5 Steps to Creating a Cyber Security Roadmap

Safalta Expert Published by: Achla Sharma Updated Thu, 27 Jul 2023 09:01 AM IST


According to Cybersecurity Ventures, the cost of cybercrime is predicted to hit $8 trillion in 2023 and will grow to $10.5 trillion by 2025.

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A well-defined and comprehensive Cyber Security Roadmap serves as a guiding framework to bolster an organization's cyber defenses, safeguard its digital assets, and mitigate potential risks effectively. The first crucial step in the roadmap is understanding the organization's current cyber security posture through in-depth assessments and risk analyses. Armed with this knowledge, organizations can set clear and measurable security goals and objectives that align with their overall business strategy and risk appetite.

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Effective resource allocation, including budget, skilled personnel, and advanced technology, is vital to support the implementation of the roadmap. Cyber security should be perceived as a strategic priority, receiving the necessary support from top leadership.

This article gives specific information on creating a Cyber Security Roadmap in detail.

Table of Content
Understanding the Current State of Cyber Security
Establishing Clear Cyber Security Goals and Objectives
Allocating Resources
Implementing Security Frameworks and Standards
Implementing Security Controls
Monitoring and Continuous Improvement


Understanding the Current State of Cyber Security

Before organizations can effectively create a robust Cyber Security Roadmap, they must first gain a comprehensive understanding of their current security posture. This critical step involves conducting a thorough security assessment to identify vulnerabilities, weak points, and potential entry points that cyber attackers could exploit.
 Key elements of this assessment may include:

a) Risk Assessment

Identify and prioritize potential cyber risks, considering both internal and external threats.

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Conducting a risk assessment helps in understanding the potential impact and likelihood of various threats, which informs decision-making during the roadmap creation process.

b) Asset Inventory

Catalog all digital assets, including hardware, software, data repositories, applications, and networks. Knowing what needs protection is fundamental to designing an effective security strategy.

c) Security Controls Assessment

Evaluate the effectiveness of existing security controls and measures in place. Identify gaps and areas for improvement in the organization's current security infrastructure.

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d) Compliance and Regulatory Requirements

Compliance involves following these guidelines to avoid legal penalties and maintain ethical practices. It encompasses activities like regular audits, documentation, and reporting. Adhering to these requirements fosters transparency, consumer trust, and a level playing field in the marketplace, ultimately promoting a secure and responsible environment for all stakeholders involved. the importance of cyber security compliance and adherence to regulatory requirements cannot be overstated.

Establishing Clear Cyber Security Goals and Objectives

Establishing clear cybersecurity goals and objectives is paramount in safeguarding digital assets and data from ever-evolving cyber threats. Firstly, an organization must identify and prioritize its critical assets and potential vulnerabilities. Setting specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals is crucial. Objectives could include implementing multi-factor authentication, regular employee cybersecurity training, and conducting comprehensive risk assessments.

Additionally, aligning cybersecurity goals with overall business objectives ensures their integration into the organization's strategy. Collaboration between IT and other departments is essential to foster a culture of security awareness. Regularly reviewing and updating these goals helps adapt to emerging threats and technological advancements, providing a robust cyber defense framework for the organization's future.

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Some common objectives might include:


  • Enhancing Data Protection: Ensure that sensitive data is adequately protected from unauthorized access, disclosure, or manipulation.
  • Improving Incident Response Capabilities: Develop an efficient incident response plan to detect, contain, and mitigate cyber incidents promptly.
  • Strengthening Network Security: Implement robust network security measures, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and secure access controls.
  • Enhancing Employee Cyber Security Awareness: Educate employees about cyber threats, best practices, and the role they play in maintaining a secure digital environment.

