List of Important Articles of The Indian Constitution, Check Complete List Here

Safalta Expert Published by: Himani Mehra Updated Tue, 13 Sep 2022 09:34 AM IST

Highlights

Looking for articles of the Indian Constitution? Know the important Articles of Indian Constitution here at Safalta.com.

Looking for the list of important articles of the Indian Constitution? If yes, then you have reached the right page. The Indian Constitution is the lengthiest written Constitution in the world. Originally the Indian Constitution comprised 395 articles and 22 parts, but today it has 450 articles in 25 parts. There are various features of our Constitution which make it the perfect guardian of democracy and the republic that India is. Read this blog to know the important articles of the Indian Constitution. You may also read Most Important List of Lists for Government Exams


General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: Download Here
 

Table of Contents

 

How Many Articles In The Indian Constitution

Often candidates do not know how many articles are there in the Indian Constitution. They are confused about different parts and schedules. Thus, you can refer to the details given below to clear all your doubts:
  • There are 25 parts of the Indian Constitution which contain a total of 465 articles.
  • The different parts, what they relate to and the Articles they contain are as follows:
Join Now - Maths Special Batch With LifeTime Validity.
 
Part Of the Indian Constitution Subject the Part Relates To Articles
Part I Union & Its Territory Article 1-4
Part II Citizenship Article 5-11
Part III Fundamental Rights Article 12-35
Part IV Directive Principles of State Policy Article 36-51
Part IV A Fundamental Duties Article 51A
Part V The Union Article 52-151
Part VI The States Article 152-237
Part VII Note: 7th Amendment Act, 1956 repealed Part 7 -
Part VIII Union Territories Article 239-242
Part IX Panchayats Article 243-243O
Part IX A Municipalities Article 243P-243ZG
Part IX B Co-operative Societies Article 243ZH-243ZT
Part X Scheduled and Tribal Areas Article 244-244A
Part XI Relation between Union & States Article 245-263
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits Article 264-300A
Part XIII Trade, Commerce, and Intercourse within the territory of India Article 301-307
Part XIV Services under the Union and States Article 308-323
Part XIV A Tribunals Article 323A-323B
Part XV Elections Article 324-329A
Part XVI Special Provisions relating to certain classes Article 330-342
Part XVII Official Languages Article 343-351
Part XVIII Emergency Provisions Article 352-360
Part XIX Miscellaneous Article 361-367
Part XX Amendment of the Constitution Article 368
Part XXI Temporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions Article 369-392
Part XXII Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in
Hindi and Repeals
Article 393-395
 
The different important Articles of the Indian Constitution and what they cover are as follows :

Different Parts of the Indian Constitution

Indian constitution is the bulkiest constitution, the provisions contained in the Constitution are grouped in various heads which are as follows:

PART 1 - Articles 1 to 4

  • Article 1 – Name and territory of the union.
  • Article 2 – Admission and establishment of the new state.
  • Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and names of existing states.

PART 2- Articles 5 to 11

  • Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
  • Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
  • Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship.
  • Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
Also read:

PART 3- Article 12 to 35

  • Article 12 – Definition of the state.
  • Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
Candidates must keep the parts in mind often questions can be asked from them.

Also Read:
 

  

Fundamental Rights and Related Articles of the Indian Constitution

Our Constitution provides citizens with Fundamental Rights which are justiciable. Originally there were seven Fundamental Rights, now there are only six of them.

