List of Mountain Ranges in India: Important Ranges For All Examination!

Safalta Expert Published by: Harshita Pathak Updated Mon, 20 Jun 2022 11:02 PM IST

Highlights

Do you have the list of Mountain Ranges in India? Check the complete list along with important facts here at Safalta.com.

India is home to some of the world’s highest and loftiest mountains. These mountains not only provide stunning vistas, but they also play an important role in preserving the natural grandeur of geographical features, landscapes, and the environment. The Himalayas, Aravalli, Eastern Ghats, Nilgiri, Shivalik, Vindhya, and Satpura are the major mountain ranges in India. One of the key concerns addressed in the static G.K part is the list of mountains in India. This is the place to be if you're studying for the SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, or Railways exams. In this article, we will provide you with a complete list of Mountains in India. You may also read the Most Important List Of Lists For Government Exams.
 
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Table of Contents

  1. List of Mountain Ranges and Hills in India
  2. List of the six prominent Mountain Ranges of India

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List of Mountain Ranges and Hills in India


Following are the complete list of the Mountain ranges in India with their brief details in various columns:
 
 
Rank (India) Rank (world) Name Height (m) Height (ft) Range Prominence (m) Coordinates State
1 3 Kanchenjunga 8,598 28,169 Himalayas 3,922 27°42′09″N 88°08′48″E Sikkim
2 23 Nanda Devi 7,816 25,643 Garhwal Himalaya 3,139 30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E Uttarakhand
3 29 Kamet 7,756 25,446 Garhwal Himalaya 2,817 30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E Uttarakhand
4 31 Saltoro Kangri / K10 7,742 25,400 Saltoro Karakoram 2,160 35°23′57″N 76°50′53″E * Ladakh
5 35 Saser Kangri I / K22 7,672 25,171 Saser Karakoram 2,304 34°52′00″N 77°45′09″E Ladakh
6 48 Mamostong Kangri / K35 7,516 24,659 Rimo Karakoram 1,803 35°08′31″N 77°34′39″E Ladakh
7 49 Saser Kangri II E 7,513 24,649 Saser Karakoram 1,450 34°48′17″N 77°48′24″E Ladakh
8 51 Saser Kangri III 7,495 24,594 Saser Karakoram 850 34°50′44″N 77°47′06″E Ladakh
9 56 Teram Kangri I 7,462 24,482 Siachen Karakoram 1,702 35°34′48″N 77°04′42″E Ladakh
10 57 Jongsong Peak 7,462 24,482 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 1,298 27°52′54″N 88°08′09″E Sikkim
11 61 K12 7,428 24,370 Saltoro Karakoram 1,978 35°17′45″N 77°01′20″E Ladakh
12 65 Kabru N 7,412 24,318 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 780 27°38′02″N 88°07′00″E Sikkim
13 69 Ghent Kangri 7,401 24,281 Saltoro Karakoram 1,493 35°31′04″N 76°48′02″E Ladakh
14 71 Rimo I 7,385 24,229 Rimo Karakoram 1,438 35°21′18″N 77°22′08″E Ladakh
15 73 Teram Kangri III 7,382 24,219 Siachen Karakoram 520 35°35′59″N 77°02′53″E Ladakh
16 76 Kirat Chuli 7,362 24,153 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 1,168 27°47′16″N 88°11′43″E Sikkim
17 92 Mana Peak 7,272 23,858 Garhwal Himalaya 730 30°52′50″N 79°36′55″E Uttarakhand
18 96 Apsarasas Kangri 7,245 23,770 Siachen Karakoram 635 35°32′19″N 77°08′55″E Ladakh
19 97 Mukut Parbat 7,242 23,760 Garhwal Himalaya 840 30°56′57″N 79°34′12″E Uttarakhand
20 98 Rimo III 7,233 23,730 Rimo Karakoram 615 35°22′31″N 77°21′42″E Ladakh
21 108 Singhi Kangri 7,202 23,629 Siachen Karakoram 790 35°35′59″N 76°59′01″E Ladakh
22   Hardeol 7,161 23,494
Kumaon

