How to Prepare for SSC CGL (Tips & Techniques )

Safalta Expert Published by: suzan poudel Updated Sat, 30 Apr 2022 11:02 AM IST


Find out How to Prepare for SSC CGL (Tips & Techniques ). Check here for details related to the examination. 

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the Combined Graduate Level (CGL) Exam for the recruitment of Grade “B” and “C” category posts in various Government Ministries, Departments, and Offices. The test is divided into four levels known as Tiers. It is regarded as one of the most important examinations for graduate students in India. Every year, over 15 lakh people apply for this test. While there is a lot of interest in this examination, many applicants are perplexed about preparation advice and question how to prepare for SSC CCL. Our specialists have collaborated to develop a time-tested, dependable technique that will increase scores and secure success for applicants in one of India's most competitive examinations. The general tips for SSC CGL Preparation are as follows:
  1. Know the syllabus and exam pattern well in advance.
  2. Sort out resources and most essential books for the examination.
  3. Do an analysis of the previous year's paper and most asked topics.
  4. Follow standard text and resources and rely on the most known books.
Candidates must bookmark this page to know everything related to how to prepare for the SSC CGL examination. If you are preparing for SSC exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our SSC Sarvottam Batch: Enroll In Live Class By Safalta Now!
General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: Download Here Current Affairs Ebook Free PDF: Download Here Attempt Free Mock Tests- Click Here

Table of Contents

  1. SSC CGL Syllabus
  2. SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier I
  3. SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier II
  4. Best Books For SSC CGL
  5. Set Your Goals
  6. Read the newspaper daily and practice vocabulary and comprehension
  7. Make notes, Avoid rote learning
  8. Be confident in yourself.

SSC CGL Syllabus

Knowing the syllabus and understanding every word of it is essential for examinations conducted by SSC. A number of hardworking candidates jump into the books without any prior idea of the Syllabus and by its very nature, the vast content soon becomes overwhelming for them. The syllabus for SSC CGL Exam for different stages is as follows:

SSC CGL Eligibility [Updated] 2022: Check age limit, educational qualifications and other details here

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier I

Tier I of the exam has 4 Sections form which the questions are asked. The exam is held in online mode. The sections in SSC CGL Tier I exam are as follows:
  1. General Intelligence and Reasoning
  2. General Awareness
  3. Quantitative Aptitude
  4. English Comprehension
The detailed Syllabus for Tier I is as follows:
SSC CGL Syllabus - General Intelligence and Reasoning- This section is more application-based, but the concepts that play an important role must be learned. This section too has a weightage of 25% but the questions asked are easy to moderate level. Candidates can easily score very good marks in this section. The syllabus for the reasoning section is as follows:
  • Analogies
  • Similarities and differences
  • Space visualization
  • Spatial orientation
  • Problem-solving
  • Analysis
  • Judgment
  • Blood Relations
  • Decision making
  • Visual memory
  • Discrimination
  • Observation
  • Relationship concepts
  • Arithmetical reasoning
  • Figural classification
  • Arithmetic number series
  • Non-verbal series
  • Coding and decoding
  • Statement conclusion
  • Syllogistic reasoning
Check out SSC CGL Syllabus here with Safalta.
Syllabus for  General Awareness- This section has questions from Static GK and current affairs. If the candidates prepare this section well they can get a good rank in the examination.
  • Static General Knowledge
  • Science
  • Current Affairs
  • Sports
  • Books and Authors
  • Important Schemes
  • Portfolios
  • People in the News
  • History
  • Geography
  • Economic
  • Awards and Honors
  • Economic
SSC CGL Syllabus - Quantitative Aptitude- In the prelims of the SSC CGL Exam a total of 25 questions are asked from Quantitative Aptitude which a candidate has to solve within the total 1 hour allotted for the entire exam and in the main exam, a total of 100 questions are asked which must be solved within the total 2 hours allotted for the entire exam. The topics from which questions are asked in Quantitative Aptitude are as follows:
  1. Computation of whole numbers
  2. Decimals
  3. Fractions
  4. Relationships between numbers
  5. Profit and Loss
  6. Discount
  7. Partnership Business
  8. Mixture and Alligation
  9. Time and distance
  10. Time & Work
  11. Percentage
  12. Ratio & Proportion
  13. Square roots
  14. Averages
  15. Interest
  16. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
  17. Graphs of Linear Equations
  18. Triangle and its various kinds of centres
  19. Congruence and similarity of triangles
  20. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
  21. Triangle
  22. Quadrilaterals
  23. Regular Polygons
  24. Right Prism
  25. Right Circular Cone
  26. Right Circular Cylinder
  27. Sphere
  28. Heights and Distances
  29. Histogram
  30. Frequency polygon
  31. Bar diagram & Pie chart
  32. Hemispheres
  33. Rectangular Parallelepiped
  34. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
  35. Trigonometric ratio
  36. Degree and Radian Measures
  37. Standard Identities
  38. Complementary angles
Also Read: SSC CGL vs SSC CHSL
 Syllabus For English- The English section is generally the most scoring section in SSC CGL Examination. The list of important topics is as follows:
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Cloze Test
  • Spellings
  • Phrases and Idioms
  • One word Substitution
  • Sentence Correction
  • Error Spotting
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Active/Passive
  • Narrations

