Current Affairs topic:Major coal fields in India: Major Coal mines in india
Updated Wed, 04 May 2022 01:34 PM IST
Coal plays an important role in running any industry, what do you know,? where is the coal mine in India? if not, read the article completely to know about all details of coal fields.
The major coal fields in India ,Coal mines in india
Do you know what is the most basic thing to run any industry?
Coal ,Coal is such a thing which is the raw material for running almost every industrial unit, if there is no coal then there will be a lot of impact on the efficiency of our industrial units.
Its fuel is supplied by coal only.
The coal field is from where coal is produced, maximum coal is produced in Bihar and Jharkhand.
Coal is found in rocky layers , mostly of two geological ages, namely Gondwana and Tertiary deposits.
Coal production in India; from the beginning till now
The first coal mine in India was opened in 1774 at Raniganj in West Bengal, but the actual coal mining begins.
In 1814 the total production of coal has increased from about 120 million tonnes in 1980 - 81 to more than 728 million tonnes in 2018 -19
The coal mines were nationalised by the government of India in 1973 -74.
this gives a boost to the coal mining activities, especially lignite mining.
India is second-largest producer of coal in the world after China.
The Coal Fields of Gondwana Land
About 90% of the total coal in India is found in the Northeastern part of the Deccan Peninsula this region includes Jharkhand Orissa Chhattisgarh West Bengal Madhya Pradesh Telangana Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra etc
Chhattisgarhi is the the largest producer of coal in India but holds third position with respect of Reserve the reserves.
main coalfield are in Korba Surguja ,Bilaspur, koriya etc Orissa rank second concerning reserves and coal production in India .most of the coal field are the Dhenkanal, Sambalpur and sundargarh district.
Jharkhand is the third largest producer of coal but has the largest Reserve of coal in India the main coalfield are in jhariya Bokaro Giridih karanpur Ramgarh daltonganj etc.
The tertiary coalfields
Main liya kar ine association with limestone these whole fields are mostly found in Assam Meghalaya Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir awesome coal has high cooking quality with low as content the high sulphur contain makes it on suitable for metallurgical uses.
The lignite coalfields
The lignite cold field are located mostly in Tamilnadu and Gujarat .other lignite producing state and union territory is Rajasthan Jammu and Kashmir and West Bengal .the famous Neyveli lignite mines are in Tamilnadu.
most of the lignite coal is used for the generation of thermal electricity.
some production is also used in the chemical and fertilizer industries.Giridih ( Coal Field) gives the finest coking coal in India for metallurgical purposes.
Below are the details of Coalfield are found in all Indian states and union territories.….
Jharia, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Jayanti, Godda, Giridih (Karbhari Coal Field), Ramgarh, Karanpura, Daltonganj Jharkhan Dhanbad – One of the oldest in
Jharkhand and the richest coalfields of India.
Here the best metallurgical coal fields like the coking coal.
Giridih ( Karbhari coalfield) produced best coking coal in India for metallurgical purposes.
Talcher coalfield is known to be India's largest repository of coal and often referred to as the 'black diamond' of the state. Talcher region is known in the country for hosting the largest deposits of power grade coal.
Q2- Which is the city of coal in India?
Answer- Dhanbad, the largest coal producing city, has been called the coal capital of India.
Q3-Which state has the largest coal field in India?
Answer-Jharkhand has the largest reserves of coal in India followed by Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
Q4-Which region in India is richest in coal?
Answer- Damodar valley is rich in coal & it is also known as the prime core of coking coal in India.
Q5 -Which is the oldest coal mine in India?
Answer- The Raniganj coalfield is the oldest coal mine in India. It was first mined in 1774.