Presidents of India from 1950 to 2022, Check List Of All Presidents Of India Here!

Safalta Expert Published by: Deepesh Mehra Updated Wed, 04 Jan 2023 10:33 PM IST

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Looking for the list of Presidents of India? Get to know the List of all Presidents of India here with Safalta.

List of Presidents of India: The President is the nominal head of the Indian state. He is the first citizen of the country and the supreme commander of the defence forces. The Constitution provides for the office of the President and the  manner of election for the office as well. India has had various eminent personalities lead the nation in the office of the President. Check the list of Presidents of India here in this article. You may also read Most Important List of Lists for Government Exams.

 
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Table Of Content

List of All Presidents Of India From 1950 To 2022
Presidents of India: Important Points
Election Of President
Who Can Become President Of India

 

List of all Presidents of India from 1950 to 2022

The president of India is the head of state of India and the supreme commander of the  Although vested with these powers by the Constitution of India, the position is largely a ceremonial one and the prime minister de facto exercises executive powers. To date, we have had 14 Presidents as the De Jure Head of Indian State.

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The 15 th President of India will soon take the oath. The candidate must note that the Presidential post in India is not hereditary, unlike in the United Kingdom. The candidate must also note that any naturalized citizen can become a President. After adopting the Constitution on 26th November 1949 Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India. Ram Nath Kovind became the 14th Indian President on July 25th, 2017 and is the current President of India. 

 

Droupadi Murmu: New President of India

On 25 July 2022, Droupadi Murmu took the oath of office as the 15th President of India, making history by becoming the second woman and the first tribal leader to hold the position.
Since July 25, 2022, Droupadi Murmu, an Indian politician, has held the office of President of India. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She is the first member of an indigenous scheduled tribe to hold the office of President of India. She held a number of positions in the cabinet of the Government of Odisha between 2000 and 2004 before being elected as president. She also served as the ninth Governor of Jharkhand between 2015 to 2021.
 
Name Starting date Closing date Profiles
1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad January 26th, 1950 May 13th, 1962 He was the first President of the Republic of India.
2. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan May 13th, 1962 May 13th, 1967 He was the 2nd President of India.
3. Dr Zakir Hussain May 13th, 1967 May 3rd, 1969 He was the 3rd President of India.
4. Varahagiri Venkata Giri May 3rd, 1969 July 20th, 1969 He was acting President because of Hussain’s death.
5. Mohammad Hidayatullah July 20th, 1969 August 24th, 1969 He was acting President till Giri’s presidency.
6. Varahagiri Venkata Giri August 24th, 1969 August 24th, 1974 He was the 4th President of India.
7. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed August 24th, 1974 February 11th, 1977 He was the 5th President of India.
8. Basappa Danappa Jatti February 11th, 1977 July 25th, 1977 He was a chief minister of the Mysore but got elected as President, After the death of Ahmed.
9. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy July 25th, 1977 July 25th, 1982 Reddy was the 6th President of India unopposed.
10. Giani Zail Singh July 25th, 1982 July 25th, 1987 He was the 7th President of India and was also a member of the Congress party.
11. Ramaswamy Venkataraman July 25th, 1987 July 25th, 1992 He was the 8th President of India. He was also a lawyer and a professional politician.
12. Shankar Dayal Sharma July 25th, 1992 July 25th, 1997 He was the 9th President of India, and he was also a member of the National Congress party of India.
13. Kocheril Raman Narayanan July 25th, 1997 July 25th, 2002 He was the 10th President of India and the best diplomat in India.
14. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam July 25th, 2002 July 25th, 2007 He was the 11th President of India, and he was a great scientist. He worked in ISRO and DRDO organizations.
15. Pratibha Patil July 25th, 2007 July 25th, 2012 She was the 12th President of India, and she was the first woman to Be President.
16. Pranab Mukherjee July 25th, 2012 July 25th, 2017 He was the 13th President of India, and he was also a senior leader of the National Congress party.
17. Shri Ram Nath Kovind July 25th, 2017 Working He is the 14th President of India, and he is also the ex-governor Of Bihar.
18. Ms. Droupadi  Murmu - - 15th President of India who is also the first tribal woman to be elected to the position and the youngest as well.

