List of Mountain Ranges in India, Check Important Ranges For All Examinations!

Safalta Expert Published by: Harshita Pathak Updated Sat, 16 Sep 2023 02:58 PM IST


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List of Mountain Ranges in India: India is home to many mountain ranges of the world. The Himalayan range and Aravalli range are the most prominent ones. Mountain ranges are a very important natural resource. They are home to a variety of flora and fauna. Along with that, they are valuable for humans as they are home to various rivers and other resources of importance.


Candidates preparing for competitive exams must know the list of mountain ranges in India. Knowing this will help you improve your score in exams. Read this article to know the complete list of mountain ranges in India. 

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Table of Content

  1. List of Mountain Ranges and Hills in India
  2. List of the six prominent Mountain Ranges of India

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List of Mountain Ranges and Hills in India

Following is the complete list of the Mountain ranges in India with their brief details in various columns:
Rank (India) Rank (world) List Of Mountains Height (m) Range State
1 3 Kanchenjunga 8,598 Himalayas Sikkim
2 23 Nanda Devi 7,816 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
3 29 Kamet 7,756 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
4 31 Saltoro Kangri / K10 7,742 Saltoro Karakoram Ladakh
5 35 Saser Kangri I / K22 7,672 Saser Karakoram Ladakh
6 48 Mamostong Kangri / K35 7,516 Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
7 49 Saser Kangri II E 7,513 Saser Karakoram Ladakh
8 51 Saser Kangri III 7,495 Saser Karakoram Ladakh
9 56 Teram Kangri I 7,462 Siachen Karakoram Ladakh
10 57 Jongsong Peak 7,462 Kangchenjunga Himalaya Sikkim
11 61 K12 7,428 Saltoro Karakoram Ladakh
12 65 Kabru N 7,412 Kangchenjunga Himalaya Sikkim
13 69 Ghent Kangri 7,401 Saltoro Karakoram Ladakh
14 71 Rimo I 7,385 Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
15 73 Teram Kangri III 7,382 Siachen Karakoram Ladakh
16 76 Kirat Chuli 7,362 Kangchenjunga Himalaya Sikkim
17 92 Mana Peak 7,272 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
18 96 Apsarasas Kangri 7,245 Siachen Karakoram Ladakh
19 97 Mukut Parbat 7,242 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
20 98 Rimo III 7,233 Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
21 108 Singhi Kangri 7,202 Siachen Karakoram Ladakh
22   Hardeol 7,161


23   Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak 7,138 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
24   Nun-Kun 7,135 Zanskar Himalaya Ladakh
25   Pauhunri 7,128 Sikkim Himalaya Sikkim
26   Pathibhara / The Pyramid 7,123 Kangchenjunga Himalaya Sikkim
27   Trisul I 7,120 Kumaon Himalaya Uttarakhand
28   Satopanth 7,075[1] Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
29   Tirsuli 7,074 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
30   Chong Kumdang Ri 7,071[2] Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
31   Dunagiri 7,066 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
32   Kangto 7,060 Assam Himalaya Arunachal Pradesh
33   Nyegyi Kansang 7,047 Assam Himalaya Arunachal Pradesh
34   Padmanabh 7,030[2] Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
35   Shudu Tsempa 7,024[4] Sikkim Himalaya Sikkim
36   Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo 7,017[5] Saser Karakoram Ladakh
37   Aq Tash 7,016[6] Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
38   Chong Kumdang Ri II 7,004[2] Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
39   Rishi Pahar 6,992 Kumaon Himalaya Uttarakhand
40   Thalay Sagar 6,984 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
41   Mount Lakshmi 6,983 Rimo Karakoram Ladakh
42   Kedarnath Main 6,968 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
43   Langpo 6,965[7] Sikkim Himalaya Sikkim
44   Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak 6,940[1] Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
45   Shahi Kangri 6,934[8] Central Tibetan Plateau Ladakh
46   Sri Kailash 6,932 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
47   Kalanka 6,931 Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
48   Chorten Nyima Ri 6,927[7] Sikkim Himalaya Sikkim
49   Saf Minal / P. 6911 6,911[9] Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand
50   Panchchuli II 6,904[10]


Himalaya Uttarakhandd

You may also read about Different types of banks in India

List of the six prominent Mountain Ranges of India:


1. The Himalayas 

Himalaya, India's highest mountain range, literally translates to "abode of snow" in Sanskrit. The Himalayan Mountain Range is India's youngest range, formed by the collision of two tectonic plates. The Himalayan Mountain Range has nearly every highest peak in the world, with more than 100 peaks rising beyond 7200 metres on average. Mount Everest, at 8848 metres, is the highest point on the planet. It is located in Nepal's Himalayan Range. The Himalayas also serve as the source of several major river systems, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus. The Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering the Indian mainland in the winter season.

