying the just amount, and refusing to do begaar and hali.  The impact of Kheda was felt across the Nation and the British Governmnet has to set up a committee to look into the excess and revise rent.. The candidates aspiring for the examination must be aware of the KhedaSatyagrah and all the details related to the national movement for Independence. 


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Table of content

What is Kheda Satyagraha ?

Farmers in Gujarat's Kheda district were struggling as a result of crop failure. The administration insisted on keeping all land revenue and wouldn't send any of it to the government. Mahatma Gandhi recommended the peasants to hold off on paying revenue until their request for its remission was approved as part of the experiment. When it was learned that the administration had been instructed to only collect taxes from peasants who could pay it, the disagreement was resolved.

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After the Kheda agitation, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel left and went with Gandhiji.

Features of Kheda Satyagraha 

  • 1918's drought caused the Kheda area of Gujarat's crops to fail. 
  • Farmers had a right to remission under the Revenue Code if the harvest was less than one-fourth of the customary yield. 
  • The top provincial legislative body received a petition from the peasant-dominated Gujarat Sabha asking them to postpone the 1919 revenue assessment. 
  • On the other side, the government persisted and vowed to confiscate the farmers' assets if the taxes weren't paid. 
  • Gandhi requested that the farmers forgo paying taxes. Gandhi, though, acted primarily as the movement's spiritual leader.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and several other enthusiastic Gandhians, such as Narahari Parikh, Mohanlal Pandya, and Ravi Shankar Vyas, organised the villagers as they travelled through the villages, gave them directives, and supplied the crucial political leadership. Patel and his coworkers organised the tax revolt with the assistance of the numerous castes and ethnicities that make up Kheda. 
  • The insurrection was well known for its commitment to coherence and discipline. 
  • Even when the government stole their land, possessions, and means of subsistence due to unpaid taxes, the vast majority of farmers in Kheda remained with Sardar Patel. 
  • Protecting the families and possessions of the protesting peasants was a contribution made by Gujaratis from other parts of the state who supported the rebellion.
  • Indians who made an attempt to buy the seized land were socially rejected. 
    The government finally made an effort to negotiate with the farmers. It consented to minimise the rate rise, postpone the tax for the current year and the following year, and return all confiscated property.
The movement's greatest accomplishments were its nonviolent stance, the education of peasants regarding their rights, and the community's persistent adherence to its call for a tax holiday that year. The conflict at Kheda led to a fresh upsurge of peasant awakening. They came to the realisation that until their nation obtained full independence, they would not be free from unfairness and exploitation.

What was the reason for the Kheda Satyagraha?

After the area was devastated by starvation, cholera, and plague, which ruined the agrarian economy, Sardar Patel launched the Kheda Satyagraha. The Bombay Presidency hiked taxes by 23% in 1917–18 despite a cholera outbreak that resulted in a large number of deaths.

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