What is Automation Testing? Definition, Types And Uses

Safalta Expert Published by: Aryan Rana Updated Thu, 22 Sep 2022 12:05 AM IST


Automation testing is a technique for evaluating software products utilising specialised testing tools and frameworks to reduce human participation and maximise quality. Automation software manages the execution of tests in accordance with written test scripts. To confirm the accuracy and dependability of the application, they are then compared with the expected results.

Table of Content

1. What is Automation Testing?
2. Why Test Automation?
3. Suitable Automation tool
4. A plan, design, and strategy for automating tests
5. Making the Test Environment Ready
6. Execution of Automation Test Scripts
7. Test results analysis and production of test reports
8. Automation Testing Using the Different Testing Types
9. Automation testing using the testing phases
10. Testing Automation Based on the Types of Tests
Advantages of Automated Testing

Manual testing is no longer adequate as businesses need software to be released more quickly and with higher quality to stay competitive. Because of this, the term "automated testing" has gained traction in the IT industry today. This blog post on automation testing will teach you how to achieve your company's objective of producing bug-free, superior-quality software that stands out from the competition. Automation When it became difficult to test an application with several manual input fields, testing came into play. As soon as testers became fatigued, their focus began to waver, which allowed defects to go undetected. You will find a quick review of Automation Testing, its types, and other topics in this blog post on what is automation testing. Read on for more information!  If you are interested in Digital Marketing or Graphic Designing and want to learn these interesting courses then click on the links mentioned Digital Marketing Course and Graphic Designing course

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What is Automation Testing?

Automation testing is a technique for evaluating software products utilising specialised testing tools and frameworks to reduce human participation and maximise quality. Automation testing is carried out with the aid of software that manages the execution of tests in accordance with written test scripts. To confirm the accuracy and dependability of the application, they are afterwards compared with the expected results. One can carry out important repetitive operations and those that are challenging to do with manual testing using automation testing. This kind of testing is therefore essential for CI/CD processes.

Why Test Automation?

A product that a business develops is inevitably going to have flaws. To ensure a seamless customer experience, the organisation must identify any problems in the product before it is released. The testing team is in charge of carrying out numerous testing procedures, from functional to non-functional, to guarantee the overall product's efficacy, efficiency, and improved user experience.

Although testers perform both manual and automated testing, automation testing reduces the amount of human work required, produces reliable results, and saves a significant amount of time, all of which contribute to the product's quicker delivery.

Suitable Automation tool

Without the appropriate testing tool, automation testing is not possible. The testing life cycle's crucial tool selection phase requires careful consideration of the following factors:
  • Knowledge of the tool among the onboard resources
  • Complete financial flexibility
  • employed to develop the project were technologies and programming languages.
  • selecting a product with support staff to handle any questions and problems

A plan, design, and strategy for automating tests

As the name implies, you construct a plan, design the architecture, and develop a strategy in this phase to accomplish the objective of test automation.
  • Test strategy the development of test standards and processes, and the needs for test data, hardware, and software
  • Test plan: Create the test architecture to decide how the subsequent test procedures will proceed.
  • Test methodology Pick an appropriate test automation framework.

Making the Test Environment Ready

You must set up a system that can run the test cases remotely or locally. It should handle desktop and mobile applications and provide a wide test coverage range for various test scenarios and browsers.

Execution of Automation Test Scripts

You will run the test scripts in this phase to see if they operate properly or not. This step entails ensuring that everything is functioning and cross-platform compatible. In the event that the test case fails, you must additionally create a bug report.

Test results analysis and production of test reports

In the testing life cycle, this is the final stage. To decide whether or not they require further testing, you will review the test reports in this section. To confirm that the test scripts can find application faults, test results are then generated. The project's participants and clients are then given access to the test reports.

Automation Testing Using the Different Testing Types

You can now review the many categories of automation testing in the section below.

Functional Testing

Functional testing examines the functions of the product and validates each feature of the application. It is based on what the customers want. Functional testing allows you to verify the operations you carry out within the programme. Both human and automatic methods can be used. Testing a website's login functionality is an illustration of functional testing.

