List of First in India: Defence, Science, Governance, Sports

Safalta Expert Published by: Kirti Singh Updated Thu, 27 Jan 2022 05:29 PM IST

Highlights

Are you looking for the first people in India in the disciplines of administration, science, technology, defense, sports, and literature, as well as India's first important events? If yes then read this article for complete information.

It is helpful to have a reference list of static general information while studying for numerous school level and competitive exams, such as who was the first person in India to set a benchmark in their profession, or the first time an event occurred in India. Furthermore, recognizing pioneering events and individuals in numerous fields who helped our country build a name for itself in the world will serve as a source of motivation for the rest of our lives. Separate lists have been provided for the first people in India in the disciplines of administration, science, technology, defense, sports, and literature, as well as India's first important events and establishments. This list will benefit school children, candidates preparing for the GK component of major government examinations such as UPSC IAS, IFS, Banking, SSC, and other curious minds, as well as others.

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India's first in science and technology

The following table lists India's ground-breaking breakthroughs in science and technology:
 
First to pass the examination of the Indian Medical Service (IMS)
Rakesh Sharma
First genetically modified food product in India
Sidrapong (Darjeeling)
First Indian to be appointed as the deputy director-general of programs (DDP) of the World Health Organization (WHO)
Apsara (Maharashtra)
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics
SLV-3
First satellite earth station for domestic communications
Aryabhatta
First Man in Space
Surjo Kumar Chakroborty
First hydroelectric plant
Bt. Eggplant Hybrid [Banned]
First satellite
Secunderabad
First Nuclear Reactor
Dr.

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Soumya Swaminathan
First successfully indigenous launch vehicle
C.V Raman
 


India’s First in Governance

The table mentioned below gives the list of Important People in the field of Legislature and Judiciary Arm of Governance
 
First President of India
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
First Vice-President of India
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
First President of Indian National Congress
Womesh Chandra Bannerjee
First Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
First Chief Election Commissioner of India
Sukumar Sen
First Viceroy of India
Lord Canning
First Governor-General of India
Lord William Bentinck
First Chief Justice of India
H.J Kania
First Speaker of Lok Sabha
G. V.

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Mavlankar
First Home Minister of India
Sardar Vallabhai Patel
First Chairperson of Lokpal of India
Pinaki Chandra Ghose


India's first in defense

The list of people who held prominent roles in the Indian Defense Sector is shown in the table below:
 
First Defence Minister of India
Baldev Singh Chokkar
First Commander-in-Chief, Indian Air Force
Subroto Mukherjee
First Commander-in-Chief of Free India
Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
First female Jawan in the Army
Shanti Tigga
First Param Vir Chakra Winner
Major Somnath Sharma
First Field Marshal
Sam Manekshaw
First Indian woman to fly fighter aircraft without co-pilot
IAF Officer Avani Chaturvedi
First woman in the Indian Army awarded the coveted ‘Sword of Honour’ prize
Divya Ajith Kumar
First cosmonaut
Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma
 
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India’s First in Sports:

The Below Table gives the list of important achievements in the field of sports, predominantly at the Olympics:
First Olympics Team Medal
Gold in Field Hockey (1928, Summer Olympics)
First Indian woman wrestler to win an Asian gold medal
Navjot Kaur
First Indian woman badminton player to win an Asian Games medal
Saina Nehwal
First Indian woman to win a medal at Asian Games
Santhi Soundarajan
First person to win the international bronze medal in skiing
Aanchal Thakur
First Woman to Win an Olympic Silver Medal
P. V. Sindhu in Badminton
First female to represent India at the Summer Olympics
Nora Polley, 1924 Summer Olympics
First Individual Gold Medal won by
Abhinav Bindra, 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
First Woman to Win a Medal in Wrestling
Sakshi Malik won Bronze in the 2016 Summer Olympics


India's first in architecture:

Important milestones in Indian architecture are included in the table below:
 
First Indian temple with many interconnected structures
Brihadeeswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu
First mosque in India
Cheraman Juma Mosque in Methala
First church in India
St. Thomas Church, Palayoor
First temple constructed from a single rock
Kailasa temple at Ellora
First dam in India
Kallanai Dam
 
Also Check: List Of Major National Awards In India: Civilian awards, Gallantry awards, and others


India’s First: Miscellaneous

 Below are some miscellaneous topics for first in India that you should read:
 
No.
First In India
Answer
1
First Economic Census In India
1977
2
First Train In India
Red Hill Railway (1837)
3
First Passenger Train In India
Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan (16 April 1853)
4
First Newspaper In India
Hicky’s Bengal Gazette (1780)
5
First Election In India
The Indian General Election of 1951–1952
6
First Person to Discover Zero
Aryabhatta (AD 458)
7
First President of India
Rajendra Prasad (1950)
8
First Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru (1947)
9
First Bank In India
Bank of Hindustan (1770)
10
First National Park In India
Jim Corbett National Park (1936)
11
First General Election In India
25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952
12
First Indian Movie
Raja Harishchandra (1913) (Silent Movie)
13
First Indian Sound Movie
Alam Ara (1931)
14
First Indian Playback Song
Dhoop Chhaon (1935)
15
First Colour Movie in India
Kisan Kanya (1937)
16
First Movie Shot Abroad
Sangam (1964)
17
First Movie On-Screen Kiss
Marthanda Varma (1933)
18
First Proposal for Railways
Madras (1832)
19
First Metro In India
Kolkata Metro (1984)
20
First Test Tube Baby
Durga (A.K.A Kanupriya Agarwal)
21
India’s First Nuclear Test
Smiling Buddha (18 May 1974)
22
First Indian language
Sanskrit
23
First ATM in India
HSBC (1987)
24
First Computer in India
HEC-2M
25
First Computer Developed in India
Tata Institute of Fundamental
Research Automatic Calculator (TIFRAC)
26
India’s First Supercomputer 
PARAM 8000
27
First Airport in India
Juhu Aerodrome in Mumbai (1928)
28
First DSLR in India
QV-1000C (Nikon)
29
First Railway Line in India
Red Hills to Chintadripet bridge (1837)
30
First English Newspaper
Hickey’s Bengal Gazette (1780)
31
First Woman to Present Union
Budget of India
Indira Gandhi (1970-1971)
32
First Mosque in India
Cheraman Juma Masjid
33
First Biosphere Reserves of
India
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986)
34
First Cotton Mill in India
Fort Gloaster in 1818 (Kolkata)
35
First Publicly Available Internet
Service in India
15 August 1995
36
First Email used in India
1995
37
First Company to launch Internet Service in India
Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL)
38
First All-India stamps Issued
1 October 1854
39
First Adhesive postage stamps in India
District of Scinde (1852)
40
First City to have Post Office
Calcutta (1727)
41
First Private Train in India
Tejas Express
42
First Nobel Prize Winner in India
Rabindranath Tagore
43
First School in India
St. George’s School, Chennai (1715)
44
First University in India
University of Calcutta
45
First Institute to be Granted
Deemed University Status
Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
46
First Nuclear Plant in India
Tarapur Atomic power plant
47
First Electric Train in India
ex-GIP Railway (1500 Volt DC)
48
India’s First Railway Bridge
Thane Creek Bridge (Mumbai)
49
First Printing Press in India
Goa (1556)
50
First Cabinet Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
 
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