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Ananya Shree

Class 11th
Biology
1 year ago

Describe the factors that influence the rate of Photosynthesis

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Muskan Anand

1 year ago

The factors that affect photosynthesis may be both internal & External. Internal factors: Chlorophyll: it is the light-absorbing pigment and only portions of the plant having chlorophyll can help in photosynthesis. Protoplasmic factor: young seedlings when transferred from darkness to light show the presence of some factors which is believed to be enzymatic initiates photosynthesis and is called the protoplasmic factor. External factors: Light: It is one of the most important factors which affects the process in 3 ways i.e. quantity, quality, and intensity. Quantity of light is otherwise duration and depends upon the photoperiod that is required by the plant quality refers to the wavelength, maximum photosynthesis occurs in red and blue light while minimum in green light. Intensity favours the process and low intensity decreases the rate of photosynthesis. Very high intensity brings about photooxidation of pigments which is called solarization. CO2: An increase in CO2 concentration favours the process provided other factors are not limiting but very high concentrations are toxic and inhibit photosynthesis. Temperature: Increase in temperature favour photosynthesis but above the optimum range the process decreases due to the denaturation of enzymes.

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