Himalaya

1,291 30°34′N 80°01′E Uttarakhand
23   Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak 7,138 23,418 Garhwal Himalaya 1,594 30°44′53″N 79°17′19″E Uttarakhand
24   Nun-Kun 7,135 23,408 Zanskar Himalaya 2,404 33°59′N 76°01′E Ladakh
25   Pauhunri 7,128 23,385 Sikkim Himalaya 2,035 27°57′N 88°51′E Sikkim
26   Pathibhara / The Pyramid 7,123 23,369 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 900 27°49′N 88°10′E Sikkim
27   Trisul I 7,120 23,359 Kumaon Himalaya 1,616 30°18′57″N 79°46′36″E Uttarakhand
28   Satopanth 7,075[1] 23,212 Garhwal Himalaya 1,250 30°50′45″N 79°12′48″E Uttarakhand
29   Tirsuli 7,074 23,209 Garhwal Himalaya 674 30°35′N 80°01′E Uttarakhand
30   Chong Kumdang Ri 7,071[2] 23,199 Rimo Karakoram 851 35°12′N 77°35′E Ladakh
31   Dunagiri 7,066 23,182 Garhwal Himalaya 1,346 30°30′55″N 79°51′56″E Uttarakhand
32   Kangto 7,060 23,163 Assam Himalaya 2,195 27°51′57″N 92°31′53″E Arunachal Pradesh
33   Nyegyi Kansang 7,047 23,120 Assam Himalaya 1,752 27°56′N 92°40′E Arunachal Pradesh
34   Padmanabh 7,030[2] 23,064 Rimo Karakoram 870 35°26′N 77°11′E Ladakh
35   Shudu Tsempa 7,024[4] 23,045 Sikkim Himalaya 524 27°56′N 88°52′E Sikkim
36   Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo 7,017[5] 23,022 Saser Karakoram 657 34°53′N 77°48′E Ladakh
37   Aq Tash 7,016[6] 23,018 Rimo Karakoram 1,176 35°05′N 77°38′E Ladakh
38   Chong Kumdang Ri II 7,004[2] 22,979 Rimo Karakoram 624 35°12′N 77°32′E Ladakh
39   Rishi Pahar 6,992 22,940 Kumaon Himalaya 622 30°31′57″N 79°59′52″E Uttarakhand
40   Thalay Sagar 6,984 22,913 Garhwal Himalaya 1,004 30°51′36″N 78°59′45″E Uttarakhand
41   Mount Lakshmi 6,983 22,910 Rimo Karakoram 800 35°27′N 77°10′E Ladakh
42   Kedarnath Main 6,968 22,769 Garhwal Himalaya 1,400 30°47′50″N 79°04′03″E Uttarakhand
43   Langpo 6,965[7] 22,851 Sikkim Himalaya 560 27°51′13″N 88°11′47″E Sikkim
44   Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak 6,940[1] 22,769 Garhwal Himalaya 900 30°01′N 79°30′E Uttarakhand
45   Shahi Kangri 6,934[8] 22,749 Central Tibetan Plateau 1,644 35°10′N 77°50′E Ladakh
46   Sri Kailash 6,932 22,743 Garhwal Himalaya 1,092 31°01′03″N 79°10′39″E Uttarakhand
47   Kalanka 6,931 22,739 Garhwal Himalaya 850 30°30′8″N 79°56′20″E Uttarakhand
48   Chorten Nyima Ri 6,927[7] 22,726 Sikkim Himalaya 807 27°57′00″N 88°10′42″E Sikkim
49   Saf Minal / P. 6911 6,911[9] 22,673 Garhwal Himalaya 531 30°31′N 79°58′E Uttarakhand
50   Panchchuli II 6,904[10] 22,651
Kumaon

