What is Computer? Check Types and Features

Safalta Expert Published by: Mishri Chourasia Updated Thu, 24 Nov 2022 09:14 AM IST

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All computer systems are advanced with unique designs and capabilities. Some computers have very potential as well as RAM speed; but, a few are sluggish. Depending upon the necessities, computers are being developed.  All type of computers is a device that programmed to manipulate symbols. It can instantly store and recover a large amount of data. Computers are mostly organized accordingly in style, features, purposes, and data handling functionaries.


So now in this article, we are going to discuss the different types of computers.  Computers are of various types and these can be categorized in two ways based on size and the basis of data handling capacities. If you are interested in learning digital marketing then buy this course- Click Here

Table of content: 
What Is Computer?   
Types Of Computers


What Is Computer?

A computer is a digital tool designed to provide Information. The term laptop is derived from the Latin term ‘computer’, which means to calculate or programmable device. Computers can not do something without a Program. It symbolizes decimal digits through a queue of binary digits. The Word ‘Computer’ normally refers back to the Center Processor Unit plus Internal memory.  As I told you earlier, computers are of two types- one is based on size, and the other is based on data handling capacities. Let's discuss the types of computers.

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Types Of Computers

There are distinct kinds of computer generation nowadays. The capability and records processing of every form of computer is distinct and so are the output effects.
Though, the techniques/strategies, size, ability, traits, and data dealing with factors of each laptop may be different as well. Let us understand the one-of-a-kind varieties of computer systems one after the other:
Supercomputer: Supercomputer is a general term for one of the quickest computers presently obtainable. Supercomputers are very costly and are employed for technical applications that demand massive amounts of mathematical calculations like dealing with numbers. Supercomputers are used in scientific and engineering applications matters like forecasting weather, nuclear energy, and scientific simulations. The first supercomputer was invented by Roger Cray in 1976.

  •  Supercomputers are used for virtual testing of nuclear weapons and critical medical tests.
  • Supercomputers build excellent results in animation.
  • It supports the diagnosis of different critical diseases and in delivering exact results for brain injuries, strokes, etc.
  • It assists in developing flight simulators for pilots at the beginner level for their training.
  • It is also utilized in a smog control system where it indicates the level of fog and additional impurities in the atmosphere.
  • It supports removing valuable information from data storehouse centers or cloud systems. For example, in insurance companies.

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Mainframe Computer: Mainframe computer systems are designed in this type of manner that they can support masses or hundreds of customers at an equal time. It additionally supports a couple of programs together. So, they could execute extraordinary processes together. All these functions make the mainframe computer ideal for massive organizations like banking, telecom sectors, and so on., which method a high extent of data well-known.


  • Mainframe computers give excellent performance with large-scale memory management.
  • Mainframe computers also have high storage capacity and great performance.
  • It runs steadily for a prolonged time and has a long further life.
  • It can protect stored data and other ongoing exchanges of information and data.
  • It can also have the ability to share its workload with other processors. 
Mini frame or Minicomputer: Minicomputer is a small type of computer that was introduced into the world in the middle of the 1960s. Minicomputer lies between the mainframe and microcomputers because the size of the mini frame is small, but it has numerous kinds of features which other computers don't have. Minicomputer is also known for mid-range computers. Minicomputers are a multi-users system used by more than one user that can work simultaneously. 


  • This mini frame is less effective than supercomputers and mainframes and more effective than microcomputers and workstations.
  •  Minicomputers are mainly multi-user computers that can be accessed by more than one user, at the same time.
  • Minicomputers are less expensive than microcomputers and supercomputers. 
  • It can be used by small enterprises, but not for large kinds of enterprises. 
  • Minicomputers are small in size than supercomputers.

Workstations: workstation is only for one user and has advanced graphic capabilities, a large store, and a powerful central processing unit. It is a highly performed system for a single user. Workstations and applications designed for them are utilized by small engineering organizations, architects, and graphic designers. Any business enterprise, department, or character that requires a quicker microprocessor, a massive quantity of random get right of entry to reminiscence (RAM), and unique features along with excessive-pace pix adapters.


  • It is used for professional or business purposes, and it has also a highly performed system.
  • It can manage data analytical, animation, CAD, creating and editing audio.
  • Workstations have powerful storage.
Microcomputers:  A microcomputer is likewise referred to as a personal laptop. It is a fashionable-purpose computer that is designed for character use. It has a microprocessor as a principal processing unit, memory, storage place, input unit, and output unit. Examples of microcomputers are laptops and computers. They are suitable for non-public work that may be making a mission, looking at a movie, or a workplace for workplace work.


  • Microcomputers have been used to limit software.
  • It is very easy to use.
  • Microcomputers are capable of multitasking like printing, scanning and watching videos, etc.
  • It casually comes with a semiconductor chip.
  • Users don't need any specialization for using this computer.

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