Perimeter- Meaning, Formula & Calculation

Safalta expert Published by: Yashaswi More Updated Fri, 26 Aug 2022 11:38 PM IST

Highlights

Check out the meaning, formula and calculations relating to perimeter here at Safalta.com

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The area encircling a two-dimensional figure is known as its perimeter. Whether it is a triangle, square, rectangle, or circle, it specifies the length of the shape. The two primary characteristics of a 2D shape are area and perimeter. Each form has a different perimeter depending on its measurements. The perimeter is only ever stated as the circle's diameter when referring to a circle.

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But we must add all of the sides of each polygon to determine its perimeter, which is the same for all polygons. Join Safalta School Online and prepare for Board Exams under the guidance of our expert faculty. Our online school aims to help students prepare for Board Exams by ensuring that students have conceptual clarity in all the subjects and are able to score their maximum in the exams.

If we need to calculate the length of a circular or rectangular field, then with the help of the perimeter formula we can easily find it, given the dimensions. Let us learn here formula to find perimeter for all the two-dimensional shapes.

Table of content

Perimeter Meaning

The perimeter of any two-dimensional closed shape is the total distance around it. Perimeter is the sum of all the sides of a polygon, such as:

  • Perimeter of square = Sum of all four sides
  • Perimeter of rectangle = Sum of all four sides
  • Perimeter of triangle = Sum of all three sides
 

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Formula

Here is the list of formulas of the perimeter for all the 2d-shapes.

 

Name of the Shape Perimeter Formula
Circle 2πr
Triangle a+b+c, where a,b and c are the sides of triangle
Square 4a, where a is the length of side of square
Rectangle 2(L+B), where L is length and B is breadth
Quadrilateral Sum of all four sides: a+b+c+d
Parallelogram 2(a+b), where a and b are adjacent sides
Any Polygon Sum of all the sides
Regular Polygon 2nR sin (180°/n), where n is the number of sides and R is the circumradius (distance from the center to one of the vertices of the polygon)
 

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How to Find Perimeter

There are different ways to find the perimeter of a given shape apart from the formulas given above. We can use a ruler to measure the length of the sides of a small regular shape such as square, rectangle, parallelogram, etc. The perimeter will be obtained by adding the measurements of the sides/edges of the shape. 

We can use a string or thread for small irregular shapes. In this case, place either a string or thread precisely along the figure’s boundary once. The total length of the string used along the border of the shape is its perimeter.

 

Perimeter Units

Units are essential while representing the parameters of any geometric figure. For example, the length of a line segment measured is 10 cm or 10 m, here cm and m represent the units of measurement of the length. Similarly, the units for perimeter are the same as for the length of the sides or given parameter. If the length of the side of a square is given cm, then the units for perimeter will be in cm. There is another case, where the dimensions are given in two different units such as length of a rectangle in ft and breadth in inches, then units for the perimeter of a rectangle will be ft, for this we need to convert both the measurements into ft.

We will solve here some of the example questions to understand how to find the perimeter of different shapes.



 

Examples

 

Question.1: What is the perimeter of an equilateral triangle whose side length is 7 cm?

Solution: Given, length of the side of equilateral triangle is 7 cm

As we know, the equilateral triangle has all its sides equal in length.

Therefore,

Perimeter of triangle = a+b+c

Here,

a = b = c

Therefore,

Perimeter = 3a

P = 3 x 7 = 21 cm

 

Question 2: If the length of parallel sides of a parallelogram is 8 cm and 11 cm, respectively, then find its perimeter.

Solution:

Given,

Length of parallel sides of a parallelogram is 8 cm and 11 cm, respectively.

By the formula of perimeter, we know;

Perimeter of Parallelogram = 2(a+b)

P = 2 (8 + 11)

P = 2 x 19

P = 38 cm

Therefore, the perimeter of a given parallelogram is 38 cm.
 

Question 3: If the radius of a circle is 21 cm, then find its perimeter.

Solution: Given,

Radius of circle = 21 cm

We know,

Perimeter of circle = Circumference of circle = 2πr

Therefore,

Circumference = 2 × 22/7 × 21

= 2 × 22 × 3

= 132 cm

Therefore, the perimeter of circle here is equal to 21 cm.

 

Question 4: A regular pentagon of side 3 cm is given. Find its perimeter.

Solution: Given, length of the side of regular pentagon = 3 cm

As we know, a regular pentagon will have all its 5 sides equal.

Hence,

Perimeter of regular pentagon = 5a, where a is the side length

Perimeter = 5 × 3

= 15 cm

Therefore, the answer is 15 cm here.

How do you find the perimeter?

The perimeter is the length of the outline of a shape. To find the perimeter of a rectangle or square you have to add the lengths of all the four sides. x is in this case the length of the rectangle while y is the width of the rectangle.

What is perimeter example?

The perimeter is the distance around the object. For example, your house has a fenced yard. The perimeter is the length of the fence. If the yard is 50 ft × 50 ft your fence is 200 ft long.

What is perimeter and its formula?

The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is often written as P = 2l + 2w, where l is the length of the rectangle and w is the width of the rectangle. Area of Parallelograms. The area of a two-dimensional figure describes the amount of surface the shape covers. You measure area in square units of a fixed size.

How do you get the perimeter of a rectangle?

The perimeter of a rectangle is the total length of all the sides of the rectangle. Hence, we can find the perimeter by adding all four sides of a rectangle. Perimeter of the given rectangle is a + b + a + b.

What is area perimeter?

The goal of this lesson is to help you understand the difference between area and perimeter. In simplest terms: area is the amount of space inside a shape, and perimeter is the distance around the outside of the shape.

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