List Of Biosphere Reserves In India: Check the complete list of Biosphere Reserves here

Safalta Expert Published by: Deepesh Mehra Updated Fri, 06 May 2022 08:42 AM IST


Looking for the list of Biosphere Reserves in India? Get to know the details of the names and locations of the Biosphere Reserves here at

Are you aware of various biosphere reserves in India? UNESCO's MAB Programme or The Man And Biosphere Programme was launched in 1971 which initiated seyting up Biosphere Reserves. Biosphere Reserve (BR) is a designated area meant for wildlife preservation by the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation for representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over large areas of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination of both.  The aim is to establish a scientific basis for enhancing the relationship between people and their environments. India too made followed the standards set by UNESCO and initiated its own Biosphere Conservation Programme.  The list of biosphere reserves in India must be known to all the candidates' competitive examinations. There are 7 biosphere reserves from India Included in the MAB programme.  This article will cover various biosphere reserves and the  List Of Biosphere Reserves In India. If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.
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 List Of Biosphere Reserves 

Before we list the biosphere reserves along with their location candidates must know the criteria for setting up of biosphere reserve. Criteria for Designation of Biosphere Reserve
  • A site must contain a protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • The core area must be a bio-geographical unit and should be large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels.
  • The involvement of local communities and use of their knowledge in biodiversity preservation.
  • Areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of the environment.

There are 727 biosphere reserves in 131 countries, including 22 transboundary sites. They are distributed as follows:

  • 86 sites in 31 countries in Africa
  • 35 sites in 14 countries in the Arab States
  • 168 sites in 40 countries in Asia and the Pacific
  • 306 sites in 24 countries in Europe and North America
  • 132 sites in 22 countires Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • There are 18 biosphere reserves in India:
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The List Of Biosphere Reserves In India:

The list is as follows:
  1. Cold Desert, Himachal Pradesh
  2. Nanda Devi, Uttrakhand
  3. Khangchendzonga, Sikkim
  4. Dehang-Debang, Arunachal Pradesh
  5. Manas, Assam
  6. Dibru-Saikhowa, Assam
  7. Nokrek, Meghalaya
  8. Panna, Madhya Pradesh
  9. Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
  10. Achanakmar-Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh
  11. Kachchh, Gujarat (Largest Area)
  12. Similipal, Odisha
  13. Sundarban, West Bengal
  14. Seshachalam, Andhra Pradesh
  15. Agasthyamala, Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala
  16. Nilgiri, Tamil Nadu-Kerala (First to be Included)
  17. Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu
  18. Great Nicobar, Andaman & Nicobar Island
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List Of Biosphere Reserves Included In MAB List

There are 7 most significant biosphere reserves that are listed in the MAB list. The Biosphere reserves included in the MAB list enjoy the special distinction of global recognition, but the magnet and control of such areas are under the National Government, Unesco guides and assists the member nation.  The Indian List of biosphere reserves includes 1 marine national park and 10 other land-based national parks. The detailed list is as follows:
  • Nilgiri (First to be included)
  • Gulf of Mannar
  • Sunderban
  • Nanda Devi
  • Nokrek
  • Pachmarhi
  • Similipal
  • Achanakmar - Amarkantak
  • Great Nicobar
  • Agasthyamala
  • Khangchendzonga 
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It is important to note that the essential methodology of biosphere conservation involves Man as the name suggests. Biosphere reserves look to integrate the local forest inhabitants for conservation and train them for scientific management of the area.

To know more read here:
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Which is the 1st Biosphere Resreve Of India?

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986. 

Which is the larget Biosphere reserve of India?

Part of Kutch, Morbi, Surendranagar and Patan districts; the largest biosphere reserve in India

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?

There are 18 Biosphere reserves in India as of 2022, of which 12 are also part of the UNESCO MAB Programme.

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