British Administration In India over a span of 200 years of colonial history went through a number of changes and amendments. The epitome of power and authority in British Set up was concentrated in the office of the Viceroy. The viceroys had a distinct and often decisive impact on the Policies of the British Goverenment. As the face of the British Government, the Viceroy acted as the link between the British Queen and India. The Viceroy was originally designated as the Governor-General Of India. The Act Of Good Governance Of 1858 designated Goverenor- General of India as Viceroys. The act enhanced the prestige if not the power of the Governor-General as Viceroy. In this space, we have covered the List Of Viceroys of India beginning with Lord Canning, the List Of Viceroys is essential for all sorts of examinations. The viceroys and the policies are important for all the examinations. If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our monthly FREE Current Affairs Ebook- Download Now
List Of Viceroys
- Revolt of 1857
- Establishment of three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857
- Abolition of East India Company and transfer of control to the Crown by the Government of India Act, 1858
- Indian Councils Act of 1861
||1862 – 1863
||1864 – 1869
- Establishment of High court in Calcutta, Madras during his reign.
- Anglo-Bhutanese war
||1869 – 1872
- Financial Distribution between centre and state introduced for the first time
- First Census in 1872
- Mayo College for the royal elite was set up
- Lord Mayo was the only Governor-General who was killed in India. He was killed by Sher Ali Afridi in Port Blair
- Establishment of Statistical Survey of India
||1872 – 1876
- Civil Marriage and Arya Samaj marriage introduced
- Universal Marriage Act introduced in 1872
- Intercaste Marriage allowed
- Kuka Movement in Punjab
||1876 – 1880
- Vernacular Press Act, 1878
- Arms Act, 1878
- Nationalist view – Due to High rate of taxation purchasing power had reduced.
- Government view – Drought is natural phenomena due to which people became poor
- Ignored severe famine and organized durbar. Proclaimed Queen Victoria “The Empress of India”
- Abolished tax on cotton for British traders
- Maximum age to take up civil services exam lowered from 21 to 19
||1880 – 1884
- Was the most loved Governor-General
- Repealed the controversial Arms and Vernacular press act
- Set up Local self-governments – Panchayats and Municipal Boards due to which he was known as Father of Self Government
- 2 new universities opened – Punjab University 1884, Allahabad University 1887
- Illbert Bill – Indian judge cannot try English Judge
- Appointment of Hunter Commission
||1884 – 1888
- III Anglo-‐Burmese war (1885-‐1886)
- Indian National Congress was founded in 1885
||1888 – 1894
- Indian Councils Act, 1892 (Indirect election was introduced for the first time)
- Factory Act, 1891
|Lord Elgin II
||1894 – 1899
- First British Officer called Rands was killed.
- He was killed by Chapekar (Ramkrishna & Damodar) Brothers. This was the first political murder.
||1899 – 1905
- Indian Universities act – to control Indian Universities
- Raleigh Commission
- Partition of Bengal
- Curzon-Kitchener controversy
|Lord Minto II
||1905 – 1910
|Lord Hardinge II
||1910 – 1916
- Mesopotamian Campaign
- Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi
- Hindu Mahasabha was established by Madan Mohan Malaviya
||1916 – 1921
- Home Rule League Movements
- Rowlatt Act was passed
- Montague – Chelmsford reform was passed
||1921 – 1926
- Swaraj Party was formed
- Chauri – Chaura incident took place
||1926 – 1931
- Launch of civil disobedience movement and Dandi march
- First round table conference was held
||1931 – 1936
- Second & Third Round Table Conference
- Poona pact was signed
- Communal award was started
||1936 – 1944
- Cripps Mission
- Quit India movement
||1944 – 1947
- CR Formula 1944
- Launch of Direct Action day
- Wavell Plan & Shimla conference
- June 3rd Plan
- Last Viceroy and First Governor-General of free India
List Of Viceroys - FAQ
Q1. Who was the first Viceroy of India?
A1. The first viceroys of India was Lord Canning.
Q2. Who was the last British Viceroy of India?
A2. The last Viceroy of India was Lord Mountbatten.
Q3. Which act designated Governor-General as Viceroy?
A3. The Act Of Good Governance 1958 designated Governor-General as Viceroy.
Q4. What is the immediate cause for the Act Of Good Governance 1958?
A4. The Revolt Of 1957 or the First War Of Independence was the immediate cause for the Act Of Good Governance 1958.