Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honor endowed by the Union of India and is conferred upon distinctive personalities from various fields. Bharat Ratna was first instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. Each year a maximum of 3 awards can be given by the President Of India. The names of the final awardees are selected by a committee Headed By the Prime Minister of India. Since 1954, Bharat Ratna Award has been presented to 45 individuals including
12 who were granted posthumous awards. The awards have also been suspended twice since 1954. The latest recipients of the Bharat Ratna in 2019 are social activist Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), singer-music director Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously), and former President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. Read this article to know the complete list of Bharat Ratana Awardees here with Safalta. If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our monthly FREE Current Affairs Ebook- Download Now
List Of Bharat Ratna Awardees
- Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954.
- Eligibility: Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards.
- There is no written provision that Bharat Ratna should be awarded to Indian citizens only.
- It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.
- In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the expression in their biodata/letterhead/visiting card etc. to indicate that he/she is a recipient of the award.
Let us now look at the list of the Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1954 t0 2021:
- Nanaji Deshmukh
- Bhupen Hazarika
- Pranab Mukherjee
- Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
- Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (Posthumous)
- Shri Sachin Tendulkar
- Professor C. N. R. Rao
- Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
- Ustad Bismillah Khan
- Sushri Lata Mangeshkar
- Pandit Ravi Shankar
- Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
- Professor Amartya Sen
- Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)
- Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
- Smt M.S. Subbulakshmi
- Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
- Smt Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
- Shri Gulzarilal Nanda
- Shri Satyajit Ray
- Shri J.R.D Tata
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)
- Shri Morarji Desai
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
- Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)
- Nelson Mandela
- Dr B.R Ambedkar
- Shri M.G Ramachandran
- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
- Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave
- Mother Teresa
- Shri K. Kamaraj (Posthumous)
- Shri V.V Giri
- Smt Indira Gandhi
- Shri Lal Bahadur Shashtri (Posthumous)
- Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane
- Dr. Zakir Husain
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad
- Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
- Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
- Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve
- Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
- Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
- Dr. M Visvesvaraya
- Dr. Bhagwan Das
- Dr. C.V Raman
- Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
- Shri C. Rajagopalachari
UPSC 2021 Question on Bharat Ratna.
In the recent examination for UPSC CSE civil services, the question was directly based on concepts around the award and Article 18 of the Indian Constitution. The question was a follows:
Consider the following statements in respect of Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards:
1. Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards are titles under the Article 18(1) of the Constitution of India.
2. Padma Awards, which were instituted in the year 1954, were suspended only once.
3. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of five in a particular year. Three (See screenshot)
Which of the above statements are not correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3