Major Crops and their States in India: Know which crop is produced in which state in India

Safalta Expert Published by: Saloni Bhatia Updated Thu, 27 Jul 2023 10:26 PM IST

Highlights

Looking for list of major crops in India? Here we are going to show agricultural production in India state-wise. You can acquire accurate information on India's primary crops from here.

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The subject of major crops and their producing states holds significant importance in competitive exams, making it a crucial topic for study. To aid your preparation, below is a compilation of the most important crops along with the states where they are primarily cultivated.

Agriculture stands as India's foremost source of income and contributes significantly to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In this regard, the following "List of Major Crops and Producing States in India" can serve as a valuable resource for competitive exams like UPSC Prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, Railways, and more.


Here is a “List of Major Crops and Producing States in India” that can come in handy for competitive exams such as UPSC Prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways, among others. If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our daily FREE Current Affairs. 

Major Crops and the Producing States in India

  The list of major crops and their producing states in India is as follows:
 
Cereals
Wheat Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana
Rice West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Tamil Nadu
Gram Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
Barley Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan
Bajra Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Rajasthan
Cash Crops Sugarcane Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra
Poppy Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh
 
Oil Seeds
Coconut Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Linseed Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
Groundnut Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu
Rape & Mustard Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh
Sesame Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Sunflower Maharashtra and Karnataka
 
Fibre Crops
Cotton Maharashtra and Gujarat
Jute West Bengal and Bihar
Silk Karnataka and Kerala
Hemp Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
 
Plantations
Coffee Karnataka and Kerala
Rubber Kerala and Karnataka
Tea Assam and Kerala
Tobacco Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh
 
Spices
Pepper Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu
Cashew Nuts Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh
Ginger Kerala and Uttar Pradesh
Turmeric  Andhra Pradesh & Odisha
 
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All about Wheat Crop


Wheat is farmed primarily in India's northern provinces, with Uttar Pradesh leading the way with a total production of 25.22 million tonnes, followed by Punjab (15.78 MT), and Madhya Pradesh (15.78 MT) (14.18 MT). It's noteworthy to note that, despite being India's top wheat producer and having the most wheat-growing land (9.85 million hectares), Uttar Pradesh's productivity (2561 kg/hectare) is still lower than the national average. However, Punjab outperforms all other states in terms of productivity, with 4491 kg/hectare!

Wheat crops are typically planted from September to December in various Indian states, depending on the environment, and harvested from February to May, again depending on the climate and the time of seeding.

Source: Amar Ujala

The ideal temperature for sowing is a winter temperature of 10°C-15°C and a summer temperature of 21°C-26°C. Low temperatures are required for seeding, but higher temperatures are required for good ripening of Wheat during harvest.
   

All about Cash Crops in India

  • The cotton plant is thought to have originated in India.
  • It's also one of the country's most important industrial crops.
  • Cotton grows well in the drier areas of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. It grows well in alluvial and red soils.
  • For its growth, it requires a high temperature (20-35°C), light rainfall (50 to 80cm) or irrigation, 210 frost-free days, and bright sunlight. During the picking season, a clear sky is essential.
  • It's a Kharif crop that takes 6-8 months to fully develop.

Example of Fibre Crop

Jute is a long, silky, and lustrous vegetable fiber.
Jute fibers have long been a part of West Bengal's and some parts of Bangladesh's culture. The major constituents are cellulose and lignin. As a result, it's also known as lingo-cellulosic fibre. It is one of the most cost-effective natural fibers and has a wide range of applications. Jute bags, sacks, coarse clothing, slippers, curtains, chairs, carpets, tables, and floor mats, among other things, are made from it.

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