NCERT Solutions Class 9 Geography Chapter 2, Physical Features of India

Safalta Expert Published by: Trisha Bharati Updated Wed, 27 Jul 2022 04:24 PM IST

You've probably heard that India has a very diverse range of physical characteristics. Have you ever wondered why anything is described in this way? Well, India comprises all the major physical features of the planet, Earth. For instance, mountains, plateaus, plains, deserts, and islands. Didn’t you find it interesting?  If you are curious to learn more about the Physical Features of India, then take out your  Class 9 NCERT books Contemporary India I and start reading chapter 2. In this chapter, you will learn about the type of terrain you live in, and understand the differences between the mountains, plains, plateau, desert regions, and much more.  

However, students face difficulties in grasping the complex terms and terminologies of the subjects hence seek the best class 9 online courses for better guidance. 

Many students encounter problems in solving NCERT questions that are given at the end of every chapter to test the understanding ability of the kids. If this is your concern too then no worries. Now get NCERT solutions for all subjects in one place only on Safalta.  Each question is solved by our experts and it will help you to evaluate your preparation and enhances your answer writing skills. 

Check our Class 9 Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions Physical Features of India. These solutions will help you to score good marks in your examination. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 SST Geography, Chapter 2: Physical Features of India 

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 offered by Safalta provides the best guidance to the students.

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NCERT book Geography Class 9 Chapter 2 comprises numerous questions which might confuse the students while solving the question.  Here get the detailed solution for Class 9 NCERT Solutions to ace your exam preparation.  We also provide FREE MOCK PAPERS, which can help you test your own yourself. These papers can help you prepare for your exams in a better way. 

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1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) A landmass bounded by sea on three sides is referred to as 

(a) Coast (c) Peninsula 

(b) Island (d) none of the above 

Answer; c) Peninsula is a landmass that bounds the sea on three sides. 

(ii) Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar are collectively called as 

(a) Himachal (c) Purvachal 

(b) Uttarakhand (d) none of the above

Answer;  c) Purvachal

(iii) The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as 

(a) Coromandel (c) Kannad 

(b) Konkan (d) Northern Circar

Answer;  (c) Kannad 

(iv) The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is 

(a) Anai Mudi (c) Mahendragiri 

(b) Kanchenjunga (d) Khasi

Answer;  (c) Mahendragiri 


2 Answer the following questions briefly. 

(i) What are tectonic plates? 

Answer: According to Plate Tectonic Theory, the earth's crust is made up of seven major plates and a few minor ones.

We refer to these as tectonic plates. A tectonic plate, also known as a lithospheric plate, is a large slab of solid rock with an uneven form that is often made up of both continental and oceanic lithosphere. The Pacific and Antarctic Plates are among the biggest plates, although they may range in size from a few hundred to thousands of kilometers broad. Additionally, there is a wide range in plate thickness, from less than 15 km for young marine lithosphere to 200 km or more for old continental lithosphere.

(ii) Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?

Answer; The Peninsular region, the oldest landmass, was a part of Gondwana land. India, Australia, South Africa, South America, and Antarctica were all included in the Gondwana landmass as a unified geographical mass.

(iii) What is the bhabar?

Answer: The Northern plains can diverge into four regions. Pebbles are left behind by rivers as they flow down from the mountains in a thin band that is 8 to 16 km wide and runs parallel to the Shiwaliks' slopes. It is called bhabar. The bhabar belt is where all the streams end or disappear. 

(iv) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south. 

Answer: The following are the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south; 

  • The Great or Inner Himalayas or Himadri (The Northernmost range) 

  • Himachal or Lesser Himalaya (Middle Himalayas) 

  • Shiwaliks ( Outer Himalayas)

(v) Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges? 

Answer: The plateau between the Aravali and Vindhya ranges is known as the Malwa Plateau. The Malwa area, which stretches from modern-day western central Madhya Pradesh to south-eastern Rajasthan, was formerly a part of Ujjain, which has volcanic origins. The plateau has an average elevation of 500 meters and descends towards the north. The Chambal ravines are located in the north of this plateau, which is rolling. It is traversed by the Mahi, Chambal, and Betwa rivers, and the flora is large of the savanna variety. Because of its volcanic origins, the area has a lot of black soil.

(vi) Name the island group of India having coral origin

Answer: Lakshadweep is the island group of India formed from coral. They are a particular variety of coral reefs that are round or horseshoe-shaped and are referred to as atolls. Lakshadweep's coral reefs are situated in the southern Indian Ocean, off the coast of Kerala.

3. Distinguish between 

(i) Converging and diverging tectonic plates 


Converging Tectonic Plates 

Diverging Tectonic Plates 

In converging, the tectonic plates come towards each other. 

In divergent, the tectonic plates move away from each other. 

The plates collide, crumble or slide below the other. 

It moves away from each other hence they don’t collide or crumble. 

It results in folding

It produces cracks or fractures on the earth’s surface. 

Example Oceanic Nazca Plate subducts underneath the continental South American Plate at the Peru–Chile Trench.

Example: The East African Rift in eastern Africa and the Red Sea Rift.


(ii) Bhangar and Khadar 




Bhangar is an old alluvial soil 

Khadar is a new alluvial soil 

Mainly found at a distance from the river basin

It is found close to the river basin 

Not suitable for agriculture as it is less fertile 

Suitable for agriculture as it is fertile


(iii) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats 


Western Ghats 

Eastern Ghats 

It lies parallel to the Malabar Coast of the Peninsular Plateau 

It lies parallel to the Coromandal Cost of the Peninsular Plateau 

It is continuous and regular it can be only crossed through passes. 

It is irregular and discontinuous and is dissected by the river which drains into the Bay of Bengal

The average elevation is 900-1600 meters 

The average elevation is 600 meters 

Anai Mudi and Doda Betta are the highest peaks 

Mahendragiri is the highest peak 


4. Describe how the Himalayas were formed. 


(A) India's oldest landmass, the peninsular portion, was formerly a part of the continent known as Gondwana, which also encompassed Australia, South Africa, South America, and South Asia.

(b) Convectional currents caused the earth's crust to break up into a number of pieces, which caused the Indo-Australian plate to drift away from Gondwana land and toward the north.

(c) Due to the northward migration, this plate collided with the much larger Eurasian plate.

(d) As a result of this collision, the sedimentary strata that had collected along the Tethys geosyncline were bent to create the mountain ranges in west Asia and the Himalayas.

(e) With its lofty peaks, vast valleys, and swift rivers, the Himalayas have a young topography.


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