The syllabus of Tier I is the same for all the posts.
SSC CGL Eligibility Criteria: Click Here

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier II

Quantitative Aptitude English Language Statistics General Awareness
  • Simplification
  • Interest
  • Averages
  • Percentage
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Speed, Distance, and Time
  • Number System
  • Mensuration
  • Data Interpretation
  • Time and Work
  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Geometry
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Spelling
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Phrases and Idioms
  • One Word Substitution
  • Sentence Correction
  • Error Spotting
  • Cloze Test
  • Para Jumbles
  • Synonyms-Antonyms
  • Active-Passive Voice
  • Collection and Representation of Data
  • Measure of Dispersion
  • A measure of Central Tendency
  • Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis
  • Correlation and Regression
  • Random Variables
  • Random Variables
  • Sampling Theory
  • Analysis and Variance
  • Time Series Analysis
  • Index Number
  • Finance and Accounting
  • Fundamental Principles
  • Financial Accounting
  • Basic Concepts of Accounting
  • Self-Balancing Ledger
  • Error Spotting and Correction
  • Economics and Governance
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • Finance Commission
  • Theory of Demand and Supply

Go Through Previous Year Papers

 The next important step is to go through the previous year's questions.  The previous questions by SSC are essential as it helps to:
  1. Understand the pattern of examination.
  2. Know the standard of examination.
  3. Know  SSC's method of framing questions.
  4. Understand the important and recurring themes and questions.
SSC CGL Free Mock Test Series 2022

Discipline and Practice

Practice relevant topics as much as you can. You need to allocate maximum time to the areas in which you're weak and minimal time to the strong ones. Proper Practice will reduce your possibility of committing any errors and will increase your speed in solving the questions asked.

Best Books For SSC CGL 

Best Books For SSC CGL - Quantitative Aptitude

There are a number of books for Quant sections. All the candidates have their preferred books and preferred teacher for this section. Yet there are a few best books for the SSC CGL maths section that have been recommended by all.  Candidates preparing for the tier 1 exam can check SSC CGL books for tier 1 from the table given below.
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations by R.S. Aggarwal  Basic and Standard book for all the competitive exams.
SSC Mathematics by Rakesh Yadav This is a very useful book that the candidates can refer to, however this book should be used after you are clear with your basics of the subject.
Quantum CAT by Sarvesh K Verma This book should be used to clearly understand the fundamentals of the subject and practice a lot of high level questions.

