IPS Full Form, IPS Exam, Roles and Responsibilities, Salary of IPS

Safalta Expert Published by: Himani Mehra Updated Mon, 21 Nov 2022 12:30 AM IST


Want to know the full form of IPS? Here we have compiled all the information about Indian Police Services such as eligibility, salary, roles and responsibilities and so on.

IPS Full Form: The IPS was founded in 1948 after replacing the Indian Imperial Police. IPS stands for  Indian Police Services. It is one of the All India Services Besides IAS, IPS and IFS. The IPS officers form the top brass of police forces and are responsible for maintaining law and order. They are often deputed to organisations like state and UTs’ police forces, CAPF forces (BSF, SSB, CRPF, CISF & ITBP), National Security Guards, and other such forces. The exam to recruit IPS is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, in form of the Civil Services Commission. Only the top rankers among the selected are deputed to the police force. The space below has the IPS Full form along with a range of information on the post.

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Table of Content

History of IPS 

Indian Police Service was created by the Government of India in October 1948. It is the administrative diplomatic civil service under Central Civil Services of the executive branch of the Government of India. It is regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs. There are different departments that an IPS officer can join which are as follows:
  • Crime Branch
  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Home Guards
  • Traffic Bureau and more.
There have been many renowned IPS Officers in the country such as Kiran Bedi, U Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande.

How to Become an IPS Officer

To become an IPS Officer candidates have to clear the Civil Services Exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. This is a highly competitive exam for which lakhs of candidates appear every year. It has three stages- Prelims, Mains and Interview. Candidates are allocated services such as IAS, IPS and so on, on the basis of their ranks in the final result of CSE.

Also Read:
IAS Eligibility IAS Salary IAS Cut Off IAS Exam Pattern


Eligibility to beomce an IPS Officer

The eligibility criteria for IPS Officer is as follows:
  1. Nationality: A candidate should be a citizen of India.
  2. Age Limit: The candidate should be between 21-37 years of age depending on the category you fall under:
    1. General candidates must be 21-32 years of age.
    2. OBC candidates must be 21-35 years of age.
    3. SC/ST candidates must be 21-37 years of age.
    4. Age limits for the physically handicapped are set at 42, 45, and 47 years of age for General, OBC, and SC/ST categories, respectively.
  3. Minimum Educational Qualification: The minimum qualification of a candidate is a Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent qualification from any recognized University.
4.  Physical ability

a. Length: The length of a male candidate should be at least 165 centimetres. SC / OBC candidates of 160 cm can also apply. At the same time, the length of the female candidates should be 150 centimetres. A 145 cm SC / OBC female candidate can also apply.

b. Chest: At least 84 centimetres for men. At least 79 centimetres for women.

c. Eye site: Healthy eye vision should be 6/6 or 6/9. A vision of weak eyes should be 6/12 or 6/9.

Also, read the full form of the following:


Salary of IPS Officer

The post-wise salary of IPS Officer is as follows:
Post Salary as per 7th Pay Commission
Director-General of Police Rs. 2,25,000.00
Additional Director General of Police Rs. 2,05,400.00
Inspector-General of Police Rs. 1,44,200.00
Deputy Inspector General of Police Rs. 1,31,100.00 
Senior Superintendent of Police Rs. 78,800.00
Additional Superintendent of Police Rs. 67,700.00
Deputy Superintendent of Police Rs. 56,100.00

Powers and Responsibilities of IPS Officer

  1. IPS officers Lead and command the Central Police Organizations like Intelligence Bureau, Central Bureau of Investigation, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, National Security Guard, Vigilance Organizations etc.
  2. IPS officers Lead and command the civil and armed police forces in all the states and union territories.
  3. IPS officers Serve at public sector undertakings both at centre and states, and the RAW and policy making levels in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State governments.
  4. IPS officers are required to interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and Central Civil Services and also with the Armed Forces.
  5. An IPS officer possesses the law and rules. An IPS officer has powers similar to that of an SHO (Station House Officer); they can take over investigation either by suo-moto or as per the instructions of the government.
The responsibilities that IPS officers shoulder are as follows:
Maintaining law and order
Disaster and crisis management
Security of VIPs


What is the full form of IPS?

The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service.

How can I become an IPS Officer?

You can become an IPS Officer after clearing the Civil Services Exam conducted by UPSC.

What is the duration of training for IPS Officers?

IPS officers have to undergo training for a duration of two and a half years.

What is the maximum age limit to become an IPS Officer?

The maximum age limit to become an IPS Officer is 32 years for General Category candidates.

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