India will have 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites by 2022.

Safalta Expert Published by: Aryan Rana Updated Sun, 12 Jun 2022 11:56 PM IST

Highlights

Dholavira and Ramappa Temple are the most recent additions to the 'Cultural' category. The total number of World Heritage Sites will rise from 38 to 40 in 2021. This decision was made during the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, which was held in China.

India has 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Dholavira and Ramappa Temple are the most recent additions to the 'Cultural' category. Ramappa Temple in Telangana and Dholavira in Gujarat, both of which will be UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2021. This decision was made during the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, which was held in China. The total number of World Heritage Sites will rise from 38 to 40 in 2021. If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.

Source: Safalta.com

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What exactly is a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a location that has been designated as such by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This is exemplified by UNESCO's 1972 acceptance of the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

UNESCO World Heritage Site Criteria:

Human creative genius.
 Interchange of values.
Testimony to cultural tradition.
Significance in human history.
Traditional human settlement.
 Heritage is associated with events of universal significance.
 Natural phenomena or beauty.
Major stages of Earth’s history.
Significant ecological and biological processes.
 The significant natural habitat for biodiversity.

India's UNESCO World Heritage Sites include the following:

S.No Name of Sites Year Location
1 Ajanta Caves 1983 Maharashtra
2 Ellora Caves 1983 Maharashtra
3 Agra Fort 1983 Agra
4 Taj Mahal 1983 Agra
5 Sun Temple 1984 Orissa
6 Mahabalipuram Monuments 1984 Tamil Nadu
7 Kaziranga National Park 1985 Assam
8 Keoladeo
National Park
1985 Rajasthan
9 Manas
Wildlife Sanctuary
1985 Assam
10 Churches and
Convents of Goa
1986 Goa
11 Monuments
of Khajuraho
1986 Madhya
Pradesh
12 Monuments
of Hampi
1986 Karnataka
13 Fatehpur Sikri 1986 Agra
14 Elephanta Caves 1987 Maharashtra
15 Great Living
Chola Temples
1987 Tamil Nadu
16 Pattadakal
Monuments
1987 Karnataka
17 Sundarbans
National Park
1987 West Bengal
18 Nanda Devi &
Valley of Flowers
National Park
1988 Uttarakhand
19 Monuments of
Buddha
1989 Sanchi,
Madhya
Pradesh
20 Humayun’s Tomb 1993 Delhi
21 Qutub Minar and
its Monuments
1993 Delhi
22 Mountain
Railways
of Darjeeling,
Kalka
Shimla & Nilgiri
1999 Darjeeling
23 Mahabodhi
Temple
2002 Bihar
24 Bhimbetka Rock Shelters 2003 Madhya Pradesh
25 Chhatrapati
Shivaji Terminus
2004 Maharashtra
26 ChampanerPavagadh
Archaeological
Park
2004 Gujarat
27 Red Fort 2007 Delhi
28 Jantar Mantar 2010 Delhi
29 Western Ghats 2012 Karnataka,
Kerala,
Tamil Nadu,
Maharashtra
30 Hill Forts 2013 Rajasthan
31 Rani Ki Vav
(The Queen’s
Stepwell)
2014 Gujarat
32 Great Himalayan
National Park
2014 Himachal
Pradesh
33 Nalanda 2016 Bihar
34 Khangchendzonga
National Park
2016 Sikkim
35 Architectural Work
of Le Corbusier
(Capitol Complex)
2016 Chandigarh
36 The Historic City 2017 Ahmedabad
37 Victorian Gothic
and Art Deco
Ensembles
2018 Mumbai
38 The Pink City 2019 Jaipur
39 Kakatiya
Rudreshwara
(Ramappa)
Temple
2021 Telangana
40 Dholavira 2021 Gujarat

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