UPSC Full Form, Know what is the full form of UPSC and other details

Safalta Expert Published by: Himani Mehra Updated Thu, 17 Nov 2022 10:39 AM IST

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Looking for the full form of UPSC?  Know full form of IAS, IPS, IRS, CSE exams here! Get complete details about Union Public Service Commission and its popular exams at Safalta.com

The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. It is a constitutional body created to recruit suitable candidates for the top Group A and B posts. The constitution itself has bestowed on it the responsibility to ensure standards of services and suitable recruitment. Article 324 of the constitution deals with provisions related to UPSC. As government jobs are the most sought-after jobs in India UPSC conducts examinations like - IAS, CDS, NDA, CAPF etc.

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Table of Content

  1. What is UPSC?
  2. UPSC Exam Pattern
  3. Full Form of UPSC Exams
  4. Composition and Structure of UPSC

What is UPSC?

It is an independent constitutional body established on October 1, 1926, directly under the Constitution. It is the primary body under the Government of India which conducts exams to recruit candidates for All India Services, central services and public services of the centrally administered territories. The headquarters of UPSC is in New Delhi. The official website of UPSC is upsc.gov.in.
 
UPSC conducts a national level exam for 24 services under the Central and State Government of India. UPSC is concerned with conducting the exams and with developing methodologies for the recruitment process. Along with this UPSC is also concerned with matters relating to the promotion and transfer of officers under the Central Government and also in disciplinary matters involving civil servants. 

Also Read:
IAS Full Form IAS Eligibility IAS Salary IAS Cut Off IAS Exam Pattern

 
UPSC is usually recognized with Civil Services Examination that it conducts to recruit candidates to for various Central Government posts such as IAS (Indian Administration Services), IPS (Indian Police Services), and so on. However, Civil Services Examination is just one of the examinations that UPSC conducts. Other examinations conducted by UPSC include:
 

UPSC Exam Pattern

There are two stages in UPSC Civil Services Exam:
  •      Stage 1- Preliminary Exam
  •      Stage 2- Mains Exam (which includes the Interview round)

The detailed pattern of each of these stages are as follows:

Check UPSC Eligibility Criteria here.

UPSC Exam Pattern: Preliminary Examination

The UPSC Exam pattern for the preliminary exam consists of two papers:
  1. Paper 1 is - General Studies I
  2. Paper 2 is - CSAT (General Studies Paper-II).
  3. Both these papers are objective in nature.
  4. A preliminary exam is conducted to select the candidates who will appear for the Mains Examination.
  5. A total of 100 questions are asked in Paper I and 80 questions in Paper-II.
  6. There is negative marking and 1/3 marks are deducted for every incorrect answer. 

Paper Name

Time Duration

No. of Questions

Total Marks

Nature of Paper

GS Paper I

2 hours

100

200

Marks considered for Preliminary Exam Merit

GS Paper II (CSAT)

2 hours

80

200

Qualifying in nature


Check What is PCS Officer Salary here with Safalta.

UPSC Exam Pattern: Mains Examination

Candidates who qualify for the preliminary examination appear for Mains Examination. Knowing  UPSC Exam Pattern for the main examination is essential for all the UPSC Aspirants. There are 9 papers in Mains out of which 2 are qualifying in nature and the other 7 papers and interview are considered for preparing the merit list. All these papers are descriptive in nature. It is mandatory for candidates to score at least 25% in each paper to be considered for final selection. 
 

Paper Name

Time Duration

Total Marks

Nature of Paper

Paper A – Compulsory Indian Language Paper

3 hours

300

 

Qualifying in nature

Paper B – English Language Paper

3 hours

300

Paper I – Essay

3 hours

250

 

 

 

Considered for Merit

Paper-II – General Studies I

3 hours

250

Paper III – General Studies II

3 hours

250

Paper IV – General Studies III

3 hours

250

Paper V – General Studies IV

3 hours

250

Paper VI – Optional Paper I

3 hours

250

Paper VII – Optional Paper-II

3 hours

250

Total

 

1750

 

Interview/ Personality Test

 

275

 

Grand Total

 

2025



Also, read the full form of the following:


Full form of UPSC Exams

  • Indian Forest Service Examination  (IFoS)
  • Combined Defence Service Examination (CDS)
  • National Defence Academy Examination (NDA)
  • Naval Academy Examination (NA)
  • Indian Engineering Services Examination (IES)
  • Special Class Railway Apprentice
  • Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination
  • Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination
  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) (CAPF)
  • Combined Medical Services Examination

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All of these exams are conducted by UPSC and are unique in their own way and are equally prestigious as well. UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) is the most recognized one since it is the most competitive exam in the country. It consists of three stages:
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Mains Exam
  • Interview
Candidates who clear these stages are finally recruited to work under the central government and as per their ranks in the final merit list, candidates are allotted different services such as the Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS), Indian Revenue Services (IRS), Indian Foreign Services (IFS) and more.

Know more about UPSC Civil Services Examination here!

Each of the above-listed exams has its own eligibility criteria and service. All of these exams are conducted by the UPSC.
 


Composition and Structure of UPSC

The UPSC consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the president of India. There is no specific limit of the composition of the commission. The commission usually consists of nine to eleven members. The Consitution does not mention any specific qualifications for commission's membership, however, it is that one-half of the members of the commission should be persons who have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the government of a state. The chairman and members remain in office for a time period of 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years. 

Currently, Pradeep Kumar Joshi is the chairman of UPSC. 
 
Thus we see that UPSC is a central body that conducts various exams for the recruitment of eligible and interested candidates. Having learned about UPSC, candidates must understand that each of the exams that UPSC conducts is competitive in their own way and prestigious as well. There are lakhs of candidates who prepare for these exams, while it is just a handful of them who are finally selected. Thus it is very important that candidates prepare well for the exams conducted by UPSC.

We hope that this article for UPSC in Full form and its other details turned out to be useful for you. Keep visiting our website and browse our courses, study material, and mock tests to improve your chances of selection. For expert guidance and selection-oriented learning, join Safalta to crack various exams.

What is the full form of UPSC?

The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission.

When was UPSC established?

UPSC was established on October 1, 1926.

Who is the chairman of UPSC?

Pradeep Kumar Joshi is the current chairman of UPSC.

Where are the headquarters of UPSC?

UPSC headquarters are in New Delhi.

What is the responsibility of UPSC?

UPSC conducts a national level exam for 24 services under the Central and State Government of India. UPSC is concerned with conducting the exams and with developing methodologies for the recruitment process. Along with this UPSC is also concerned with matters relating to the promotion and transfer of officers under the Central Government and also in disciplinary matters involving civil servants. 

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