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Presidents of India: Important Points

The Indian Constitution's Article 58 states a few conditions for a candidate to be eligible for the election of the president. Some of the following have been given below:
  • The President should be a citizen of India.
  • The President must be above the age of 35 years.
  • The President should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
  • The President of India should not contain any office of profit under the State Government, Union, and other local authorities.

President is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government. He is the nominal head while the real power rests with the council of ministers with the Prime minister at the top. 

President Elections

The Election Commission on Thursday announced July 18 as the date of the 16th Presidential Election for electing the next President of India. The tenure of the current President Shri Ram Nath Kovind is to end of July 24th and as per Article 62 of the Indian constitution, the election of the next President should be held before the expiry of therm. Article 324 of the Constitution, the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952, and the rules made thereunder vest the superintendence, direction, and control of the conduct of election to the office of the President of India in the Election Commission of India. The candidates must note that the procedure for the election of President is chosen from the Irish Constitution and unlike the British Constitution the head of the Indian State is not hereditary. 

President is elected by the electoral college of
(i) elected members of both houses of the Parliament
(ii) elected members of state legislatures
(iii) elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry

President is elected for five years but can serve any number of times and is eligible for re-election. 

The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations if the Vice President's seat is vacant then the Chief Justice of India acts as the President of India.

Also read:
 

Election Of President

President is elected by the electoral college of
(i) elected members of both houses of the Parliament
(ii) elected members of state legislatures
(iii) elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).

The President can be removed from the post in case of violation of the constitution. This impeachment can be moved in either house of parliament. It needs approval or consent of 1/10 of the house and can be moved only if the speaker of the house agrees to it.

Who Can Become President Of India

The Indian Constitution's Article 58 states a few conditions for a candidate to be eligible for the election of the president. Some of the following have been given below:

  1. The President should be a citizen of India.
  2. The President must be above the age of 35 years.
  3. The President should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
  4. The President of India should not contain any office of profit under the State Government, Union, and other local authorities.

Special Powers of President

The President is endowed with all of the nation's executive, legislative, financial, judicial, diplomatic, military, and emergency authorities. He is in charge of the country's military forces. All of the government of India's executive decisions are technically made in his name. He can call a special session of Parliament or prologue it, and he has the authority to dissolve the Lok Sabha. He may propose 12 candidates for the Rajya Sabha from among those with expertise in the fields of literature, science, the arts, or social work. He has the authority to propose two Anglo-Indian candidates for the Lok Sabha.
 
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Important Article Releated To President Of India

 

Article

Description

Article 52

There shall be a President of India.

Article 53

Executive Power of the Union

Article 54 

Election of President

Article 55

Manner of election of President

Article 56

Term of office of President

Article 57 

Eligibility for re-election

Article 58

Qualifications for election as President

Article 59

Conditions of President's office

Article 60

Oath or affirmation by the President

Article 61

Procedure for impeachment of the President

Article 62

Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of president and the term of office or person elected to fill casual vacancy

Article 70 

Discharge of President's functions in other contingencies

Article 71

Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President

Article 72

Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article 74

Council of Ministers to aid and advise President

Article 75

Other provisions as to Ministers

Article 87 

Special address by the President

Article 123

Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament

Article 143

Power of President to consult Supreme Court

Article 352

National Emergency

Article 356

President's rule

Article 360

Financial Emergency

 

Also read

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Which article of the Constitution is related to the President?

Article 52 mentions that there shall be a President of India.

Who was the first president of India?

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.

Who is the current President of India?

Shri Ram Nath Kovind is the current President of India.

What is the age limit for a person to be eligible to be elected as President?

A person should be not less than 35 years of age to be elected as President.

Who was the second President of India?

Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was the second President of India.

Who was the second President of India?

The second President of India was Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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