What Is Google Analytics?

Safalta Published by: Ishika Kumar Updated Fri, 10 Jun 2022 11:37 PM IST


do you wanna know about google analytics, then read this article for more details.

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Google Analytics is a free online analytics service that provides basic analytical tools and statistics for SEO and marketing purposes. Google Analytics is used to track and analyse a website's performance as well as information about its visitors.
It can provide valuable information about the effectiveness of a company's marketing initiatives and campaigns, track how customers complete tasks (such as making purchases or adding items to their shopping carts), identify trends and patterns in customer behaviour, and gather demographic data, in addition to identifying the most popular sources of user activity.


1. How Does Google Analytics Work?

Page tags are used by Google Analytics to collect user data from every website visitor. Each page's code includes JavaScript page tags. Each visitor's data is collected by Google's data collection servers through the use of this tag, which is incorporated in the visitor's browser.

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Google Analytics may then build customizable reports to track and display data on website traffic, average session lengths, sessions by route, page views, and more.

The page tag operates as a web beacon or web bug on the page to collect visitor information. However, because the system is dependent on cookies, it will not be able to collect data from users who have disabled cookies.

Google Analytics provides customers with the ability to track how visitors interact with their websites over time. The use of features allows for data collection, analytics, tracking, visualisation, reporting, and interaction with other applications. Listed below are just a few examples:
  • Dashboards, scorecards, and activity charts, for example, are data visualisation and monitoring tools that show how data changes over time.
  • Data funnels are filtered, modified, and analysed.
  • APIs (application programme interfaces) are used to collect data.
  • Anomaly detection, intelligence, and actionable insights.
  • For the aim of examining subsets of data, such as conversions, segmentation is used.
  • Advertising, audience acquisition, audience behaviour, and conversion reports tailored to your needs.
  • Email is used for sharing and communication.

2. Google Analytics Metrics

A metric is a widely accepted quantitative measurement unit. Customers can track up to 200 variables in Google Analytics to evaluate the performance of their websites. While various metrics may be more valuable to some businesses than others, the following are some of the most commonly used

1. The users

A unique or first-time visitor to a website is referred to as a user.

2. The rate of bounce

The percentage of visitors who only viewed one page. Each of these visitors sent only one request to the Google Analytics servers.

3. Meetings

This is a collection of visitor reactions during the course of a 30-minute activity session.

4. Session Length on Average

The average amount of time spent on the site by each visitor.

5. New Session Percentage

The percentage of website visitors that are visiting for the first time.

6. Number of Pages in a Session

During a single session, the maximum number of times a page can be seen.

3. Metrics Vs Dimensions

In Google Analytics reports, there are dimensions and metrics, respectively. It's critical to know the difference between the two in order to read reports correctly.


These are attributes or labels that are used to classify and organise data and are descriptive or categorical. If the average session duration is being evaluated across many different places, the dimension "Region" can be useful. To demonstrate the concept of metrics, measures such as "average session length" might be employed. Dimensions in Google Analytics can be adjusted. These are some examples of usual dimensions:
  • Language
  • Type of browser
  • The city and the countryside
  • Devices' models
  • The age range of users


These are quantitative studies of a specific type of data. Average session lengths, website visits, web pages per session, and average time on site are all examples of metrics. Metrics are a type of unit of measurement that can be used to compare measurements in multiple dimensions.

4. Benefits and Limitations of Google Analytics

Using Google Analytics has both benefits and drawbacks. The platform is popular among users since it is flexible, powerful, and free. Additionally, Google Analytics offers the following benefits:
  • This service's benefits include being free, easy to use, and beginner-friendly.
  • Google Analytics allows you to define metrics and dimensions. This platform has the ability to collect a wide range of useful data.
  • Google Analytics also has other services, such as data visualisation, monitoring, reporting, and predictive analysis, to name a few.
Some historical Google Analytics flaws have been identified as potentially impacting the data's veracity. The following are some of them:
  • Users can reduce the overall accuracy and precision of their data by blocking Google Analytics cookies, some browser plugins, ad filtering programmes, and private networks.
  • To reduce the server burden, 500,000 random sessions are sampled. In these reports, the error margin is only presented as the total number of visitors. As a result, even for little amounts of data, extraordinarily large error margins may exist.

What Google Analytics is used for?

Google Analytics is a web analytics service that offers basic analytical tools and statistics for search engine optimization (SEO) and marketing. Anyone with a Google account can use the service, which is part of the Google Marketing Platform and is free.

What is Google Analytics and how does it work?

Google Analytics collects information about visitors to a website. Google Analytics provides excellent insight into user activity and collects valuable user data in real time, from a website's traffic sources to the amount of hits each month.

What are examples of Google Analytics?

  • Basic Dashboard.
  • Executive Dashboard.
  • Digital Marketing Dashboard.
  • Content Marketing Dashboard.
  • Social Media Dashboard.
  • Ecommerce Dashboard.

What is Google Analytics for beginners?

Google Analytics for Beginners explains how to create an account, add tracking code, and set up data filters in Google Analytics. You'll discover how to use Google Analytics' interface and reports, as well as how to create dashboards and shortcuts.

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