A Brief History of the Mughal Emperors in India
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Source: amazon.comHe belonged to the Timurid dynasty, whose ancestors were Mongols from Central Asia. During his ancestor Timur the Lame's invasion of India in 1398, a powerful Mongol king of Central Asia called a widespread murder and looted the people cruelly. Babur followed in his ancestor's footsteps and moved to India. First, he fought the battle of Panipat against the governing king, Ibrahim Lodi, and defeated him. Following this, he founded the Mughal Empire in India.
List of Mughal emperors in India
|Babur||Zahir-ud-din Muhammad||14th February 1483||26 December 1530|
|Humayun||Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun||6th March 1508||27 January 1556|
|Akbar||Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar||14th October 1542||27th October 1605|
|Jahangir||Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim||20th September 1569||28th October 1627|
|Shah-Jahan||Shahab-ud-din Muhammad khurram||5th January 1592||22nd January 1666|
|Alamgir I||Muhy-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb||4th November 1618||3rd March 1707|
|Bahadur Shah||Qutb-ud-din Muhammad Mu'azzam shah Alam||14th October 1643||27th February 1712|
|Jahandar Shah||Mu'izz-ud-din Jahandar shah Bahadur||9th may 1661||12th February 1713|
|Farrukhsiyar||Farrukhsiyar||20th August 1685||29th April 1719|
|Rafi ud-Darajat||Rafi ud-Darajat||30th November 1699||9th June 1719|
|Shah Jahan II||Rafi ud-Daulah||June 1696||19 September 1719|
|Muhammad Shah||Roshan Akhtar Bahadur||17th August 1702||26th April 1748|
|Ahmad Shah Bahadur||Ahmad Shah Bahadur||23rd December 1725||1st January 1775|
|Alamgir II||Aziz-ud-din||6th June 1699||29 November 1759|
|Shah Jahan III||Muhi-ul-millat||1711||1772|
|Shah Alam II||Ali Gauhar||25th June 1728||19th November 1806|
|Muhammad shah Bahadur Jahan IV||Bidar Bakhat||1749||1790|
|Akbar Shah II||Mirza Akbar||22nd April 1760||28th September 1837|
|Bahadur Shah II||Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar||24th October 1775||7th November 1862|
Six Prominent Mughal Emperors of India
From 1526 until 1530, he ruled as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. He died in 1530 in Agra.
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He has a lifelong fascination with Mughal architecture. Buland Darwaza, Humayun's Tomb, Jodhabai Palace, and Akbar's Tomb were all erected by him. Akbar died at Agra in 1605.
4- JahangirHe succeeded Akbar as the fourth Mughal Emperor. Jahangir was born at Fatehpur Sikri in 1569 as Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim to Jodha Bai. He has crowned Emperor in 1605 and reigned until 1627. He promoted Persian culture within the Mughal Empire. Jahangir set out to take control over South India. He was able to conquer Khandesh and a portion of Ahmadnagar. He also defeated Bundela of Rajputana and erected the Jahangir Mahal to commemorate his triumph. Jahangir was an opium addict and frequent drinker. He was a big fan of books and art. During his reign, Mughal artwork achieved its pinnacle. He is in charge of the construction of Shalimar Bagh, the Begum Shahi Mosque, and the Bachcha Taj.
5- Shah JahanHe was Jahangir's son by a Hindu Rani Jagat Gosain, also known as Manavati Bai. During his reign, Mughal architecture was at its pinnacle, with Shah Jahan constructing one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal. His attachment to this monument was so strong that he, like his predecessor, ordered the hands of all 20000 workers who constructed it to be severed so that another monument like it could never be created again. He also constructed other well-known structures such as the Moti Masjid in Pakistan and the Shish Mahal in India. Shah Jahan, also recognised as the finest commander of the army in all Mughal emperors and empires throughout his reign, was the wealthiest and strongest of all Mughal emperors and empires. Taj Mahal serves as the tomb for both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. He died in 1666 in Agra.
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6- AurangzebHe succeeded Shah Jahan as the sixth Mughal Emperor. Aurangzeb was born in Dahod in 1618 as Mu al-Dn Muammad to Mumtaz Mahal. He has crowned Emperor in 1658 and reigned until 1707. He was the first Mughal Emperor to take the throne prior to the death of the previous king, and he ruled practically the whole Indian subcontinent. Aurangzeb seized control of Bihar and Assam in the southern states. He and Shivaji fought for Bijapur in the Mughal–Maratha Wars. He was an official for the imperial government. During his reign, Hindus comprised 31% of the Mughal nobility. His main consort was Dilras Banu Begum, and he was succeeded by Bahadur Shah I. He died at Ahmednagar in 1707. He was the Mughal Emperor's final and most powerful ruler.
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