Free Demo Classes

Register here for Free Demo Classes

Please fill the name
Please enter only 10 digit mobile number
Please select course
Please fill the email
The Right to Property was removed as a Fundamental Right by the 44th Amendment Act, 1978. 
Right to Equality: Articles 14 to 18
  • Article 14 – Equality before the law.
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
  • Article 18 – Abolition of titles.
Right to Freedom: Article 19 to 22
  • Article 19 – Guarantees to all the citizens the six rights and they are:
    • a – Freedom of speech and expression.
    • b – Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms.
    • c – Freedom to form associations or unions.
    • d – Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.
    • e – Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
    • f – Omitted
    • g – Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
  • Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
  • Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
  • Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Quicker Tricky Mathematics (हिंदी संस्करण)-Download Free E-Book  

Also, Download These Books For Effective Preparation for Exams:

Right Against Exploitation: Article 23 and 24
  • Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor.
  • Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines.
Right to Freedom of Religion: Article 25 to 28
  • Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
  • Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  • Article 27 – Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
  • Article 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction.
Cultural and Educational Rights: Article 29 and Article 30
  • Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities.
  • Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32
  • Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

PART 4- Article 36 to 51 - Directive Principles of State Policy

  • Article 36 – Definition
  • Article 37– Application of DPSP 
  • Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article 40 – Organization of a village panchayat
  • Article 41 – Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases
  • Article 43 – Living Wages, etc. for workers.
  • Article 43A – Participation of workers in the management of industries.
  • Article 44 – Uniform Civil Code. 
  • Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
  • Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), and OBC.
  • Article 47– Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
  • Article 48 – Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
  • Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.
  • Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security.

Get To Know the Complete Details on -Indian Sates And Capitals 

PART 4 A- Article 51 A- Fundamental Duties

There are a total of 11 Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution as of now. It was the 42nd Amendment Act 1976 that added the tenth Fundamental Duty and 86th Amendment Act, 2002 that added the eleventh Fundamental Duty.

PART 5- Article 52 to 151- Union

  • Article 52 – The President of India
  • Article 53 – Executive Power of the union
  • Article 54 – Election of President
  • Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President
  • Article 63 – The Vice–president of India
  • Article 64 – The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman the council of States
  • Article 66 – Election of Vice–president
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President
  • Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President
  • Article 76 – Attorney–General for India
  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha
  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha
  • Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament
  • Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people
  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
  • Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills
  • Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills”
  • Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget
  • Article 114 –Appropriation Bills
  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG
  • Article 153 – Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts
 

PART 9- Article 243 to 243O- Panchayats

  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
 

PART 12- Article 264 to 300 A

  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance Commission
  • Article 300 A – Right to property
 

PART 13- Article 301 to 307- Services Under Centre and State

  • Article 312 – All– India–Service
  • Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states 
  • Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission
 

PART 14A- Articcle 323 A to Article 323 B

  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals
 

PART 15- Article 324 to 329- Elections

  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission
  • Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
  • Article 326 – Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage
 

PART 16- Article 330 to 342- Special Provisions for SC, ST, OBC, Minorities

  • Article 338 – National Commission for the SC & ST
  • Article 340 – Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes
  •  
 To know more read here:
 
List Of Nationalized Banks In India   List Of National Organizations And Their Headquarters
 

PART 17- Article 343 to 351- Official Language

  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union
  • Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state
  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts
  • Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages
 

PART 18- Article 352 to 360- Emergency

  • Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)
  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency 
 

PART 19- Article 361 to 367

  • Article 361 – Protection of President and Governors
 

PART 20- Article 368- Amendment of Constitution

  • Article 368  Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution
 

PART 21- Article 369 to 392- Special, Transitional and Temporary Provision

  • Article 370 – Temporary Provision for the erstwhile State of J&K (diluted on August 5 & 6, 2019).
  • Article 371 A –  Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371 J – Special Status for Hyderabad–Karnataka region
 

Articles Related to Emergency Provisions

  • Article 352: Proclamation of Emergency.
  • Article 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States
  • Article 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States
  • Article 360: Financial Emergency
 

