India is well-known for its cultural diversity. The country's identity is based on diversity. One of our culture's most valued identities is Indian dancing. The earliest reference to dance and its forms is available in the 1st BC text of Natyashastra. Even before the historic periods the most primitive beings of the Indian Subcontinent- the people of Upper Paleolithic times- are depicted enjoying various dances in cave paintings. Eg - the Cave Paintings of Bimbeteka, and Lakhundyar.
Source: Amar Ujala
The Modern Dance forms in India can be divided into two categories: classical and folk dance forms. According to local tradition, these dance traditions evolved in various locations of India.
This page will give a basic overview of the numerous Indian dance traditions along with their states of origin, both classical and folk. India's dance styles are an essential part of the art and culture syllabus for the IAS exam
UPSC asked a question concerning Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam in the Civil Services IAS Prelims test in 2012. The UPSC questioned about Sattriya dance in 2014. Let's have a look at some of the Classical Dances questions from previous UPSC exams.
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India's Dance Forms
Classical and folk dance are the two most popular dance forms in India. The origin is the most significant distinction between Classical and Folk dancing.
The Natya Shastra, in which the distinctive elements of each of the Classical dance forms are outlined, has a long history with classical dance.
Folk dance, on the other hand, arose from the state's, ethnic, or geographic region's local tradition.
India's Classical Dance
The Natya Shastra is the source of classical dance. According to the source and researcher, India has eight traditional dance genres.
The Indian Cultural Ministry has added Chhau to the list of classical dances, bringing the total number of classical dance forms to nine.
The following are the eight basic technicalities expressed in classical dance:
- Shringar: Love
- Hasya: Humorous
- Karuna: Sorrow
- Raudra: Anger
- Veer: Heroism
- Bhayanak: Fear
- Bibhats: Disgust
- Adbhoot: Wonder
The UPSC exam includes a static GK topic called Indian Dances with States.
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The list of classical dances in India is given below:
List of Classical dances in India
State of Origin
India's Folk Dances
In India, folk dances showcase the culture and traditions of the group from which they came.
Folk dances are typically performed at communal celebrations such as births, festivals, and weddings.
In India, there are many different types of folk dances.
The following is a list of Indian folk dances:
State of Origin
List of Folk Dances in India
||Vilasini Natyam, Bhamakalpam, Veeranatyam, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Dhimsa, Kolattam.
||Buiya, Chalo, Wancho, Pasi Kongki, Ponung, Popir
||Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal.
||Jata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya
||Gaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Vedamati, Kapalik
||Garba, Dandiya Raas, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai
||Tarangamel, Koli, Dekhni, Fugdi, Shigmo, Ghode, Modni, Samayi nrutya, Jagar, Ranmale
||Jhumar, Phag, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor.
||Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu
|Jammu & Kashmir
||Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach
||Alkap, Karma Munda, Agni, Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Paika, Phagua
||Yakshagana, Huttari, Suggi, Kunitha, Karga
||Ottam Thullal, Kaikottikali
||Lavani, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa, Dahikala Dasavtar
||Jawara, Matki, Aada, Khada Nach, Phulpati, Grida Dance, Selalarki, Selabhadoni
||Dol Cholam, Thang Ta, Lai Haraoba, Pung Cholom
||Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem, Nongkrem, Laho
||Cheraw Dance, Khuallam, Chailam, Sawlakin, Chawnglaizawn, Zangtalam
||Rangma, Bamboo Dance, Zeliang, Nsuirolians, Gethinglim
||Savari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari
||Bhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman, Bhand
||Ghumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal
||Chu Faat, Sikmari, Singhi Chaam or the Snow Lion, Yak Chaam, Denzong Gnenha, Tashi Yangku
||Kumi, Kolattam, Kavadi
||Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli
||Garhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari, Jhora, Raslila
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We hope our complete list of Indian states and their dance forms turned out to be a useful resource for your exam preparation. Art and culture are important aspects of the syllabus, and questions from this section are asked in both the prelims and mains exams every year.
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