know about the largest dam in India and its uses

Safalta expert Published by: Saumya Sahoo Updated Thu, 25 Aug 2022 03:07 PM IST

Dams are the hydraulic structure of fairly impervious material built across a river to create a reservoir on its upstream side for impounding water for various purposes. Dams are generally constructed in the mountain's reach of the river where the valley is narrow and the foundation is good. A hydropower station is also constructed at or near the dam site to develop hydropower. Humanshaves have been harnessing the power of water for thousands of years. The potential energy of water has been used to drive mills, rotate pumps, and for numerous other applications. However, converting the potential energy of water to electrical energy is a relatively new concept. If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF:

Table of content

#Largest dam in India  
#History of the Bakula-Nangar Dam
#characteristic of the dam
#How the Bakula Dam is managed
#Use of Bakula Dam

The largest dam in India  

Bakula Nangar Dam is the largest dam in Asia and is located on the border of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. At approximately 207.26 meters high and with a span of 168.35 km, it is India's tallest straight gravity dam. Bhakra Nangal Dam is 518.25 meters (1,700 feet) long and about 9.1 meters (30 feet) wide.

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On 22nd October 2013, the Government of India approved the issuance of a stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Dam. This is because it was the only dam capable of producing 1500 MW of electricity during this period.

History of the Bakula-Nangar Dam

The Bakula-Nangar Dam is one of the earliest river basin development programs undertaken after India's independence. The project was signed in November 1944 by the then Punjab Finance Minister Lord Choturam with His Majesty King Biraspur and was completed on January 8, 1945. The construction of the multi-purpose dam was originally started in 1984 by then-Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Lewis Dane. However, it was postponed and resumed after becoming independent under chief architect Rai Bahadur Kunwar Sen Gupta. The Dam was completed in his 1963 and dedicated to the nation by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Characteristics of Dam

Bhakra Dam will be constructed on the Sutlej River. This is the second tallest dam in Asia with a height of about 207.26 meters, after the Terry Dam, which is about 261 meters high. The Tehri Dam is also located in Uttarakhand, India. His Gobind Sagar Reservoir at Dam can hold up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water, enough to flood all of Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab, and parts of Delhi. Govind Sagar is a reservoir 88 km long and 8 km wide. The reservoir is named after Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of the Sikh community. This dam is the second largest reservoir in India after the Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh.

How the Bakula Dam is managed

 An agency called the Bakula Management Board (BMB) is responsible for the management, maintenance, and operation of the dam. The Administrative Agency was established in 1966 and commenced operations on October 1, 1967. The members of the Board of Directors are appointed by the Government of India and the states of Punjab, Haryana,

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