Source: safalta.comThis depicts that some elements allow charge transmission from the battery to the bulb. On the other hand, others do not. The foundation of the categorization of such elements is their electric conductivity. Let’s learn more about Conductors and Insulators in this blog.
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Table of Content
|What are Conductors?|
|What are Insulators?|
|Difference Between Conductors and Insulators|
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When a charge is transmitted to such an object, it gets disseminated across the whole surface of the element, which results in the movement of negatively charged elements in the object. The charges transmitted to an electrical conductor are dispersed until the force of repulsion between electrons in areas of surplus electrons is reduced to the lowest value. When such a material is kept in contact with another object that allows electric current to flow through it, the charge gets transferred from the first object to the other until the overall revulsion because of the charge is reduced.
Metals, Humans, and Earth are all conductors, the objects that allow an electric current to flow through them. This is the reason why we get electric shocks!
You can also read about
- Semiconductors and Insulators
- Extrinsic semiconductors
- Electrical Insulators
Instances of Conductors
Graphite, the human body, and the earth are good conductors of electricity. Some Metals that are good conductors are-
Instances of Insulators
Some good examples of insulators are -
|Conductors||Basis of Difference||Insulators|
|Elements that allow electric current and heat to flow through them are called Conductors.||Definition||Elements that do not allow electric current and heat to pass through them are called Insulators.|
|Some examples of good conductors are aluminum, copper, silver, and iron.||Examples||Some examples of good Insulators are paper, plastic, wood, and rubber.|
|Electrons move freely in Conductors.||Movement of Electrons||Electrons do not move freely in such materials.|
|The Electric field prevails in the area but remains nil inside.||Existence of an Electric field||The Electric field does not prevail in Insulators.|
Why are Metals commonly used for making Electric wires?
What is the object with zero resistance called?
What factors influence the resistivity of a conductor?
- The material which the conductor is composed of