Best Books For SSC CGL-  English Language

The English section is generally the most scoring section in SSC CGL Examination. But the candidates who have no prior experience with the language might be at a loss if they do not prepare properly. The best strategy for the English section of the SSC CGL examination is to rely on the Best books like Wren Martin and others. 
Objective General English SP Bakshi (Arihant)
Competitive General English Kiran Prakashan
Perfect Competitive English V.K. Sinha
Quick Learning Objective General English RS Aggarwal & Vikas Aggarwal
From Plinth to Paramount Neetu Singh

Best Books For SSC CGL-  Reasoning

This section is more application-based, but the concepts that play an important role must be learned. This section too has a weightage of 25% but the questions asked are easy to moderate level. Candidates can easily score very good marks in this section. There are few well-known reasoning books for various sections. 
A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal The questions in this book are very useful. They are framed keeping the competitive exams in mind. This is one of the most referred books for SSC CGL.
Perfect Verbal Reasoning by Ajay Chauhan This book contains a lot of questions along with explanations for the same. Candidates can also refer to this book for preparing for this section.
Analytical Reasoning by M.K. Pandey This is also a very good book to prepare for reasoning. It contains a lot of questions and candidates can practice those from here.

Best Books For SSC CGL- General Awareness

This section has questions from Static GK and current affairs. If the candidates prepare this section well they can get a good rank in the examination. There are a few best books for the SSC CGL general awareness that candidates must follow. While current affairs is a dynamic section, you must keep yourself updated with the latest events and news in order to do well in this section. Here are few best books:
Lucent General Knowledge- This book is a must for candidates preparing for any competitive exams. Candidates should read this book and keep revising it.
NCERTs After going through the past year's papers, candidates should refer to the NCERTs for learning the basics.
Newspaper Candidates should read the newspaper on a daily basis to remain abreast with current affairs. 
History  Modern History by Spectrum Publication
Polity  Laxmikant 

Check out SSC CGL AAO Salary here.

Set Your Goals

You need to set your goals for each day of your preparation time . It'll help you keep yourself on track . Make sure that sufficient time is devoted towards preparation of each section . If you make a timetable and set goals for each day it'll help you keep a check on yourself so that you don't miss out of anything .


Read the newspaper daily and practice vocabulary and comprehension

Develop a habit of reading the newspaper daily. It'll help you to get a hold on current affairs. Awareness plays a key role if you want to ace the General Awareness Section . Reading is key as it'll also help you solve the General English Section with ease . Read as many comprehensive passages and relevant pieces of literature that you can to improve your English and Vocabulary and develop a faster reading habit .

Make notes, Avoid rote learning

Instead of rote learning, aspirant should keep notes and prepare mind maps to remember facts and topic and to simultaneously revise them. Keep a notebook along while you're reading the newspaper or studying so as to jot down important points for all the four sections.Mugging up things may confuse you and at times create blunders plus it's not an effective strategy to pick on if you're someone who want to hit it big . A smarter approach is what you require .

SSC CGL Income Tax Officer Salary

SSC CGL Assistant Section Officer Salary

Be confident in yourself.

Apart from all of these strategies, the most important tip is to not panic and be confident in yourself and the hard work that you’ve done . Remember one thing clearly “ There’s no shortcut to success except Hard work “ . Timely management of all these practices will definitely help you in cracking SSC CGL exam .

All the Best !!


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Also read:

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What is SSC CGL Exam?

SSC CGL is Combined Graduate Level Examination held to recruit candidates to Group B and Group C posts.

How is SSC CGL Exam conducted?

SSC CGL exam is held in online mode. 

How many stages are there in SSC CGL Exam?

There are four stages in SSC CGL Exam- Tier I, Tier II, Tier III and Skill Test if applicable.

What is the pattern of SSC CGL Tier I Exam?

The exam pattern for Tier I is as follows:
  • Each question carries 2 marks.
  • There is negative marking and 0.5 marks are deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • Question paper is set both in Hindi and English.


Number of


Time allowed

A. General Intelligence and



1 hour


B. General Awareness



C. Quantitative Aptitude



D. English Comprehension



What are the skill tests in Tier IV of the exam?

In the Tier-IV, Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and Data Entry Speed Test (DEST) will be conducted. This is not applicable to all the posts.

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