List Of Biosphere Reserves In India, Check the complete list here!

Safalta Expert Published by: Deepesh Mehra Updated Sun, 01 Jan 2023 01:10 PM IST


Looking for the list of Biosphere Reserves in India? Get to know the details of the names and locations of the Biosphere Reserves here at

List of Biosphere Reserves in India: Biosphere Reserves are there to  safeguard larger natural habitat areas than the typical national park or animal sanctuary. India currently has 18 biosphere reserves. These help in conserving the rich biodiversity that exists. They correspond to IUCN Category V Protected areas. India is home to diverse flaura and fauna which makes it very unique.

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Candidates preparing for competitive exams must know about the different biosphere reserves in India. Read this article to check the list of Biosphere Reserves in India and other details. 

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Table of Content

  1. Biosphere Reserves
  2. List of Biosphere Reserves in India
  3. List of Biosphere Reserves included in MAB List

Biosphere Reserves 

Before we list the biosphere reserves along with their location candidates must know the criteria for setting up of biosphere reserve. Criteria for Designation of Biosphere Reserve
  • A site must contain a protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • The core area must be a bio-geographical unit and should be large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels.
  • The involvement of local communities and use of their knowledge in biodiversity preservation.
  • Areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of the environment.

There are 727 biosphere reserves in 131 countries, including 22 transboundary sites. They are distributed as follows:

  • 86 sites in 31 countries in Africa
  • 35 sites in 14 countries in the Arab States
  • 168 sites in 40 countries in Asia and the Pacific
  • 306 sites in 24 countries in Europe and North America
  • 132 sites in 22 countires Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • There are 18 biosphere reserves in India:
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List Of Biosphere Reserves In India

The list is as follows:
  1. Cold Desert, Himachal Pradesh
  2. Nanda Devi, Uttrakhand
  3. Khangchendzonga, Sikkim
  4. Dehang-Debang, Arunachal Pradesh
  5. Manas, Assam
  6. Dibru-Saikhowa, Assam
  7. Nokrek, Meghalaya
  8. Panna, Madhya Pradesh
  9. Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
  10. Achanakmar-Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh
  11. Kachchh, Gujarat (Largest Area)
  12. Similipal, Odisha
  13. Sundarban, West Bengal
  14. Seshachalam, Andhra Pradesh
  15. Agasthyamala, Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala
  16. Nilgiri, Tamil Nadu-Kerala (First to be Included)
  17. Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu
  18. Great Nicobar, Andaman & Nicobar Island
NDA vs CDS: Know the difference between CDS and NDA here

List Of Biosphere Reserves Included In MAB List

There are 7 most significant biosphere reserves that are listed in the MAB list. The Biosphere reserves included in the MAB list enjoy the special distinction of global recognition, but the magnet and control of such areas are under the National Government, Unesco guides and assists the member nation.  The Indian List of biosphere reserves includes 1 marine national park and 10 other land-based national parks. The detailed list is as follows:
  • Nilgiri (First to be included)
  • Gulf of Mannar
  • Sunderban
  • Nanda Devi
  • Nokrek
  • Pachmarhi
  • Similipal
  • Achanakmar - Amarkantak
  • Great Nicobar
  • Agasthyamala
  • Khangchendzonga 
  • Panna
Read here the landmark NDA Notification For Women.

Now Learn The location of MAB Sites With the Help Of MAP

List of Biosphere Reserve: Criteria for Designation

  • A site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • The core area should have characteristics of a bio-geographical unit and be sizable enough to support thriving populations that represent all trophic levels in the ecosystem.
  • In order to integrate biodiversity protection and socioeconomic development while controlling and containing disputes, the management authority must secure local communities' participation and collaboration.
  • areas with the potential to preserve traditional tribal or rural ways of life for environmentally friendly use.
Also check 

Biosphere conservation

India is a signatory to the landscape approach backed by the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme, which serves as the guiding force behind the Biosphere Reserve Program. The Government of India has been operating a programme known as the Biosphere Reserve since 1986, in which financial support is given to the states of the North Eastern Region and the three Himalayan states in a ratio of 90:10 and to other states in a ratio of 60:40 for the upkeep, development, and improvement of specific items. The Management Action Plan is created by the State Government and is authorised and followed by the Central MAB Committee.

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Important Articles of Indian Constitution

It is important to note that the essential methodology of biosphere conservation involves Man as the name suggests. Biosphere reserves look to integrate the local forest inhabitants for conservation and train them for scientific management of the area.

To know more read here:
  List Of Nationalized Banks In India   List Of National Organizations And Their Headquarters SBI PO Syllabus

Which is the 1st Biosphere Resreve Of India?

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986. 

Which is the larget Biosphere reserve of India?

Part of Kutch, Morbi, Surendranagar and Patan districts; the largest biosphere reserve in India

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?

There are 18 Biosphere reserves in India as of 2022, of which 12 are also part of the UNESCO MAB Programme.

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