Articles for Centre

  • Article 112: Annual financial statement for Union
  • Article 113: Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates
  • Article 114: Appropriation Bills
  • Article 115: Supplementary, additional or excess grants
  • Article 116: Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants
  • Article 117: Special provisions as to financial Bills
  • Article 118: Rules of procedure
  • Article 119: Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business
  • Article 120: Language to be used in Parliament.
  • Article 121: Restriction on discussion in Parliament
  • Article 122: Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament
  • Article 123: Power of President to promulgate Ordinances
  • Article 124: Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court
  • Article 72: Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
  • Article 74: Council of Ministers to aid and advice President.
  • Article 75: Other provisions as to Ministers
  • Article 76: Attorney General for India
  • Article 77: Conduct of business of the Government of India
  • Article 78: Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.
  • Article 79: Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 85: Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution
  • Article 86: Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
  • Article 88: Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses
  • Article 102: Disqualifications for membership
  • Article 105: Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof
  • Article 100: Voting in Houses, the power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
  • Article 111: Assent to Bills (President)
  • Article 110: Definition of Money Bills
 

Articles For States

  • Article 202: Annual financial statement for State
  • Article 203: Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates
  • Article 204: Appropriation Bills
  • Article 205: Supplementary, additional, or excess grants
  • Article 206: Votes on account, votes of credit, and exceptional grants
  • Article 207: Special provisions as to financial Bills
  • Article 208: Rules of procedure
  • Article 209: Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation to financial business
  • Article 210: Language to be used in Legislature
  • Article 211: Restriction on discussion in the Legislature
  • Article 212: Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Legislature
  • Article 213: Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances
  • Article 214: High Courts for States
  • Article 161: Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
  • Article 163: Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor
  • Article: 164: Other provisions as to Ministers
  • Article 165: Advocate General for the State
  • Article 166: Conduct of business of the Government of a State
  • Article 167: Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc.
  • Article 168: Constitution of Legislatures in States
  • Article 175: Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses
  • Article 177: Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses
  • Article 192: Disqualifications for membership
  • Article 194: Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof
  • Article 189: Voting in Houses, the power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
  • Article 200: Assent to Bills (Governor)
  • Article 199: Definition of “Money Bills” in State Legislature

Schedules of the Indian Constitution and Related Articles

There are 12 Schedules in the Indian Constitution. These, along with the Indian articles of the Constitution are mentioned below: 

Schedules of Indian Constitution Indian Constitution Articles
First Schedule Article 1 and Article 4
Second Schedule Articles:

 

  • 59
  • 65
  • 75
  • 97
  • 125
  • 148
  • 158
  • 164
  • 186
  • 221
Third Schedule Articles:

 

  • 75
  • 84
  • 99
  • 124
  • 146
  • 173
  • 188
  • 219
Fourth Schedule Article 4 and Article 80
Fifth Schedule Article 244
Sixth Schedule Article 244 and Article 275
Seventh Schedule Article 246
Eighth Schedule Article 344 and Article 351
Ninth Schedule Article 31-B
Tenth Schedule Article 102 and Article 191
Eleventh Schedule Article 243-G
Twelfth Schedule Article 243-W
 


Articles Of Indian Constitution That Must Be Known To All


Here is the list of most important articles that must be known to all the candidates:
 
Important Articles of the Indian Constitution Importance of Indian Articles
Article 12-35 Fundamental Rights
Article 36-50 Directive Principles of State Policy
Article 51A Fundamental Duties
Article 80 Number of Seats in Rajya Sabha
Article 243-243 (o) Panchayati Raj Institutions
Article 343 Hindi as Official Language
Article 356 Imposition of President’s Rule
Article 370 Special Status of Jammu & Kashmir
Article 395 Repeals Indian Independence Act and Government of India Act 1919

  
 

 

Which is the most important article of the Indian Constitution?

There are various important articles of the Indian Constitution such as Article 1, Article 3, Article 13 and so on.

Who is the father of Indian Constitution?

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is the father of Indian Constitution.

How many articles are there in the Indian Constitution?

There are 470 articles in the Indian Constitution.

Who is the mother of Constitution?

Bhikaji Rustom Cama is the mother of Indian Constitution.

Free E Books