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2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range

The Karakoram and Pir Panjal ranges are located to the north and south of the Himalayan Range, respectively. A large portion of the Karakoram Range falls under the disputed jurisdiction of India and Pakistan, and both countries have declared a claim to it. The Karakoram Range, which stretches for 500 kilometres, is home to many of the world's tallest peaks. K2, the world's second-highest mountain at 8,611 metres, is located in the Karakoram Range. Except for the Polar Regions, the Karakoram possesses the most glaciers. This range contains the world's second and third-largest glaciers, the Siachen Glacier and the Biafo Glacier. This mountain range is also known as the Lower Himalayas. This range is traversed by rivers such as the Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. Gulmarg is a very important hill station.

3. Eastern Mountain Range or The Purvanchal Range

The Purvanchal Range can be considered an extension of the Himalayas in the eastern portion of India because the creation process of this range is quite similar to that of the Himalayas, even though the range is not as high as the Himalayas. The Purvanchal Range, also known as the Eastern Mountain Range, is divided into three sections: the Patkai-Bum Hill, the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills, and the Lushai Hill (Mizo Hill). Because of these hills, Mawsynram in Meghalaya is the wettest place on Earth, and it is located in Khasi Hill. This range encompasses all of India's eastern states, known colloquially as the "Seven Sisters."

4. The Aravalli Range

The Aravalli Range, India's oldest mountain range, is also the world's oldest mountain range. The range width varies from 10km to 100km. Aravalli translates to a 'line of peaks' in the local language and stretches 800 kilometres across the Indian states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. Guru Shikhar is the highest point in the Aravalli Range, rising 1722 metres above sea level. This range is well-known for its various tourist attractions, including Mount Abu, Rajasthan's lone hill station. The rivers that run through this range are the Banas, Luni, and Sabarmati.

5. The Western Ghats

The Western Ghats are a 1600m long mountain range in south India that stretches from Gujarat to Kanyakumari. This mountain range is also known as the "Sahyadri Mountains." It includes the Nilgiris, Anaimalai, and Cardamom mountain ranges. The Tapti River originates in Gujarat and flows parallel to the Arabian Sea, passing through Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. The highest peak in this range is Anaimalai Hills in Kerala, which has an elevation of 2695 metres. The Western Ghats are a UNESCO World Heritage Site with a rich bio-diversity. Jog Falls, Ooty and Bandipur National Park are popular tourist destinations. The significant rivers in this area include the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri.

6. The Satpura and Vindhyan Range

In the centre of India, there are two parallel mountain ranges called Satpura and Vindhya. These two ranges are the source of rivers like the Narmada and Tapti, with the Satpura range being the longest of the two. Many popular tourist destinations, including Panchmarhi Hill Station, Kanha National Park, Amarkantak, and Omkareshwar Temple, are located within these ranges. With some extensions into Gujarat, Chattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra make up the majority of Satpura's and Vindhaya's territories. The highest points in the Vindhya and Satpura range are Kalumar Peak (752m) and Duphgarh Peak (1350m).

6. The Eastern Ghats

The Eastern Ghats are a mountain range that runs parallel to the Bay of Bengal in the eastern region of the Indian Peninsula. West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu are all part of the range. The tallest mountain in this region is Arma Konda, which stands at 1680 meters. The Eastern Ghats play an important part in Indian agriculture because four major rivers in India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri, flow into the Bay of Bengal via the Eastern Ghats. They provide a hugely fertile region suited for crops such as rice. These Ghats are older than the Western Ghats and contain important pilgrimage sites such as Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Andhra Pradesh. Vishakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar are prominent Eastern Ghats cities.

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How many mountains are there in India?

India is a huge country in southern Asia that is home to some of the world's tallest mountains, a rich cultural legacy, breathtaking natural landscapes, and wonderful cuisine. Kanchenjunga (8,586m/28,169ft) is the highest and most prominent of the country's 13,857 designated mountains.

What is the largest mountain in India?

With a height of over 8.5 thousand meters above sea level, the Kanchenjunga peak is the tallest mountain in India.

Which is the smallest mountain of India?

Haramukh rises to 16,872 feet (5,143 metres) and is located some 22 miles (35 km) north of Srinagar, Kashmir.

Which is the oldest fold mountain in India?

The Aravalli Range, an eroded stub of ancient mountains, is the oldest range of fold mountains in India.

What is the full form of K2?

The name K2 has no specific full form. It is the second peak of the Karakoram Range. The peak originally named Mt. Godwin Austen.

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