List of Prime Ministers of India (1947 to 2023), Check the complete list of Prime Ministers here!

Safalta Expert Published by: Saloni Bhatia Updated Mon, 16 Jan 2023 08:30 PM IST

Highlights

Looking for the list of Prime Ministers of India? Get the complete list here along with additional details.

 

List of Prime Ministers of India: The position of the Prime Minister is very important in a parlimentary democracy such as ours. The Constitution provides for the office of Prime Minister. Article 75 of the Constitution says that,  "The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister". He is the executive head of the state and the leader of the government in power. Read this article to check the complete list of Prime Minsiters of India. 
 

Table of Content

  1. List Of Prime Minister - Overview
  2. List of all Prime Ministers of India
  3. Important Facts Related to the Prime Minister of India
  4. Role of Prime Minister

 

List Of Prime Ministers - Overview


Here are some important details related to the list of Prime Ministers in India :
 First Prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.

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Source: Amar ujala

also India's longest-serving prime minister.
First Woman Prime minister of India. Indira Gandhi
India's youngest Prime minister  Rajiv Gandhi 
 First Sikh Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
 Current Prime minister of India (14th). Narendra Damodardas Modi 


List of all Prime Ministers of India

The 14th Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, took office on May 26, 2014. Indira Gandhi is India's only female prime minister, although Jawaharlal Nehru was the country's first and longest-serving leader. Check the complete list of Indian prime ministers.

The list of Prime Ministers of India is as given below:
 
S.No.
Name
Born-Dead
Term of office
Remark
1. Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889–1964) 15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days
The first and longest-serving Prime Minister of India, as well as the first to die in office.
2. Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting) (1898-1998) 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964,
13 days
India's first acting Prime Minister
3. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days
During the 1965 Indo-Pak war, he coined the phrase "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan."
4. Gulzari Lal Nanda (Acting) (1898-1998) January 11, 1966 - January 24, 1966
13 days
-
5. Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days
India's first lady Prime Minister
6. Morarji Desai (1896–1995) 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 years, 126 days
At the age of 81, he was the oldest person to become Prime Minister and the first to resign.
7. Charan Singh (1902–1987) 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
170 days
The only Prime Minister who did not address the Parliament
8. Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 14 Jan.1980 to 31 October 1984
4 years, 291 days
The first lady to serve as Prime Minister for a second term
9. Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) 31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989
5 years, 32 days
At 40 years old, he is the youngest person to become Prime Minister.
10. V. P. Singh (1931–2008) 2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990
343 days
The first prime minister to resign following a no-confidence vote
11. Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) 10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991
223 days
He is a member of the Samajwadi Janata Party.
12. P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
4 years, 330 days
South India's first Prime Minister
13. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924- 2018) 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
16 days
PM with the shortest term
14. H. D. Deve Gowda (born 1933) 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
324 days
He was a Janata Dal member.
15. Inder Kumar Gujral (1919–2012) 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998 332 days ------
16. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018) 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days
The first non-congressman to serve as Prime Minister for a full term.
17. Manmohan Singh (born 1932) 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days
First Sikh PM
18. Narendra Modi (born 1950) 26 May 2014, Incumbent India's fourth Prime Minister, who served two terms in a row.
 
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According to Article 75 of the Indian Constitution, the president of India chooses the prime minister. The Prime Minister is given primary executive authority over the government, with the President serving as the nominal head of State. The head of the Union government's Council of Ministers is the prime minister. The appointment and removal of Council members, as well as the distribution of government positions, are all unilaterally under the prime minister's power.

This Council, which is collectively accountable to the Lok Sabha pursuant to Article 75(3), offers the President "assistance and advise" regarding the operations falling under the latter's purview; nevertheless, by virtue of Article 74 of the Constitution, such "help and advice" is binding. The responsibilities of the Prime Minister of India are laid out in Article 78 of the Indian Constitution. While performing his duties, he serves as a liaison between the President and the Cabinet.


The Prime Minister (PM) makes recommendations to the President for the appointment of many officials, divides and reshuffles the portfolios of the Ministers, presides over meetings of the Council of Ministers, and has a say in their decisions. Any member may be asked to resign by the Prime Minister, who may also urge the President to dismiss a Minister.

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Important Facts Related To The Prime Minister Of India

  •  Some important points asked in various exams are given below.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India. He is also India's longest-serving prime minister.
  • Indira Gandhi was the first Woman Prime minister of India.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was sworn in as India's youngest Prime minister of India.
  • Manmohan Singh is the first Sikh Prime minister of India.
  • Narendra Damodardas Modi is the current Prime minister of India (14th).
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Role Of Prime Minister 

The link between the President and the Council of Ministers: The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers and serves as the channel of communication between the President and the Council of Ministers.

Allocation of Portfolios: He allocates portfolios among the ministers and distributes work among various ministries and offices.

In-Charge of Ministries: He is generally in charge of the following ministries/departments:
 

  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions
  • Ministry of Planning
  • Department of Atomic Energy
  • Department of Space
  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet

Leader of the Cabinet: The Prime Minister summons and presides over meetings of the cabinet and determines what business shall be transacted in these meetings.

Official Representative: The Prime Minister represents India in various delegations, high-level meetings and international organisations and also addresses the nation on various occasions of national importance.

Head of the Government: The Prime Minister of India is the head of the Government. Though the President is the head of the State, most of the executive decisions are taken by the Prime Minister. 




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Which article of the Constitution is related to the President?

The article 75 mentions that there shall be a Prime Minister of India. Appointed by the President. 

Who is the de facto head of India?

The Prime Minister is referred to as the De facto head of the state.

Who was the first Prime Minsiter of India?

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India. He also India's longest-serving prime minister.

Is Prime Minister a part of Council of miniters?

Yes. the Prime Minister is a part of council of Ministers. 

 

Can the Prime Minsier be from the Rajya Sabha?

Yes, the Prime Minsiter can be a part of Rajya Sabha.

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