Unfunctional Testing

Non-functional testing evaluates the non-functional characteristics of the product, such as performance, reliability, usability, etc. Customers' expectations are the foundation of it. You can confirm how well the software performs by doing non-functional testing. Manual execution is challenging. Testing the amount of time it takes for a website's dashboard to load is an illustration of non-functional testing.

Automation Testing Using the Testing Phases


A unit test

The smallest software component is referred to as a unit. All of the separate components of the code must function properly for the product/software as a whole. A detailed analysis of the performance of the code is provided through unit testing. Due to the fact that you are just testing small sections of code at once, it executes more quickly. Developers typically like carrying out unit testing.

Testing API

Application Programming Interface is referred to as API. Between the UI and the database, it serves as an intermediate interface. The functionality of the programme from beginning to end is tested using APIs. Testers won't have access to the source code in this case, and there are no keyboard inputs or outputs involved in the process. Instead, the programme is designed to submit API requests to obtain the output, and the testers record the system's or application's response to evaluate its functionality.

Ui testing

In UI testing, the testers check the accuracy of the visual components on the system's screen, including fields, buttons, labels, links, text fields, and images. For a better user experience, it is essential that these items are appropriately shown and operate as intended. The functionality of the application in processing user actions made with the user's keyboard, mouse, and other input devices is also tested during UI testing. Its primary goal is to offer a user-friendly interface (UI) and experience.

Testing Automation Based on the Types of Tests

A list of the typical tests used in automation is provided below:

Tests for Smoke

The term "smoke testing" is also used for "build verification testing" (BVT). In the early phases of application testing, it is carried out. Smoke testing is performed whenever a new feature or functionality is added to the current build and serves as a checkpoint before continuing with the subsequent level of testing.

Integrity Checks

Other names for integration testing include string testing, I&T testing, and, less frequently, thread testing. Its purpose is to check that all of the application's modules are properly communicating with one another. In other words, since the programme consists of numerous smaller modules, testers aggregate them logically and test them as a group in integration testing to find defects while preserving the connection between these software modules.

Testing for Regression

Regression testing is done if you want to be sure that the software you built and tested still functions the same way after modifications have been made. Bug repairs, setting adjustments, or programme enhancements can all be included in the changes. Rerunning the application's functional and non-functional tests will help you achieve this.

Security Testing

As a tester, you do not want to be responsible for data breaches, lost sales, or reputational damage brought on by illegal access. Security testing, which reveals the underlying dangerous threads, vulnerabilities, threats, malware, and other dangers in the software application, is carried out to avoid such situations and stop the malicious incursion. Security testing enables you to identify all holes and weak points in the system's security, which you can quickly fix by developing workable workarounds.

Performance Evaluation

Your product must operate smoothly even when under a lot of pressure. Therefore, you must test your product to ensure that it is responsive, quick, stable, reliable, and strong under a specific load before making it available to users. Examining browser response times and server request processing times is an example of performance testing.

Adoption Testing

The final testing stage before a product is released onto the market is acceptance testing. It is done to ensure that all user requirements, business needs, and customer requests are met and to determine whether or not the product is ready for delivery.

Advantages of Automated Testing

Knowing the advantages of mastering automation testing is essential if you intend to do so. Automation testing, like any testing method, has advantages and disadvantages. You will discover the top ten benefits of automation testing right here.
  • Because it is carried out using effective testing instruments, it demonstrates its dependability.
  • Saving time for both testers and the organisation as a whole, automated testing is 70% faster than manual testing.
  • When running test scripts, automation testing avoids human interference.
  • It enables test cases to be reused and performed again.
  • It makes the software testing process more swift and effective.
  • All application functionality is covered through automation testing.




What does testing that is automated mean?

Before software is put into production, automated testing is a procedure that verifies that it is working correctly and that the criteria are being met. This technique for testing software employs predefined sequences that testing tools carry out.

What does automated testing entail and why is it used?

To test software more efficiently, more quickly, and more economically, automation testing applies techniques and technologies to the testing of software. It makes it easier to create software of higher calibre with less work.

Why do we need automation?

Automation frees up time for your company to concentrate on its main goals by reducing time, effort, and expense while lowering manual errors. Repeated chores can be finished more quickly. Process automation ensures high-quality outcomes since every activity is carried out consistently and without human error.

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