Himalaya

1,614 30°13′N 80°26′E Uttarakhand


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List of the six prominent Mountain Ranges of India:

 

1. The Himalayas 

Himalaya, India's highest mountain range, literally translates to "abode of snow" in Sanskrit. The Himalayan Mountain Range is India's youngest range, formed by the collision of two tectonic plates. The Himalayan Mountain Range has nearly every highest peak in the world, with more than 100 peaks rising beyond 7200 metres on average. Mount Everest, at 8848 metres, is the highest point on the planet. It is located in Nepal's Himalayan Range. The Himalayas also serves as the source of several major river systems, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus. The Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering the Indian mainland in the winter season.

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2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range

The Karakoram and Pir Panjal ranges are located to the north and south of the Himalayan Range, respectively. A large portion of the Karakoram Range falls under the disputed jurisdiction of India and Pakistan, and both countries have declared a claim to it. The Karakoram Range, which stretches for 500 kilometres, is home to many of the world's tallest peaks. K2, the world's second-highest mountain at 8,611 metres, is located in the Karakoram Range. Except for the Polar Regions, the Karakoram possesses the most glaciers. This range contains the world's second and third largest glaciers, the Siachen Glacier and the Biafo Glacier. This mountain range is also known as the Lower Himalayas. This range is traversed by rivers such as the Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. Gulmarg is a very important hill station.

3. Eastern Mountain Range or The Purvanchal Range

The Purvanchal Range can be considered an extension of the Himalayas in the eastern portion of India because the creation process of this range is quite similar to that of the Himalayas, despite the fact that the range is not as high as the Himalayas. The Purvanchal Range, also known as the Eastern Mountain Range, is divided into three sections: the Patkai-Bum Hill, the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills, and the Lushai Hill (Mizo Hill). Because of these hills, Mawsynram in Meghalaya is the wettest place on Earth, and it is located in Khasi Hill. This range encompasses all of India's eastern states, known colloquially as the "Seven Sisters."

4. The Aravalli Range

The Aravalli Range, India's oldest mountain range, is also the world's oldest mountain range. The range width varies from 10km to 100km. Aravalli translates to a 'line of peaks' in the local language and stretches 800 kilometres across the Indian states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. Guru Shikhar is the highest point in the Aravalli Range, rising 1722 metres above sea level. This range is well-known for its various tourist attractions, including Mount Abu, Rajasthan's lone hill station. The rivers that run through this range are the Banas, Luni, and Sabarmati.

5. The Western Ghats

The Western Ghats are a 1600m long mountain range in south India that stretches from Gujarat to Kanyakumari. This mountain range is also known as the "Sahyadri Mountains." It includes the Nilgiris, Anaimalai, and Cardomom mountain ranges. The Tapti River originates in Gujarat and flows parallel to the Arabian Sea, passing through Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. The highest peak in this range is Anaimalai Hills in Kerala, which has an elevation of 2695 metres. The Western Ghats are a UNESCO World Heritage Site with a rich bio-diversity. Jog falls, Ooty and Bandipur National Park are popular tourist destinations. The significant rivers in this area include the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri.

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How many mountains are there in India?

India is a huge country in southern Asia that is home to some of the world's tallest mountains, a rich cultural legacy, breathtaking natural landscapes, and wonderful cuisine. Kanchenjunga (8,586m/28,169ft) is the highest and most prominent of the country's 13,857 designated mountains.

What is the largest mountain in India?

With a height of over 8.5 thousand meters above sea level, the Kanchenjunga peak is the tallest mountain in India.

Which is the smallest mountain of India?

Haramukh rises to 16,872 feet (5,143 metres) and is located some 22 miles (35 km) north of Srinagar, Kashmir.

Which is the oldest fold mountain in India?

The Aravalli Range, an eroded stub of ancient mountains, is the oldest range of fold mountains in India.

What is the full form of K2?

The name K2 has no specific full form. It is the second peak of the Karakoram Range. The peak originally named Mt. Godwin Austen.

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