know about the largest dam in India and its uses

Safalta expert Published by: Saumya Sahoo Updated Thu, 25 Aug 2022 03:07 PM IST

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Dams are the hydraulic structure of fairly impervious material built across a river to create a reservoir on its upstream side for impounding water for various purposes. Dams are generally constructed in the mountain's reach of the river where the valley is narrow and the foundation is good. A hydropower station is also constructed at or near the dam site to develop hydropower. Humanshaves have been harnessing the power of water for thousands of years. The potential energy of water has been used to drive mills, rotate pumps, and for numerous other applications.

Source: safalta

However, converting the potential energy of water to electrical energy is a relatively new concept. If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: https://www.safalta.com/general-awareness-free-e-book

Table of content

#Largest dam in India  
#History of the Bakula-Nangar Dam
#characteristic of the dam
#How the Bakula Dam is managed
#Use of Bakula Dam

The largest dam in India  

Bakula Nangar Dam is the largest dam in Asia and is located on the border of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. At approximately 207.26 meters high and with a span of 168.35 km, it is India's tallest straight gravity dam. Bhakra Nangal Dam is 518.25 meters (1,700 feet) long and about 9.1 meters (30 feet) wide. On 22nd October 2013, the Government of India approved the issuance of a stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Dam. This is because it was the only dam capable of producing 1500 MW of electricity during this period.

History of the Bakula-Nangar Dam

The Bakula-Nangar Dam is one of the earliest river basin development programs undertaken after India's independence. The project was signed in November 1944 by the then Punjab Finance Minister Lord Choturam with His Majesty King Biraspur and was completed on January 8, 1945. The construction of the multi-purpose dam was originally started in 1984 by then-Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Lewis Dane. However, it was postponed and resumed after becoming independent under chief architect Rai Bahadur Kunwar Sen Gupta. The Dam was completed in his 1963 and dedicated to the nation by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Characteristics of Dam

Bhakra Dam will be constructed on the Sutlej River. This is the second tallest dam in Asia with a height of about 207.26 meters, after the Terry Dam, which is about 261 meters high. The Tehri Dam is also located in Uttarakhand, India. His Gobind Sagar Reservoir at Dam can hold up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water, enough to flood all of Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab, and parts of Delhi. Govind Sagar is a reservoir 88 km long and 8 km wide. The reservoir is named after Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of the Sikh community. This dam is the second largest reservoir in India after the Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh.

How the Bakula Dam is managed

 An agency called the Bakula Management Board (BMB) is responsible for the management, maintenance, and operation of the dam. The Administrative Agency was established in 1966 and commenced operations on October 1, 1967. The members of the Board of Directors are appointed by the Government of India and the states of Punjab, Haryana,
  Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Chandigarh. The Bakula Commission was renamed the Bacula Beas Commission on 15 May 1976 and also managed the Beas river dam. The Bhakra Beas. The commission is responsible for the regulation and operation of the Bhakra Dam, Dehar Hydropower Project, Pong Dam, Ganguwal, and Kotla Power Stations.

Use of Bakula Dam

Irrigation: The main uses of dams are irrigation and rainwater harvesting. The dam supplies irrigation water to the states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh. Electricity: Water from the Bakula Dam is also used to power the states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh. There are 10 hydro generators on each side. The generators in the left power plant were basically supplied by Hitachi in Japan and upgraded to the current capacity by Sumitomo, Hitachi, and Andritz.  The left generator was supplied by the Soviet Union and later upgraded to its current capacity by Russia. The total output of both power plants is 1325 MW. The capacity of the left power plant is 3* 108 MW and the capacity of the right power plant is 5* 157 MW tourism: Bakula Dam is also a major tourist attraction. The location also offers the opportunity to try water sports on Lake Govind, an artificial lake formed in the Sutlej River. Tourists can also experience a jungle safari, visit a nearby wildlife sanctuary and visit the  Naina Devi Temple.

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