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In military language, a missile is also known as a guided missile which is a guided self-propelled flying weapon usually propelled by a fighter jet engine or rocket motor. The missile in ordinary language means an object which can be thrown, shot, or propelled towards a target.
Missiles of India
Missiles have four components:
- Flight System
A. Surface to Surface Missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank)
Different Classification of Missiles
- Prahaar: Its range is 150 km. It has been manufactured by DRDO. The place of origin is India. The launch platform is Transporter Erector Launch.
- Prithvi: was India’s first indigenously developed ballistic missile produced by the Integrated Guided-missile Development Program (IGMDP)- It is India’s only deployed nuclear-capable missile.
- Shaurya: Its range is 700-1900 km. It is manufactured by DRDO. The place of origin is India. The launch platform is Transporter Erector Launcher or Underground Silo.
- Dhanush: It is the naval variant of Prithvi- called Dhanush. They all carry Nuclear Warheads. It was inducted in the Indian Army in 1994.
- Agni Series- It consists of Agni I, Agni II, Agni III, Agni IV, and Agni V. It is manufactured by DRDO and BDL. The place of origin is India. The launch platform is Transporter Erector Launcher.
B. Surface to Air Missile (anti-ballistic)
- Akash: is a multi-target missile whose primary objective is to destroy flying targets in the air like fighter planes. It is manufactured by the ordnance factory in collaboration with Bharat Electronics. It has an inbuilt radar system that neutralizes missile heads.
- Akash Mk1s: can neutralize aerial targets. It is an upgrade of the Akash missile with an indigenous seeker. This missile uses a high-energy solid propellant for the booster. It has a range of 25km and an altitude of 18,000m.
- Trishul: It is designed primarily to defend naval ships against any missile attack. However, it was removed from service in 2008.
C. Air to Air Missile and anti-satellite weapons missile
- Astra: The warhead of this missile is 15 kg. It is still useful as a defense weapon.
- K-100: This was developed in Russia and India. It is a medium-range air-to-air missile. The range is 300-400 km. The speed is Mach 3.3
- MICA: has been developed by IAF (Indian Air Force). It is an air-to-air missile.
|Brahmos||Supersonic Cruise missile||290 km|
|Prahaar||Cruise Missile||150 km|
|Prithvi I||SRBM (short-range ballistic missile)||150 km|
|Shaurya||Range Ballistic missile||700-1900 km|
|Nirbhay||Cruise Missile||1000-1500 km|
|Agni I||Range Ballistic missile||700-1250 km|
|Dhanush||Sea to sea surface||350 km|
|Trishul||Surface to air mid-range||9 km|
|Barack I||Ship defense-ship to air||12 km|
|Helina (Helicopter launched Nag)||Anti-Tank Missile||7-8 km|
|K 100||Air to Air Missile (Medium Range)||300- 400 km|
|Akash||Medium range surface to Air missile||30- 35 km|
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Important Facts- Missiles in India
- The integrated guided missile development program was launched in 1983.
- This program was launched with an agenda to develop five missile systems in the country- Trishul, Akash, Nag, Prithvi, and Agni.
- Tessy Thomas who is an Indian scientist and Director General of Aeronautical system and the former Project Director for Agni- IV missile in DRDO is known as the “missile woman in India”.
- Prithvi was the first Indian single staged liquid-fuelled surface to surface missile.
- Nag: This is a good, Anti-tank, fire and forgets type of missile. This missile is low weighted as its body is made of fiber. The most striking feature is that its smoke is invisible- hence it can not be understood from where the missile is coming from or targeted.
- Helina: (Helicopter launched Nag) originated in India. It is an anti-tank guided missile with a range of 7-8 km.
- Amogha 1: is also an anti-tank guided missile of a range of 2.8km. It has also originated in India.
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Source: safalta.comAlso Check:
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What are the different type of Indian missiles?
- Surface to Air Missiles- SAM
- Air to Air Missiles- AAM
- Surface to surface missiles
- Missiles Defence (BMD)/ Interceptor missiles
- Cruises Missiles
- Sub Marine launched ballistic missiles
- Anti- Tank Missiles