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India has a record-high trade deficit of 31 billion dollars.

Safalta Expert Published by: Aryan Rana Updated Fri, 05 Aug 2022 11:33 PM IST


India's merchandise exports decreased by 0.76 per cent from a year earlier to $37.24 billion, while imports increased by 44 per cent to $66.26 billion. Exports of products fell for the first time in 20 months and imports of goods climbed.

India's trade imbalance increased to a record $31.02 billion in July as imports of products climbed despite restrictions and exports of goods shrank for the first time in 20 months. Due to high commodity prices and a weak rupee, July's merchandise exports decreased by 0.76 per cent from the same month last year to $37.24 billion, while imports increased by 44 per cent to $66.26 billion. These trends were revealed in data released by the ministry of commerce and industry on Tuesday.  If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.

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What Is a Trade Deficit?

What Is a Trade Deficit? A trade deficit is defined as the difference between a country's imports and exports within a fiscal year.

Why It's Bad

The rupee, which has been strengthening against the dollar over the past several days after reaching a lifetime low of 80.16 two weeks ago, is likely to be under pressure as a result of the increasing deficit. However, any significant devaluation of the rupee may be muted by falling commodity and energy prices brought on by recessionary fears.

Exports may suffer from a recession in the US and European markets, economists said, even as imports are anticipated to moderate as a result of falling commodity prices.

Current Development: 

India's trade deficit has been gradually decreasing due to a rise in Indian exports, with the exception of 2019–20, when world commerce collapsed due to the impact of the Covid epidemic. India's exports reached a record $418 billion in 2021–2022.

The present year, however, is proving to be difficult for India's exports.


In a briefing to the media on Tuesday, Commerce Secretary B.V.R. Subrahmanyam stated that the country's trade imbalance increased in July as a result of rising commodity prices and the sinking rupee, which increased its import bill.

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