Allocating Resources

A successful Cyber Security Roadmap requires the appropriate allocation of resources, including budget, personnel, and technology. The organization's leadership must recognize cybersecurity as a strategic priority and provide the necessary support for its implementation.
Resource allocation should consider:

  • Budgeting: Ensure adequate funding for cyber security initiatives, factoring in potential future needs and scalability requirements.
  • Skilled Workforce: Recruit, train, and retain cyber security professionals with the necessary expertise to handle the evolving threat landscape.
  • Advanced Technology: Invest in cutting-edge security tools and technologies that align with the organization's specific needs and risk profile.
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Implementing Security Frameworks and Standards

To ensure a structured and consistent approach to cyber security, organizations should adhere to recognized security frameworks and standards.
Some widely used frameworks include:

NIST Cybersecurity Framework

Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, this framework offers guidelines for managing and reducing cyber risk.

ISO/IEC 27001

This internationally recognized standard specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving an information security management system.

CIS Controls

The Center for Internet Security provides a set of best practices known as CIS Controls to help organizations prioritize and implement essential security actions.

Implementing Security Controls

With a clear roadmap and framework in place, the organization can now begin implementing specific security controls and measures. These controls should align with the identified security goals and objectives. Some critical security controls include:

  • Access Controls: Ensure that only authorized personnel have access to sensitive data and critical systems.
  • Multi-factor Authentication (MFA): Implement MFA to add an extra layer of security and protect against unauthorized access.
  • Encryption: Encrypt sensitive data to ensure that even if it is compromised, it remains unreadable without the decryption key.
  • Patch Management: Regularly update and patch software and systems to address known vulnerabilities.
  • Employee Training: Conduct regular cyber security awareness training for employees to reduce the likelihood of human error-related security incidents.
  • Network Segmentation: Divide the network into segments to limit the impact of a breach and prevent lateral movement by attackers.
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Monitoring and Continuous Improvement


Cyber security is not a one-time effort but a continuous process. Continuous monitoring and improvement are crucial to staying ahead of emerging threats and maintaining an effective security posture.
This involves:

  • Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM): Implement SIEM solutions to collect and analyze security event data, facilitating early detection of potential threats.
  • Threat Intelligence: Stay informed about the latest cyber threats and vulnerabilities through threat intelligence feeds.
  • Regular Assessments: Conduct periodic security assessments and penetration testing to identify weaknesses and ensure the effectiveness of security measures.
  • Incident Response Drills: Conduct regular incident response drills to test the efficiency and efficacy of the organization's response plan.
Read More: How to Succeed in Google Discover Cyber Security Roadmap is an indispensable endeavor for organizations facing the ever-growing threat of cyberattacks. The digital landscape is continuously evolving, and with it, the sophistication of cyber threats. A proactive and strategic approach to cyber security is essential to safeguarding valuable assets, maintaining trust, and mitigating potential damage from data breaches or attacks. The implementation of specific security controls, such as access controls, multi-factor authentication, encryption, and employee training, further fortifies the organization's defenses.

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Regularly updating and improving security measures, including network segmentation and incident response drills, ensures ongoing preparedness against emerging threats. Continuous monitoring, threat intelligence, and regular security assessments contribute to a state of constant readiness, allowing organizations to proactively detect and respond to potential threats before they escalate. The creation and implementation of a well-structured Cyber Security Roadmap are investments that pay dividends in the form of enhanced security, sustained growth, and long-term success in an interconnected and data-driven world.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks.

What is Cyber Security Roadmap?

Cyber Security Roadmap serves as a guiding framework to bolster an organization's cyber defenses, safeguard its digital assets, and mitigate potential risks effectively.

Is Cyber Security a tough job?

Cybersecurity work is complex since cybersecurity professionals need to be so detail-oriented and technical to get their work done, but that doesn't mean that this field is too difficult to learn.

Where to start cyber security journey?

The most common path people take when pursuing a job in cyber security is getting a degree.

What is NIST Cyber security framework?

Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, this framework offers guidelines for managing and reducing cyber risk.

What are the types of Cyber security?

Application security, Network security, Cloud security, and Internet of Things security are the types of cyber security.

What exactly cyber security do?

Cybersecurity is the collected set of technologies, processes, and procedures organizations to protect their computing environments from damage and unauthorized data access perpetrated by cybercriminals or malicious insiders.

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